胡安·庞塞·德莱昂

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侯爵
胡安·庞塞·德莱昂
Juan Ponce de León
第一任波多黎各总督
任期
1509–1512-1515–1519
前任职位创立
继任Juan Ceron
个人资料
出生1474年
卡斯蒂利亚王国桑特尔瓦斯德坎波斯
逝世1521年7月
西属西印度群岛哈瓦那
国籍西班牙
宗教信仰罗马天主教
签名
胡安·庞塞·德莱昂埋骨地

胡安·庞塞·德莱昂(西班牙語:Juan Ponce de León,1474年-1521年7月[1],生于西班牙巴利亚多利德,死于古巴哈瓦那),文艺复兴时期西班牙探险家[2],他参加了对伊斯帕尼奥拉的征服,后成为博里基恩(今波多黎各)的总督[3]

参与过征服格拉纳达、同克里斯托弗·哥伦布第二次前往新大陆、他于1513年在佛罗里达附近海岸登陆,命名该地为圣奥古斯丁(今地址待考)[4],传闻他在美洲期间出境发现过青春之泉(Fountain of Youth),这一桥段被诸多游戏和电影引用,比如世紀帝國3神鬼奇航4

波多黎各首府圣胡安有一条主干道胡安·庞塞·德莱昂大道(也称25号高速)英语Avenida Juan Ponce de León就以其名作为纪念。

延伸阅读[编辑]

  • Allen, John Logan (1997). A New World Disclosed. University of Nebraska Press.
  • Arnade, Charles W. (1967). "Who Was Juan Ponce de León?" Tequesta, The Journal of the Historical Association of Southern Florida. XXVII, 29–58.
  • Davis, T. Frederick. (1935) "History of Juan Ponce de León's Voyages to Florida: Source Records." Florida Historical Society Quarterly. V14:1.
  • Fuson, Robert H. (2000). Juan Ponce de León and the Discovery of Puerto Rico and Florida. McDonald & Woodward Publishing Co.
  • Kessell, John L. (2003). Spain in the Southwest: A Narrative History of Colonial New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, and California. University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Lawson, Edward W. (1946). The Discovery of Florida and Its Discoverer Juan Ponce de León. Reprint, Kessenger Publishing.
  • Marley, David. (2008). Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the Western Hemisphere (2 Volumes). ABC-CLIO.
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot (1974). The European Discovery of America, The Southern Voyages. Oxford University Press.
  • Peck, Douglas T. (1993). Ponce de León and the Discovery of Florida: The Man, the Myth, and the Truth Pogo Press.
  • Salazar y Acha, Jaime de. Una Familia de la Alta Edad Media: Los Velas y su Realidad Histórica. Estudios Genealógicos y Heráldicos. Madrid: Asociación Española de Estudios Genealógicos y Heráldicos. 1985. ISBN 84-398-3591-4 (西班牙语). 
  • Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León, Margarita Cecilia. Linajes nobiliarios de León y Castilla: Siglos IX-XIII. Salamanca: Junta de Castilla y León, Consejería de educación y cultura. 1999. ISBN 84-7846-781-5 (西班牙语). 
  • Turner, Samuel P. (2012). "The Caribbean World of Juan Ponce de León and His Discovery of Florida". Paper presented at the Culturally La Florida Conference, May 3–6, St. Augustine, Florida.
  • Turner, Samuel (2013) "Juan Ponce de León and the Discovery of Florida Reconsidered" Florida Historical Quarterly 92(1):1–31.
  • Van Middeldyk, R. A. (1903). The History of Puerto Rico. D. Appleton and Co.
  • Weddle, Robert S. (1985). Spanish Sea: the Gulf Of Mexico in North American Discovery, 1500–1685. Texas A&M University Press.
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Juan Ponce de León. 天主教百科全書. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Morison, Samuel Eliot. The European Discovery of America: the Southern voyages A.D. 1492-1616. Oxford University Press. 1974: 502, 515. 
  2. ^ Cormack 1997:England
  3. ^ Andrew Numberg:Handbook to Life in Renaissance Europe.Sandra Sider 2005
  4. ^ Buisseret 1992:political applications