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脂联素

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ADIPOQ
PBB Protein ADIPOQ image.jpg
已知的結構
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
識別號
别名ADIPOQ;ACDC、​ACRP30、​ADIPQTL1、​ADPN、​APM-1、​APM1、​Adiponectin、​GBP28、​adiponectin, C1Q and collagen domain containing
外部IDOMIM605441 MGI106675 HomoloGene3525 GeneCardsADIPOQ
RNA表达模式
PBB GE ADIPOQ 207175 at fs.png
更多參考(基因)表达數據
直系同源
物種人類小鼠
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
mRNA​序列

NM_001177800、NM_004797

NM_009605

蛋白序列

NP_001171271、NP_004788

NP_033735

基因位置​(UCSC)Chr 3: 186.84 – 186.86 Mbn/a
PubMed​查找[1][2]
維基數據
檢視/編輯 人類檢視/編輯 小鼠

脂连蛋白英语:adiponectin,亦称为脂联素)是一种主要由脂肪细胞分泌的蛋白质激素,由ADIPOQ基因所编码[3],含244个氨基酸。成人体内的脂联素水平与脂肪储量负相关[來源請求]

结构[编辑]

脂联素包含244个氨基酸,可分为4个结构域。从其N端起算,第一个是使其定位于细胞外的信号序列,第二个区域较短且在物种间高度变异,第三个65个氨基酸的区域与膠原蛋白相似,最后一个是脂联素的球状结构域。总的上看,这一蛋白与补体片段C1q相似。其中球状结构域的三维结构已经测定,结构上与TNFα非常相似,但在氨基酸序列上却差异巨大[4]

受体[编辑]

脂联素可与几种受体结合,两种受体与G蛋白偶联受体同源性,一种属于钙粘蛋白家族[5][6]

These have distinct tissue specificities within the body and have different affinities to the various forms of adiponectin. The receptors affect the downstream target AMP kinase, an important cellular metabolic rate control point. Expression of the receptors is correlated with insulin levels, as well as reduced in mouse models of diabetes, particularly in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue.[7][8]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Human PubMed Reference:. 
  2. ^ Mouse PubMed Reference:. 
  3. ^ Maeda K, Okubo K, Shimomura I, Funahashi T, Matsuzawa Y, Matsubara K. cDNA cloning and expression of a novel adipose specific collagen-like factor, apM1 (AdiPose Most abundant Gene transcript 1). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. April 1996, 221 (2): 286–9. PMID 8619847. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1996.0587. 
  4. ^ Shapiro L, Scherer PE. The crystal structure of a complement-1q family protein suggests an evolutionary link to tumor necrosis factor. Curr. Biol. March 1998, 8 (6): 335–8. PMID 9512423. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(98)70133-2. 
  5. ^ Yamauchi, T; Kamon, J; Ito, Y; Tsuchida, A; Yokomizo, T; Kita, S; 等. Cloning of adiponectin receptors that mediate antidiabetic metabolic effects. Nature. 2003, 423 (6941): 762–9. PMID 12802337. doi:10.1038/nature01705.  已忽略未知参数|author-name-separator= (帮助); 已忽略未知参数|author-separator= (帮助)
  6. ^ Hug, C; Wang, J; Ahmad, NS; Bogan, JS; Tsao, TS; Lodish, HF. T-cadherin is a receptor for hexameric and high-molecular-weight forms of Acrp30/adiponectin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2004, 101 (28): 10308–13. PMC 478568. PMID 15210937. doi:10.1073/pnas.0403382101.  已忽略未知参数|author-name-separator= (帮助); 已忽略未知参数|author-separator= (帮助)
  7. ^ Fang, X; Sweeney, G. Mechanisms regulating energy metabolism by adiponectin in obesity and diabetes. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 2006, 34 (Pt 5): 798–801. PMID 17052201. doi:10.1042/BST0340798.  已忽略未知参数|author-separator= (帮助); 已忽略未知参数|author-name-separator= (帮助)
  8. ^ Bonnard, C; Durand, A; Vidal, H; Rieusset, J. Changes in adiponectin, its receptors and AMPK activity in tissues of diet-induced diabetic mice. Diabetes Metab. 2008, 34 (1): 52–61. PMID 18222103. doi:10.1016/j.diabet.2007.09.006.  已忽略未知参数|author-name-separator= (帮助); 已忽略未知参数|author-separator= (帮助)