联合基督教会

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索

联合基督教会[1]United Church of Christ,縮寫為 UCC)是美国的主流新教(Oldline Protestant)教會之一,主要遵循改革宗的傳統,但在历史上也深受信義宗的影响,教會體制主要是會眾制又帶有些許長老制的特點(Covenantal Polity)[2],其總部在克里夫蘭

联合基督教会是一間偏向自由主義神學的教會,支持民權女權墮胎權和LGBT權利。在2009年,联合基督教会是少数公開支持同性婚姻的教會,并且为同性伴侶举行宗教祝福儀式的教会之一[3]。不過UCC採取會眾制,各會堂在教義和會務上保有高度的獨立自主權,不必然採取和總會決議一致的立場[4]

UCC參與普世教會協會以及世界改革宗聯會英语World Communion of Reformed Churches(World Communion of Reformed Churches),並和基督會(Disciples of Christ)、美國歸正教會美國長老教會美國福音路德教會Union of Evangelical Churches英语Union of Evangelical Churches(德國)、加拿大聯合教會達成共融[5]。UCC重視和不同信仰傳統的對話[6],以及參與普世教會合一運動

在2017年,世界改革宗聯會英语World Communion of Reformed Churches投票決定採納《關於稱義教義的聯合聲明》,該聯合聲明由世界信義宗聯會英语Lutheran World Federation羅馬天主教會在1999年發表,宣稱雙方教會對「通過對基督的信念,憑藉的恩典稱義」這一觀點的一致[7]

历史[编辑]

联合基督教会是由Evangelical and Reformed Church英语Evangelical and Reformed Church(E&R)和Congregational Christian Churches英语Congregational Christian Churches(CC)在1957年联合而成的,这两个教都是由之前的一些小教會联合而成。UCC自我描述為「基督的、改革的、會眾的、福音的」(Christian, Reformed, Congregational and Evangelical)[8],其福音主義源自德國敬虔主義運動[9]社會福音運動進步主義的早期代表人物之一華盛頓·格拉登,是UCC的代表人物。

联合基督教会共有5320个大小规模不同的教堂,并且宣称有一百一十万信众,这些信众主要集中在美国[10]。美國前總統巴拉克·歐巴馬過去曾經是這個教會的成員。

信仰文件[编辑]

UCC將歷史上的信條、信仰聲明等文件,視為「信仰告白」(testimonies of faith),而非要求教義標準答案的「信仰測驗卷」(tests of faith)[11]。以下為該教會認為可表達其信仰的文件:

神學院[编辑]

  • 芝加哥神學院英语Chicago Theological Seminary (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Eden Theological Seminary (Webster Groves, Missouri and St. Louis, MO)
  • Lancaster Theological Seminary (Lancaster, Pennsylvania)
  • Pacific School of Religion (Berkeley, California)
  • United Theological Seminary of the Twin Cities (New Brighton, Minnesota)

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ 美国驻华大使馆将 United Church of Christ 翻译为联合基督教会,见此文:http://chinese.usembassy-china.org.cn/jl0100_immigration.html
  2. ^ United Church of Christ Constitution and Bylaws:「Within the United Church of Christ, the various expressions of the church relate to each other in a covenantal manner. Each expression of the church has responsibilities and rights in relation to the others, to the end that the whole church will seek God's will and be faithful to God's mission. Decisions are made in consultation and collaboration among the various parts of the structure. As members of the Body of Christ, each expression of the church is called to honor and respect the work and ministry of each other part. Each expression of the church listens, hears, and carefully considers the advise, counsel and requests of others. In this covenant, the various expressions of the United Church of Christ seek to walk together in all God's ways」
  3. ^ GOODSTEIN, LAURIE, Episcopal Bishops Give Ground on Gay Marriage, NY Times, 2009-07-15 [2010-01-22] 
  4. ^ Who are you calling liberal?. To be sure, many UCC members relish the denomination"s left-wing identity. A quick internet search reveals that a number of UCC churches use the words "liberal" or "progressive" to describe either their individual congregations or the denomination as a whole. But for the UCC"s more-conservative members and congregations, the L-word is akin to fingernails on a chalkboard. The 2001 International Congregational Life Survey, which included 21,000 UCC respondents from more than 800 congregations, found that UCC members were slightly more likely to self-identify as "conservative" rather than "liberal"—both theologically and politically. 
  5. ^ Ecumenical partnerships and relationships of full communion. 
  6. ^ Interfaith relations. 
  7. ^ Lutherans, Catholics, Methodists, Reformed and Anglicans “drawn into deeper communion”. anglicannews. 
  8. ^ What is the United Church of Christ?. 
  9. ^ The German Evangelical Movement. 
  10. ^ 2008 Annual Report. [2009-01-23]. 
  11. ^ Constitution and Bylaws. United Church of Christ. 

外部链接[编辑]

Membership Data:

Denominational Websites:

Websites of groups/caucuses with Executive Council Seats:

Websites of UCC-related groups (including professional associations and other caucuses):

Websites of unofficial but notable UCC groups (including dissent groups, renewal groups, and prophetic groups):