纳粹劫掠

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1944年,在羅馬威尼斯宫一德國士兵拿著一幅取自拿坡里國立考古博物館喬瓦尼·保羅·帕尼尼英语Giovanni Paolo Panini繪的《波旁王朝的查理三世在羅馬的奎里納萊咖啡館拜訪教皇本篤十四世》(Carlo III di Borbone che visita il papa Benedetto XIV nella coffee-house del Quirinale a Roma)畫作。

纳粹劫掠艺术品(德語:Raubkunst),是納粹德國盜竊藝術品及其他物品的有組織搶劫行為。特別是掠奪波蘭猶太人的財產。掠奪從1933年開始,從沒收德國猶太人的財產開始,直到二戰結束。除了外,還掠奪各重要文化物品,包括繪畫、陶瓷、書籍、宗教珍品,特別是被稱為「藝術保護英语Kunstschutz」的軍事單位「盜取」最多。

參考[编辑]

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進一步閱讀[编辑]

  • Campbell, E. (2020). Claiming National Heritage: State Appropriation of Nazi Art Plunder in Postwar Western Europe. Journal of Contemporary History.
  • Edsel, Robert M. (Contributions by Brett Witter) (2009). Monuments Men: Allied Heroes, Nazi Thieves and the Greatest Treasure Hunt in History. Center Street. ISBN 978-1-59995-149-2
  • Edsel, Robert M. Rescuing Da Vinci. Laurel Publishing. 2006. ISBN 0-9774349-0-7. 
  • Aly, Götz (2007). Hitler's Beneficiaries: Plunder, Racial War, and the Nazi Welfare State. Metropolitan Books. ISBN 978-0-8050-7926-5
  • Feliciano, Hector (1997). The Lost Museum. New York: Harper Collins.
  • Hadden, R. L. (2008). "The Heringen Collection of the US Geological Survey Library, Reston, Virginia". Earth Sciences History Journal of the History of the Earth Sciences Society v.27, n.2, pp. 242–265.
  • Harclerode, Peter and Pittaway, Brendan (1999). The Lost Masters: WWII and the Looting of Europe's Treasurehouses. London: Orion Books.
  • Löhr, Hanns Christian (2005): Das Braune Haus der Kunst: Hitler und der Sonderauftrag Linz, Akademie-Verlag,ISBN 3-05-004156-0
  • Löhr, Hanns Christian (2018): Kunst als Waffe – Der Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg, Ideologie und Kunstraub im „Dritten Reich“, Gebr. Mann, ISBN 978-3-7861-2806-9.
  • Nicholas, Lynn (1994). The Rape of Europa. London: Macmillan Publishers.
  • O'Connor, Anne-Marie (2012). The Lady in Gold, The Extraordinary Tale of Gustav Klimt's Masterpiece, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, ISBN 0-307-26564-1.
  • OSS Report: Activity of the Einsatzstab Rosenberg in France, 15 August 1945
  • Petropoulos, Jonathan (1996). Art as Politics in the Third Reich. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
  • Petropoulos, Jonathan (2000). The Faustian Bargain: The Art World in Nazi Germany. London: Penguin Press.
  • Roxan, David; Wanstall, Ken. The Rape of Art: The Story of Hitler's Plunder of the Great Masterpieces of Europe. New York: Coward-McCann. 1965. OCLC 846620. 
  • Schwarz, Birgit (2004). Hitler's Museum. Die Fotoalben Gemäldegalerie Linz, Wien, Böhlau Verlag. ISBN 3-205-77054-4
  • Simpson, Elizabeth (1997). The Spoils of War – World War II and Its Aftermath: The Loss, Reappearance, and Recovery of Cultural Property. New York: Harry N. Abrams in association with the Bard Graduate Center.
  • Slany, William Z. "U.S. Interagency Report on U.S. and Allied Wartime and Post Postwar Relations and Negotiations with Argentina, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and Turkey on Looted Gold and German External Assets." American University International Law Review 14, no. 1 (1998): 147–153.
  • Yeide, Nancy H. (2009). Beyond Dreams of Avarice: The Hermann Göring Collection. Laurel Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9774349-1-6 (Foreword by Robert M. Edsel)

外部鏈接[编辑]