菜豆属

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菜豆属Infobox info icon2.svg
Snijboonplanten Phaseolus vulgaris.jpg
菜豆 Phaseolus vulgaris
科学分类 编辑
界: 植物界 Plantae
演化支 维管植物 Tracheophyta
演化支 被子植物 Angiosperms
演化支 真双子叶植物 Eudicots
演化支 蔷薇类植物 Rosids
目: 豆目 Fabales
科: 豆科 Fabaceae
亚科: 蝶形花亚科 Faboideae
族: 菜豆族 Phaseoleae
亚族: 菜豆亚族 Phaseolinae
属: 菜豆属 Phaseolus
L., 1753
模式種
菜豆
Phaseolus vulgaris
L., 1753
[[File:* Alepidocalyx Piper
  • Lipusa Alef.
  • Minkelersia M.Martens & Galeotti
  • Phalseolus
  • Phaselous|frameless]]

菜豆属学名Phaseolus)是蝶形花科下的一个属,为缠绕或直立草本植物。该属共有150种以上,分布于热带温带地区。[1]

物种[编辑]

本属包括以下物种:

  • Phaseolus acherensis Medik.
  • Phaseolus acinaciformis Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus acutifolius A.Gray
  • Phaseolus albescens McVaugh ex R.Delgad. & A.Delgado
  • Phaseolus albiflorus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus albiflorus Lam.
  • Phaseolus albinervis Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus albiviolaceus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus altimontanus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus amabilis Standl.
  • Phaseolus amblyosepalus (Piper) C.V.Morton
  • Phaseolus angucianae Debouck & Araya
  • Phaseolus anguinus Bunge
  • Phaseolus angustatus Wall.
  • Phaseolus angustifolius Graham ex Wall.
  • Phaseolus angustifolius Roxb.
  • Phaseolus angustissimus A.Gray
  • Phaseolus anisophyllus (Piper) Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus arcuatus Zipp. ex Span.
  • Phaseolus asellus B.Heyne
  • Phaseolus asellus Molina
  • Phaseolus atomifer M.E.Jones
  • Phaseolus atomiferus M.E.Jones, 1929
  • Phaseolus augusti Harms
  • Phaseolus bicolor Bailly
  • Phaseolus bicolor hort. ex E.Vilm., 1866
  • Phaseolus bracteatus Spreng., 1826
  • Phaseolus calcaratus Haines
  • Phaseolus campanulatus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus carterae Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus chiapasanus Piper
  • Phaseolus citrinns Savi
  • Phaseolus clitoroides Benth., 1837
  • 红花菜豆 Phaseolus coccineus L.,荷包豆
  • Phaseolus coccineus Lam.
  • Phaseolus compressus-niger Martens
  • Phaseolus conspicuus Klotzsch
  • Phaseolus coriaceus Micheli
  • Phaseolus cornutus Noronha
  • Phaseolus costaricensis Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus cuneatus Royle
  • Phaseolus dasycarpus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus debouckii A.Delgado
  • Phaseolus depauperatus Graham
  • Phaseolus discolor Span. ex Miq.
  • Phaseolus dolichoides Vell.
  • Phaseolus erectus Fisch.
  • Phaseolus esperanzae Seaton
  • Phaseolus esquincensis Freytag
  • Phaseolus filiformis Benth.
  • Phaseolus fuscus Hosseus
  • Phaseolus galactoides (M.Martens & Galeotti) Marechal
  • Phaseolus gibbosus Blume ex Miq.
  • Phaseolus glabellus Piper
  • Phaseolus gladiolatus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus gonospermus Savi
  • 大菜豆 Phaseolus grandis Buch.-Ham.
  • Phaseolus helvulus Crantz, 1766
  • Phaseolus hintonii A.Delgado
  • Phaseolus hirtus Wall.
  • Phaseolus hirtuz Wall.
  • Phaseolus hispanicus Gromov ex Trautv.
  • Phaseolus hybr
  • Phaseolus hygrophilus Debouck
  • Phaseolus hysterinus Durieu
  • Phaseolus inaequifolius Mart. ex Colla
  • Phaseolus ioncarpus Fingerh.
  • Phaseolus jaliscanus Piper
  • Phaseolus juquilensis A.Delgado
  • Phaseolus leptophyllus G.Don
  • Phaseolus leptostachys Benth., 1837
