福音 (耶稣)

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索

基督宗教福音古英语gospel),是指神的國來到的好消息(馬可福音1:14-15),當中耶穌基督成為除去世人罪孽的代罪羔羊、受難並且復活英语Resurrection appearances of Jesus。這個好消息在於人只要用信心接受赦罪,就能得救[1][2] 福音也可以指神賜聖靈給一切相信的人,以及耶稣再临

在新約聖經的四福音書有關於福音的描述。而許多新約書信中有描述福音的神學信息。依新約聖經的觀點,福音是神拯救人的計劃,因著耶穌的受難及復活,贖了世人的罪,恢復神和人之間的關係。

基督教神學認為基督耶穌拯救人的福音不是在新約聖經中才出現的內容,在舊約聖經中即有提及,最早可以回推到創世記中記載人的墮落英语Fall of man的時候(創世紀3:14-15)[3][4][5][6]

使徒保羅認為福音就是耶穌基督的死亡、埋葬及復活[7]

字源[编辑]

福音的通用希臘語εὐαγγέλιον euangélion(εὖ "good" + ἄγγελος ángelos "messenger" + -ιον -ion 指小字根) 英文翻譯為Good News(好消息)。此希希臘語在武加大译本拉丁化為]evangelium,翻譯為拉丁文是bona annuntiatio

古英文中翻譯為gōdspelgōd "good" + spel "news"),在中古英語聖經譯本英语Middle English Bible translations中為gospel,也是現在英文中用的詞語。有關耶穌生平及教導的聖經紀錄也稱為福音书[8]

相關條目[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 羅馬書》一章16至17節,「這福音本是神的大能,要救一切相信的,先是猶太人,後是希臘人。因為神的義正在這福音上顯明出來,這義是本於信以至於信,如經上所記:『義人必因信得生。』」
  2. ^ 協同信條》(1577)「嚴格來說,福音的內容乃是:要從上帝獲得赦罪,人應當相信上帝的兒子 - 我們的主基督 - 曾親身擔負律法的咒詛,補贖償還我們一切的罪孽,以致唯獨藉基督我們再領受上帝恩典,藉信心獲得赦罪,脫離死亡及罪的一切刑罰而永享救恩。凡賜安慰和上帝慈悲及恩惠給違反律法者,可嚴格稱為福音,即佳美歡樂的信息:上帝不願意刑罰罪過,願因基督的緣故赦免罪。」
  3. ^ The Proto-Gospel, by R. C. Sproul.
  4. ^ Luther and the Christology of the Old Testament, by Dr. Raymond F. Surburg, p14, saying: "Messianic prophecy has its origin in Genesis 3:15, which has been called the "protevangelium," the first Gospel promise. It was spoken by the LORD God ( יְהוָה אֱלֹהִם ) to the Serpent, used by Satan, in the hearing of Adam and Eve."
  5. ^ The Lutheran Study Bible, p20, "3:15...This points to Christ and His defeat of Satan on the cross, and for this reason this verse is often called the 'protevangelium' (the first promise of the Gospel)"
  6. ^ Worldwide Mission: The Work of the Triune God, by Dr. Paul Peter, p3, saying "After the Fall of man (Gen. 3) and its dire results, the loss of Paradise (3:23f.), death by sin (3:3; Rom. 5:12), and the cursing of the ground (3:17), preceded by the Protevangelium (3:15), the first revelation of the missio Dei, the Scriptures continue with the generations of Adam and the names of all the patriarchs from Adam to Noah..."
  7. ^ I 哥林多前書 15:1-4
  8. ^ Evangelism is the spreading of the evangelium, i.e. Christian proselytization, see also the Great Commission. Evangelicalism is a 20th century branch of Protestantism that emphasizes the reception of the "good news" by the individual (see also Low church), in contrast to the traditional and historical emphasis on the communal aspect of the Church's guardianship of the authentic Gospel (see also High church) as crucial to the salvation of the faithful (Extra Ecclesiam nulla salus).