本页使用了标题或全文手工转换

紫菜包饭

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索
紫菜包饭
Vegetable gimbap.jpg
一盘紫菜包饭切片
朝鲜语名稱
諺文김밥
汉字김飯
文观部式gimbap
马-赖式kimbap

紫菜卷[1](韓語:김밥)是一种流行的朝鲜食品[2],是将蒸熟的白米饭和各种其他材料卷进紫菜中,再切成一块块供应。[3]紫菜包饭通常在野餐或户外活动时吃,或作为简便的午餐,佐以萝卜干泡菜[4]

18世紀左右的日本壽司(歌川廣重

朝鮮日治時期,日本的卷壽司傳入朝鮮半島[5][6][7][8][9]。朝鲜人在日本寿司的基础上发展出紫菜包饭。雖然外型跟日本壽司卷相像,紫菜包饭在調味或製作上的主要差異存在于,一,紫菜包饭的海苔通常会用芝麻香油均勻的抹在上面以散發香味,二,米飯通常為原味而不會加醋調味。三,餡料日本多使用魚肉,韓國則是以豬肉為主,並會加辣醬或泡菜等辛辣食材。

小卷的紫菜包饭通常并不切片。另外紫菜包饭也有类似日式饭团的变种,称三角紫菜包饭(韓語:삼각김밥/三角김飯)。

紫菜捲飯在韓國很便宜且容易買到,一般在韓國的小吃店等地中,1000至2000韓元左右就可以買到紫菜捲飯。紫菜包饭品种众多,老少皆宜。所以很受东南亚地区人们的欢迎。

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ (朝鲜语) 주요 한식명(200개) 로마자 표기 및 번역(영, 중, 일) 표준안 (PDF). 韩国国立国语院. 2014-07-30 [2017-02-15]. 
  2. ^ Kimbap, excerpt from Andrew J. Luxner's American English: A Teachers's Journey in Seoul, South Korea. Golden Hill Books, San Diego. ISBN 0-9760748-1-8
  3. ^ Gimbap, 斗山世界大百科(韓文)
  4. ^ Gimbap 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2012-03-24., Encyclopedia of Korean Culture(韓文)
  5. ^ Levinson, David; Christensen, Karen. Encyclopedia of Modern Asia: China-India relations to Hyogo. Charles Scribner's Sons. 2002. ISBN 0-684-80617-7. This process was initiated during the Japanese occupation (1910-1945), when Western food and drink, such as bread, confectionery, and beer, became popular in Korean cities, and a Western-style food processing industry in Korea began. Some Japanese food items were also adopted into Korean cuisine at that time, such as tosirak (the assorted lunch box) and sushi rolled in sheets of seaweed, which was popular in Korea under the name of kimbap. 
  6. ^ Brunner, Anne. Algas/ Algae: Sabores Marinos Para Cocinar/ Marine Flavors for Cooking. Editorial HISPANO EUROPEA. 2011. ISBN 84-255-1977-2 (西班牙语). En Corea, los gimbaps son derivados de los maki sushis japoneses, pero generalmente están rellenos de arroz con aceite de sésamo y carne. [In Korea, gimbaps are derived from the Japanese maki sushi, but they are usually stuffed with rice with sesame oil and meat.] 
  7. ^ 김밥 [Gimbap]. 한국민족문화대백과[Encyclopedia of Korean National Culture]. (原始内容存档于24 March 2012) (韩语). 일본음식 김초밥에서 유래된 것으로 [(Gimbap is) derived from Japanese norimaki] 
  8. ^ 국립국어연구원 [National Institute of Korean languages]. 우리 문화 길라 잡이: 한국인 이 꼭 알아야할 전통 문화 233가지 [Guide To Our Culture: 233 kinds of Korean traditional culture for you to know]. 학고재 [Hakgojae]. 2002: 479. ISBN 89-85846-97-3 (韩语). 일본 음식인 김초밥 에서 유래 한 것으로 [(Gimbap is) derived from Japanese norimaki] 
  9. ^ Gimbap. Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism Korea. (原始内容存档于2016年6月6日) (韩语). 일본음식에서 유래된 것으로 [(海苔飯捲)由日式食物演變而來 ]