社会主义下人的灵魂

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社会主义下人的灵魂The Soul of Man under Socialism)是1891年奥斯卡·王尔德创作的一篇散文。在这篇散文当中,王尔德阐释了自由意志社会主义的世界观以及对慈善的批判[1]。王尔德读了彼得·阿列克谢耶维奇·克鲁泡特金的作品后转向了无政府主义哲学,从而创造了此文。[2]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ "The most ambitious contribution to literary anarchism during the 1890s was undoubtedly Oscar Wilde The Soul of Man Under Socialism. Wilde, as we have seen, declared himself an anarchist on at least one occasion during the 1890s, and he greatly admired Kropotkin, whom he had met. Later, in De Profundis, he described Kropotkin's life as one "of the most perfect lives I have come across in my own experience" and talked of him as "a man with a soul of that beautiful white Christ that seems coming out of Russia." But in The Soul of Man Under Socialism, which appeared in 1890, it is Godwin rather than Kropotkin whose influence seems dominant." George Woodcock: Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements. 1962. (pg. 447)
  2. ^ "In England, the Irish poet and dramatist Oscar Wilde declared himself an anarchist and, under Kropotkin's inspiration, wrote the essay 'The Soul of Man Under Socialism'" — "Anarchism as a movement, 1870–1940", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2007