^Barry Beyerstein Q&A. Ask the Scientists. Scientific American Frontiers. [2008-02-22]. "they simply interpret the way we form these various features on the page in much the same way ancient oracles interpreted the entrails of oxen or smoke in the air. I.e., it's a kind of magical divination or fortune telling where 'like begets like.'"
^The use of graphology as a tool for employee hiring and evaluation. British Columbia Civil Liberties Association. 1988 [2008-02-22]. （原始内容存档于2008-02-17）. "On the other hand, in properly controlled, blind studies, where the handwriting samples contain no content that could provide non-graphological information upon which to base a prediction (e.g., a piece copied from a magazine), graphologists do no better than chance at predicting the personality traits"
^entry in The Skeptic Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience.
^Thomas, John A. Graphology Fact Sheet. North Texas Skeptics. 2002 [2008-02-22]. "In summary, then, it seems that graphology as currently practiced is a typical pseudoscience and has no place in character assessment or employment practice. There is no good scientific evidence to justify its use, and the graphologists do not seem about to come up with any."
^Driver, Russel H.; M. Ronald Buckley and Dwight D. Frink, Should We Write Off Graphology?, International Journal of Selection and Assessment, April 1996, 4 (2): 78–86, doi:10.1111/j.1468-2389.1996.tb00062.x.引文使用过时参数coauthors (帮助);使用|accessdate=需要含有|url= (帮助)
^Furnham, Adrian; Barrie Gunter, Graphology and Personality: Another Failure to Validate Graphological Analysis., Personality and Individual Differences, 1987, 8 (3): 433–435, doi:10.1016/0191-8869(87)90045-6.引文使用过时参数coauthors (帮助)
^Roy N. King and Derek J. Koehler, Illusory Correlations in Graphological Inference, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2000, 6 (4): 336–348, doi:10.1037/1076-898X.6.4.336.
^Fluckiger, Fritz A, Tripp, Clarence A & Weinberg, George H, A Review of Experimental Research in Graphology: 1933 - 1960, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1961, 12: 67–90, doi:10.2466/PMS.12.1.67-90.
^Lockowandte, Oskar, Lockowandte, Oskar Present status of the investigation of handwriting psychology as a diagnostic method, Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 1976, (6): 4–5.
^Nevo, B Scientific Aspects Of Graphology: A Handbook Springfield, IL: Thomas: 1986