自我意識 (哲學)

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自我哲学中,自我意识是对自己的個人特質或獨立性的經驗。[1][2] 不要将它与感质意义上的意识混淆。当意识意识到一个人的环境、身体和生活方式时,自我意识是对这种意识的承认。[3] 自我意识是个人如何有意识地知曉和理解自己的性格感受动机欲望。自我意识有两大类:内在自我意识和外在自我意识。[4]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Google def: Self-awareness is the ability to focus on yourself and how your actions, thoughts, or emotions do or don't align with your internal standards. If you're highly self-aware, you can objectively evaluate yourself, manage your emotions, align your behavior with your values, and understand correctly how others perceive you.May 11, 2018
  2. ^ Self-awareness - Definition of Self-awareness by Merriam-Webster. 
  3. ^ Jabr, Ferris. Self-Awareness with a Simple Brain. Scientific American Mind. 2012, 23 (5): 28–29. doi:10.1038/scientificamericanmind1112-28. 
  4. ^ What Self-Awareness Really Is (and How to Cultivate It). Harvard Business Review. 2018-01-04 [2018-03-06].