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瘤擬步行蟲科

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瘤擬步行蟲科
Ironclad female sjh.JPG
Ironclad beetle, Zopherus nodulosus haldemani
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 节肢动物门 Arthropoda
纲: 昆虫纲 Insecta
目: 鞘翅目 Coleoptera
亚目: 多食亞目 Polyphaga
下目: 扁蟲下目 Cucujiformia
总科: 擬步總科 Tenebrionoidea
科: 瘤擬步行蟲科 Zopheridae
Solier, 1834
亞科

Colydiinae - cylindrical bark beetles
Latometinae (sometimes in Zopheridae)
Monommatinae (sometimes in Zopheridae)
Pycnomerinae (sometimes in Zopheridae)
Usechinae (sometimes in Zopheridae)
Zopherinae - ironclad beetles

Zopheridae used as jewelry

瘤擬步行蟲科(Zopheridae)是屬於鞘翅目擬步總科的昆蟲。近年來,有其他兩個科被劃分到本科之中,使得本科的成員數量有了相當的成長;這兩個科分別是擬吉丁蟲科(Monommatidae)以及細堅蟲科(Colydiidae)。某些學者接受本科劃分了6個亞科的系統,然而有些則將細堅蟲科從本科中剔除為一獨立科。本科有超過100個屬群需要被重新定義;本科昆蟲在世界各地有著數百個種類。這個科沒有特別使用的英文俗名,不過多數亞科都有自己傳統的英文俗名,例如 ironclad beetles、cylindrical  bark beetles。

系統分類學[编辑]

目前所使用的瘤擬步行蟲科級分類元定義主要來自史利賓斯基和勞倫斯於 1999 年 基於成蟲和幼生期形態所做的擬步行蟲總科系統發育分析[1],近年的分子系統發育分析研究則顯示本科可能並非單系群[2][3][4]

古昆蟲學[编辑]

目前所知的瘤擬步行蟲科化石紀錄相當稀少,多數化石紀錄來自波羅的海琥珀(始新世[5][6][7],最早的化石紀錄為來自上白堊紀緬甸琥珀的 Paleoendeitoma antennataPaleoendeitoma minuta(屬於細堅蟲亞科 Colydiinae)和 Cretomysteria burmanica (亞科未定論)[8]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Ślipiński, Stanisław Adam; Ślipiński, Stanisław Adam; Lawrence, John Francis; Lawrence, John Francis. Phylogeny and classification of Zopheridae sensu novo (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea) with a review of the genera of Zopherinae (excluding Monommatini). Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii PAN. 1999. 
  2. ^ Mckenna, Duane D.; Wild, Alexander L.; Kanda, Kojun; Bellamy, Charles L.; Beutel, Rolf G.; Caterino, Michael S.; Farnum, Charles W.; Hawks, David C.; Ivie, Michael A. The beetle tree of life reveals that Coleoptera survived end-Permian mass extinction to diversify during the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution. Systematic Entomology. 2015-10-01, 40 (4): 835–880. ISSN 1365-3113. doi:10.1111/syen.12132 (英语). 
  3. ^ Gunter, Nicole L.; Levkaničová, Zuzana; Weir, Tom H.; Ślipiński, Adam; Cameron, Stephen L.; Bocak, Ladislav. Towards a phylogeny of the Tenebrionoidea (Coleoptera). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 2014-10-01, 79: 305–312. ISSN 1055-7903. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.028 (英语). 
  4. ^ Bocak, Ladislav; Barton, Christopher; Crampton-Platt, Alex; Chesters, Douglas; Ahrens, Dirk; Vogler, Alfried P. Building the Coleoptera tree-of-life for >8000 species: composition of public DNA data and fit with Linnaean classification. Systematic Entomology. 2014-01-01, 39 (1): 97–110. ISSN 1365-3113. doi:10.1111/syen.12037 (英语). 
  5. ^ Alekseev, V.I. Lord, N.P.. A new species of Xylolaemus (Coleoptera: Zopheridae: Colydiinae) from Baltic amber. (PDF). Baltic journal of Coleopterology. 2014, 1 (14): 97–102. 
  6. ^ Alekseev, V.I. New cylindrical bark (Coleoptera: Zopheridae) from Baltic amber. (PDF). Baltic Journal of Coleopterology. 2015, 1 (15): 17–24. 
  7. ^ Alekseev, Vitalii I.; Bukejs, Andris. New Zopheridae (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea) from Baltic amber. Zootaxa. 2016-10-25, 4178 (3): 409–427. ISSN 1175-5334. PMID 27811716. 
  8. ^ Deng, Congshuang; Ślipiński, Adam; Ren, Dong; Pang, Hong. The first Mesozoic colydiid beetles (Coleoptera: Zopheridae: Colydiinae) from the Upper Cretaceous amber of Myanmar. Cretaceous Research. 2017-10-01, 78 (Supplement C): 71–77. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2017.04.010.