百老匯劇院

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百老匯劇院是指包括在美國紐約曼克頓劇院區域英语Theater District, New York以及林肯中心一帶的劇院,其中有39間大型專業劇院擁有超過500座位。因為劇院大多數皆在百老匯街道附近的地方,故被統稱為百老匯劇院。百老匯以演出音樂劇著名,亦常常有戲劇歌劇舞蹈等等的表演,和倫敦的西區劇院(West End)同為英語世界中最著名的劇院區域。

百老匯劇院區域是紐約巿的重要旅遊景點。據百老匯聯會英语Broadway League統計,百老匯在2009年到2010年的劇季的票房收益大約是$10.2億美金。

百老匯劇院以地理和受大眾歡迎的程度分為三種,分別是百老匯音樂劇(Broadway),外百老匯音樂劇(Off Broadway),外外百老匯音樂劇(Off Off Broadway,或譯「第三戏剧(界)」、「先锋派戏剧」)[1]。外外百老匯音樂劇有相當多實驗戲劇的形式,也最便宜,如果票房很好,就會被移到外百老匯加強宣傳,而只有受到大眾歡迎、票房非常好的才會在內百老匯上演。在地理上來說,在紐約百老滙大街上,44街至53街之间的剧院称为內百老匯(也就是百老匯),而百老匯大街41街和56街上的剧院则称为外百老匯。[2]

歷史[编辑]

紐約在大約1750年開始建成第一座劇院,二十世紀音樂劇的發展開始蓬勃,直至如今百老匯已經成為劇院林立的區域。雖然其間經歷1919年美國演員權益協會英语Actors' Equity Association罷工、1920年代電影業、二次世界大戰經濟大蕭條等的挑戰。

演藝人員[编辑]

作品[编辑]

劇院列表[编辑]

劇院 地址 座位數目
Ambassador Theatre 219 West 49th Street 1125
American Airlines Theatre 229 West 42nd Street 740
Brooks Atkinson Theatre 256 West 47th Street 1044
Ethel Barrymore Theatre 243 West 47th Street 1096
Vivian Beaumont Theatre (位於林肯中心) 150 West 65th Street 1080
Belasco Theatre 111 West 44th Street 1018
Booth Theatre 222 West 45th Street 785
Broadhurst Theatre 235 West 44th Street 1186
The Broadway Theatre 1681 Broadway 1752
Circle in the Square Theatre 235 West 50th Street 623
Cort Theatre 138 West 48th Street 1084
Samuel J. Friedman Theatre 261 West 47th Street 650
George Gershwin Theatre 222 West 51st Street英语51st Street (Manhattan) 1933
John Golden Theatre 252 West 45th Street 805
Helen Hayes Theatre 240 West 44th Street 597
Hilton Theatre 213 West 42nd Street 1813
Al Hirschfeld Theatre 302 West 45th Street 1437
Imperial Theatre 249 West 45th Street 1421
Bernard B. Jacobs Theatre 242 West 45th Street 1078
Walter Kerr Theatre 219 West 48th Street 947
Longacre Theatre 220 West 48th Street 109
Lunt-Fontanne Theatre 205 West 46th Street 1475
Lyceum Theatre 149 West 45th Street 924
Majestic Theatre 247 West 44th Street 1655
Marquis Theatre 1535 Broadway 1604
Minskoff Theatre 200 West 45th Street 1710
Music Box Theatre 239 West 45th Street 1010
Nederlander Theatre 208 West 41st Street 1203
New Amsterdam Theatre 214 West 42nd Street 1747
Eugene O'Neill Theatre 230 West 49th Street 1108
Palace Theatre 1564 Broadway 1784
Richard Rodgers Theatre 226 West 46th Street 1368
Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre 236 West 45th Street 1079
Shubert Theatre 225 West 44th Street 1521
Neil Simon Theatre 250 West 52nd Street 1297
St. James Theatre 246 West 44th Street 1623
Studio 54 254 West 54th Street 920
August Wilson Theatre 245 West 52nd Street 1275
Winter Garden Theatre 1634 Broadway 1513

References[编辑]