美国民族主义

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美国民族主义是指美国境內出現的公民民族主義文化民族主义經濟民族主義以及族裔民族主义[1]

历史[编辑]

殖民地時期[编辑]

大不列顛王國於17世纪和18世纪初在北美建立了十三殖民地。當時很多人都认同英国,不過到了18 世纪中叶,“美国人”一詞開始出現,殖民地上的國族認同開始有了變化。美國革命美利堅合眾國成立[2]

現代[编辑]

2001年的九一一袭击事件助長了美國國內的民族主義情緒。不少美國人加入了反恐战争的行列,甚至中产阶级和上层阶级的公民也參軍入伍。[3]这种民族主义高潮一直持续到阿富汗战争伊拉克战争[4]

特朗普主义[编辑]

外界認為唐纳德·特朗普是一位民族主义者[5] ,他自己也接受這個說法。[6]他的政府也被人稱為“民族主义”政府。[7]

在特朗普时代,一些政治评论员例如安·庫爾特[8]Michelle Malkin英语Michelle Malkin[9]Lou Dobbs英语Lou Dobbs[10] 亚历克斯·琼斯[11]查爾斯·J·柯克英语Charlie Kirk (activist)[12]勞拉·英格拉漢姆[8] Michael Savage英语Michael Savage[13]塔克·卡尔森[14]Mike Cernovich英语Mike Cernovich [15]也被視為民族主義者。

參見[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Miscevic, Nenad. Zalta, Edward N. , 编. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University. March 31, 2018 [March 31, 2018]. 
  2. ^ Savelle, Max. Nationalism and Other Loyalties in the American Revolution. The American Historical Review. 1962, 67 (4): 901–923. JSTOR 1845245. doi:10.2307/1845245. 
  3. ^ The Demographics of Military Enlistment After 9/11. 
  4. ^ Sanger, David E. 1–5. 2012. 
  5. ^ Trump visits Poland and not everyone is happy about it. 今日美國. July 3, 2017. 
  6. ^ Trump: I Am A Nationalist In A True Sense. 真清晰政治. February 27, 2017. 
  7. ^ The White House struggle between Stephen Bannon and H.R. McMaster is apparently coming to a head. The Week英语The Week. August 14, 2017. 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 Brownstein, Ronald. Why Trump's Agenda Is Tilting in a More Conventional Direction. The Atlantic. 2017-04-16. 
  9. ^ Free speech continues to be squelched from left and right. Atlanta Journal-Constitution英语Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Atlanta). January 16, 2020. 
  10. ^ Donald Trump 'Cherishes' Lou Dobbs So Much He Puts Him on Speakerphone for Oval Office Meetings. 每日野獸. October 26, 2019. 
  11. ^ Donald Trump still calls Alex Jones for advice, claims the InfoWars founder and far right conspiracy theorist. The Independent. 2017-02-23. 
  12. ^ Stone, Peter. Money and misinformation: how Turning Point USA became a formidable pro-Trump force. 衛報. October 23, 2021 [26 October 2021]. 
  13. ^ Misunderstood Nationalist — Understanding Michael Savage. National Summary. [June 24, 2009]. (原始内容存档于January 22, 2008). 
  14. ^ Coppins, McKay. Tucker Carlson: The Bow-Tied Bard of Populism. The Atlantic. 2017-02-23. 
  15. ^ Stack, Liam. Who Is Mike Cernovich? A Guide. The New York Times. April 5, 2017.