硝酸四乙腈合铜(I)

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硝酸四乙腈合铜(I)
英文名 Tetrakis(acetonitrile)copper(I) nitrate
识别
CAS号 37847-53-3  ✓
性质
化学式 [Cu(CH3CN)4]NO3
外观 无色晶体
熔点 79~81 °C[1]
若非注明,所有数据均出自一般条件(25 ℃,100 kPa)下。

硝酸四乙腈合铜(I)是一种配位化合物,化学式[Cu(CH3CN)4]NO3

制备及性质[编辑]

硝酸四乙腈合铜(I)可由粉和硝酸银乙腈溶液反应得到。[2]硝酸铜和铜在热的乙腈中反应亦可得到硝酸四乙腈合铜(I)。[3]它在失去溶剂分子时即发生歧化反应:[2]

2 [Cu(CH3CN)4]NO3 → [Cu(CH3CN)4](NO3)2 + Cu + 4 CH3CN

其乙腈溶液可以和硫脲2,9-二甲基-1,10-菲啰啉发生配体取代反应,得到相应的配合物[Cu(TU)n]NO3(n=2或4)及[Cu(Me2Phen)2]NO3[3]

纯净的硝酸亚铜目前尚属未知,仅获得过其配合物。[1][4]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 B. J. Hathaway, D. G. Holah, J. D. Postlethwaite. 630. The preparation and properties of some tetrakis(methylcyanide)copper(I) complexes. Journal of the Chemical Society (Resumed). 1961: 3215 [2019-06-18]. ISSN 0368-1769. doi:10.1039/jr9610003215 (英语). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Howard Houlston Morgan. CCCXLII.—Preparation and stability of cuprous nitrate and other cuprous salts in presence of nitriles. J. Chem. Soc., Trans. 1923, 123 (0): 2901–2907 [2019-06-18]. ISSN 0368-1645. doi:10.1039/CT9232302901 (英语). 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Dip Singh Gill, Dilbag Rana. Preparation of Some Novel Copper(I) Complexes and their Molar Conductances in Organic Solvents. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A. 2009-01-01, 64 (3-4) [2019-06-18]. ISSN 1865-7109. doi:10.1515/zna-2009-3-416. 
  4. ^ Kofman, L. S.; Vinogradova, V. S.; Lukashina, V. M. Isolation of diene hydrocarbons by chemisorption with aqueous pyridine solutions of monovalent copper salts. III. Isolation of isoprene with a solution of cuprous nitrate. Sintez Monomerov dlya Proizvodstv Sintet. Kauchuka, Gosudarst. Inst. po Proekt. Zavodov Kauchuk. Prom. i Vsesoyuz. Nauch.-Issledovatel Inst. Sintet. Kauchuka, 1960: 103-112. CAN56: 52810