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綃蝶族

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綃蝶族
寬紋黑脈綃蝶Greta morgane oto
寬紋黑脈綃蝶
Greta morgane oto
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 節肢動物門 Arthropoda
綱: 昆蟲綱 Insecta
目: 鱗翅目 Lepidoptera
科: 蛺蝶科 Nymphalidae
亞科: 斑蝶亞科 Danainae
族: 綃蝶族 Ithomiini
亞族與屬

共約8個亞族和45個屬[1]
詳見正文。

xiāo蝶族學名Ithomiini)是斑蝶亞科中的一個。只分佈於新熱帶界低於3,000海拔的潮濕的森林。共有40多個,包含約370個品種

分類[编辑]

蘋綃蝶亞族 Melinaeina

曉綃蝶亞族 Tithoreina

裙綃蝶亞族 Mechanitina

(單系演化支)

(新演化支)

綃蝶亞族 Ithomiina

娜綃蝶亞族 Napeogenina

油綃蝶亞族 Oleriina

泉綃蝶亞族 Dircennina

鮫綃蝶亞族 Godyridina

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Brower, Andrew V. Z. and Chris Jiggins. 2010. Ithomiini Doherty 1891. Clearwing Butterflies. Version 21 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Ithomiini/27570/2010.07.21 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/
  • Brower A. V. Z., A. V. L. Freitas, M.-M. Lee, K. L. Silva-Brandao, A. Whinnett, and K. R. Willmott. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the Ithomiini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from one mitchondrial and two nuclear gene regions. Syst. Ent. 31: 288-301.
  • Brown, K. S. 1984. Adult-obtained pyrrolizidine alkaloids defend ithomiine butterflies against a spider predator. Nature (London) 309:707-709.
  • Brown, K. S. 1984. Chemical ecology of dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids in adult Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Rev. Brasil. Biol. 44:435-460.
  • Brown, K. S. 1987. Chemistry at the Solanaceae/Ithomiinae interface. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 74:341-358.
  • Brown, K. S., and A. V. L. Freitas. 1994. Juvenile stages of Ithomiinae: overview and systematics (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Tropical Lepidoptera 5:9-20.
  • De Silva, D. L., Day, J. J., Elias, M., Willmott, K., Whinnett, A. & Mallet, J. 2010. Molecular phylogenetics of the neotropical butterfly subtribe Oleriina (Nymphalidae: Danaini: Ithomiini). Mol. Phhylogenet. Evol. 55, 1032-1041.
  • Fox, R. M. 1940. A generic review of the Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 66:161-207.
  • Fox, R. M. 1968. Ithomiidae (Lepidoptera: Nymphaloidea) of Central America. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 94:155-208.
  • Lamas, G. 2004. Ithomiinae in J. B. Heppner, ed. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A. Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. Association for Tropical Lepidoptera/Scientific Publishers, Gainsville.
  • Mallarino, R., E. Bermingham, K. R. Willmott, A. Whinnett, and C. D. Jiggins. 2004. Molecular systematics of the butterfly genus Ithomia (Lepidoptera: Ithomiinae): a composite phylogenetic hypothesis based on seven genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34:625-644.
  • Willmott, K. R. and A. L. V. Freitas. 2006. Higher-level phylogeny of the Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) : classification, patterns of larval hostplant colonization and diversification. Cladistics 22: 297-368.
  • 寿建新 周尧 李宇飞. 世界蝴蝶分類名錄. 中國: 陝西科學技術出版社. 2006-04-01. ISBN 9787536936768 (簡體中文).