約翰·托比

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約翰·托比
出生 (1952-07-26) 1952年7月26日67歲)
知名于 演化心理學

約翰·托比(英語:John Tooby,1952年7月26日)是美國人類學家,幫助心理學家妻子勒達·科斯米德斯一起開拓演化心理學領域。[1][2]

生平[编辑]

出生於明尼蘇達州聖保羅。1989年獲得哈佛大學生物人類學博士學位,現為加利福尼亞大學聖塔芭芭拉分校人類學教授。1992年他與勒達·科斯米德斯、杰羅姆·巴考共同著作《適應的心靈英语The Adapted Mind》。他與勒達·科斯米德斯共同創辦和指導演化心理學中心英语Center for Evolutionary Psychology。他目前正在編寫一本關於有性生殖和遺傳系統演變的書。[3]

參考文書[编辑]

書籍:

  • Barkow, J., Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J., (Eds.) (1992). The adapted mind: Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (in press). Evolutionary psychology: Foundational papers. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J. (in press). Universal Minds: Explaining the new science of evolutionary psychology(Darwinism Today Series). London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

文件:

  • Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J. (1981). Cytoplasmic inheritance and intragenomic conflict. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 89, 83-129.
  • Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J. (1987). From evolution to behavior: Evolutionary psychology as the missing link. In J. Dupre (Ed.), The latest on the best: Essays on evolution and optimality. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (1990). The past explains the present: Emotional adaptations and the structure of ancestral environments. Ethology and Sociobiology, 11, 375-424.
  • Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J. (1992) Cognitive adaptations for social exchange. In J. Barkow, L. Cosmides, & J. Tooby (Eds.), The adapted mind: Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J. (1994). Beyond intuition and instinct blindness: Toward an evolutionarily rigorous cognitive science. Cognition, 50(1-3), 41-77.
  • Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J. (2003). Evolutionary psychology: Theoretical Foundations. In Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. London: Macmillan.
  • Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (2005). Evolutionary psychology: Conceptual foundations. In D. M. Buss (Ed.), Evolutionary Psychology Handbook. New York: Wiley.

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參考文獻[编辑]

  1. David Buss, in the textbook Evolutionary Psychology (Allyn & Bacon, 1999), pp. xxi-xxii: "In the writing of this book I owe the greatest intellectual debt to Leda Cosmides, John Tooby, Don Symons, Martin Daly, and Margo Wilson, pioneers and founders of the emerging field of evolutionary psychology."
  2. See also Geoffrey Miller, "How to Keep Our Meta-Theories Adaptive: Beyond Cosmides, Tooby, and Lakatos" Psychological Inquiry 11:1 (2000), p. 42: "For a young science barely a decade old, evolutionary psychology has achieved a remarkably strong metatheoretical consensus. [...] [E]volutionary psychology's metatheory was also shaped very strongly by a series of ambitious, persuasive, and visionary articles by Cosmides and Tooby in the late 1980s and early 1990s that showed how adaptationism could be applied to the human mind. The Cosmides-Tooby vision of evolutionary psychology profoundly influenced the thinking of other leading researchers, such as Buss, Gigerenzer, Pinker, and Thornhill. It was also adopted as the conceptual framework in the most influential popular accounts of evolutionary psychology."
  3. Last line of introductory paragraph on John Tooby's personal web page http://www.anth.ucsb.edu/faculty/tooby/