穆哈吉爾人

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穆哈吉爾人烏爾都語:مہاجر,拉丁化拼寫作Muhajir、Mahajir 或 Mohajir 等)[1][2][3][4]是由多民族混合而成的穆斯林移民和難民,以及他們在印巴分治後從印度各地遷移至新成立的巴基斯坦的的後裔。[5][6][7][8][9] 該詞指的是來自印度的穆斯林移民,他們大多定居在信德的城市地區,取代了當地的信德人。他们是印裔巴基斯坦人的一部分。[10]

他們主要使用的語言有烏爾都語[11][12][13]拉賈斯坦語[14][15]等。

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Turning point in Pakistan's Mohajir nationalism. The Economic Times. 2020-06-26 [2021-09-06]. (原始内容存档于2022-07-02) (美国英语). 
  2. ^ Sindhis and Mohajirs. Minority Rights Group. [2021-09-06]. (原始内容存档于2022-07-09) (英国英语). 
  3. ^ Sareen, Kriti M. Shah and Sushant. The Mohajir: Identity and politics in multiethnic Pakistan. ORF. [2021-09-06]. (原始内容存档于2022-07-03) (美国英语). 
  4. ^ Are Mohajirs Pakistan's Jews?. The New Indian Express. [2021-09-06]. (原始内容存档于2022-07-03). 
  5. ^ Nadeem F. Paracha. The evolution of Mohajir politics and identity. dawn.com. 20 April 2014 [17 June 2015]. (原始内容存档于17 June 2015). 
  6. ^ Karachi Bloodbath: It is Mohajir Vs Pushtuns. Rediff. 20 September 2011 [17 June 2015]. (原始内容存档于17 June 2015). 
  7. ^ Don't label me 'Mohajir'. tribune.com.pk. [17 June 2015]. (原始内容存档于17 June 2015). 
  8. ^ 'Mohajir card' – all key parties contesting by-polls using it. The News International, Pakistan. 20 April 2015 [17 June 2015]. (原始内容存档于17 June 2015). 
  9. ^ Dr Niaz Murtaza. The Mohajir question. dawn.com. 23 January 2014 [17 June 2015]. (原始内容存档于17 June 2015). 
  10. ^ Javaid Rehman. The Weaknesses in the International Protection of Minority Rights. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. 13 April 2000: 215–. ISBN 90-411-1350-9. 
  11. ^ West, Barbara A. Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania. Infobase Publishing. 2010-05-19 [2022-02-10]. ISBN 978-1-4381-1913-7. (原始内容存档于2022-07-01) (英语). 
  12. ^ Organiser. Bri Bhushan for Bharat Prakashan (Delhi) Limited. 1989-07 [2022-02-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-07-03) (英语). 
  13. ^ Butt, Allah Rakhio. Papers on Sindhi Language & Linguistics. Institute of Sindhology, University of Sindh. 1998 [2022-02-10]. ISBN 978-969-405-050-8. (原始内容存档于2022-07-01) (英语). 
  14. ^ The Gazetteer of West Pakistan: The Former Province of Sind Including Khairpur State. Gazetteer Cell, Board of Revenue. 1968 [2022-02-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-07-03) (英语). 
  15. ^ Wilder, Andrew. The Pakistani Voter, Electoral Politics and Voting Behaviour in the Punjab. Oxford University Press. 1999 [2022-02-10]. ISBN 978-0-19-579072-6. (原始内容存档于2022-07-03) (英语).