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老圣西斯笃圣殿

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老圣西斯笃圣殿 (Basilica of San Sisto Vecchio,in Via Appia) 是罗马教堂中的60多个宗座圣殿之一, 领衔堂区自从公元600年.因此,它与樞機司鐸称号相关联。现任枢机是乌克兰瑪里安·雅沃爾斯基

该堂建于公元四世纪,称为“Titulus Crescentianae”,可能得名于建造教堂的一位罗马妇女。根据传统,该堂由教宗亚纳大削一世(399-401)创建。

该堂供奉圣教宗西斯笃二世 并收藏他的圣髑(在六世纪从聖卡利斯都墓窟转移到此)。

圣西斯笃于13世纪初由依諾增爵三世重建。现在的教堂是18世纪教宗本笃十三世修复的结果,只保留了中世纪教堂的钟楼和后殿。13世纪的壁画,描绘了新约圣经中的场景。

在1220年代,何諾三世将老圣西斯笃修道院交给道明会,将其作为罗马妇女宗教生活改革的一部分。1219年,何諾三世邀请道明和他的同伴住进聖撒比納聖殿,他们在1220年初就这样做了,随后创建了修道院。1222年6月5日,成立了罗马最初的道明会学校,后来发展为16世纪在神庙遗址圣母堂的圣多玛斯学院以及宗座圣多玛斯大学[1]

道明会修女仍然占据老圣西斯笃的修道院。[2]

历任枢机[编辑]

  • 龚品梅(1991.06.30 - 2000.03.12),中国

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ Pierre Mandonnet, O.P., St. Dominic and His Work, Translated by Sister Mary Benedicta Larkin, O.P., B. Herder Book Co., St. Louis/London, 1948, Chapt. III, note 50: "If the installation at Santa Sabina does not date from 1220, at least it is from 1221. The official grant was made only in June, 1222 (Bullarium O.P., I, 15). But the terms of the papal bull show that there had been a concession earlier. Before that concession, the Pope said, the friars had no hospitium in Rome. At that time St. Sixtus was no longer theirs; Conrad of Metz could not have alluded to St. Sixtus, therefore, when he said in 1221: "the Pope has conferred on them a house in Rome" (Laurent no. 136). It is possible that the Pope was waiting for the completion of the building that he was having done at Santa Sabina, before giving the title to the property, on June 5, 1222, to the new Master of the Order, elected not many days before." Archived copy. [2013-02-07]. (原始内容存档于2012-06-18).  Accessed 2012-5-20.
  2. ^ Stazione a San Sisto "Vecchio". Stazioni Quaresimali. Pontificia Accademia Cultorum Martyrum. [March 3, 2016]. (原始内容存档于March 6, 2016). 

坐标41°52′49″N 12°29′46″E / 41.8804°N 12.496°E / 41.8804; 12.496