  • Phaseolus leptostachyus Benth.
  • Phaseolus lignosus Britton
  • Phaseolus lilacinus Zuccagni
  • Phaseolus linearis Michel
  • Phaseolus linearis Sessé & Moc. ex G.Don, 1832
  • Phaseolus lobatus Micheli
  • Phaseolus longipeduncularis
  • Phaseolus longipedunculatus Micheli
  • Phaseolus longiplacentifer Freytag
  • Phaseolus looseri Herter
  • Phaseolus lucens Wall.
  • Phaseolus lunatus Billb. ex Beurl.
  • Phaseolus lunatus Haberle
  • 棉豆 Phaseolus lunatus L.
  • Phaseolus macrocarpus Benth.
  • Phaseolus macrocarpus Poir.
  • Phaseolus macrolepis Piper
  • Phaseolus maculatifolius Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus maculatus Scheele
  • Phaseolus macvaughii A.Delgado
  • Phaseolus magnilobatus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus marechalii A.Delgado
  • Phaseolus marmoreus Pi.Savi
  • Phaseolus mas Roxb.
  • Phaseolus massaiensis Taub.
  • Phaseolus max Roxb.
  • Phaseolus micranthus Hook. & Arn.
  • Phaseolus microcarpus Mart.
  • Phaseolus mollis Hook.f.
  • Phaseolus mungo F.B.Forbes & Hemsl.
  • Phaseolus mungo Roxb.
  • Phaseolus mungo Wall.
  • Phaseolus neglectus F.J.Herm.
  • Phaseolus nelsonii Maréchal, Mascherpa & Stainier
  • Phaseolus nodosus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus nonoleonensis Debouck
  • Phaseolus novoleonensis Debouck
  • Phaseolus oaxacanus Rose
  • Phaseolus obliquaefolius Mart. ex Benth.
  • Phaseolus oligospermus Piper
  • Phaseolus ovatifolius Piper
  • Phaseolus pachycarpus Standl.
  • Phaseolus pachyrrhizoides Harms
  • Phaseolus pallar Molina
  • Phaseolus parvifolius Freytag
  • Phaseolus parvulus Greene
  • Phaseolus pauciflorus Sessé & Moc. ex G.Don
  • Phaseolus pauciflorus Sessé, Moc., Sessé & Moc., 1890
  • Phaseolus pedicellatus Benth.
  • Phaseolus perplexus A.Delgado
  • Phaseolus persistentus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus pious Mart. ex Benth.
  • Phaseolus plagiocylix Harms
  • Phaseolus polymorphus S.Watson
  • Phaseolus polystachios (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
  • Phaseolus prostratus Micheli
  • Phaseolus pulchellus Piper
  • Phaseolus pyramidalis Freytag
  • Phaseolus reptans Ducke
  • Phaseolus reticulatus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus retusus Moench
  • Phaseolus rimbachii Standl.
  • Phaseolus rosei Piper
  • Phaseolus rotundatus Freytag & Debouck
  • Phaseolus saccharatus Stokes, 1812
  • Phaseolus salicifolius Piper
  • Phaseolus sativus Royle
  • Phaseolus scabrellus Benth. ex S.Watson
  • Phaseolus schabneri Piper
  • Phaseolus schimperi Taub. ex Engl., 1892
  • Phaseolus sclaraeoides Jacq.
  • Phaseolus scrobiculatifolius Freytag
  • Phaseolus sinuatus Nutt.
  • Phaseolus sonorensis Standl.
  • Phaseolus sordidus Salisb.
  • Phaseolus sphaericus-sulfureus Martens
  • Phaseolus sphaerocarpus Schur
  • Phaseolus stenophyllus Klotzsch
  • Phaseolus sublobatus Duthie
  • Phaseolus sublobatus Wall.
  • Phaseolus talamancensis Debouck & Torres Gonz.
  • Phaseolus tenellus Piper
  • Phaseolus teulensis Freytag
  • Phaseolus texensis A.Delgado & W.R.Carr
  • Phaseolus trifidus Freytag
  • Phaseolus trilobatus L. ex B.D.Jacks.
  • Phaseolus trilobus Wall.
  • Phaseolus truxillensi Kunth
  • Phaseolus tuerckheimii Donn.Sm.
  • Phaseolus tunkidus Steud.
  • Phaseolus velutinus Graham
  • Phaseolus venosus Piper
  • Phaseolus villosus Glaz.
  • Phaseolus violaceus Steud., 1821
  • Phaseolus viridis Piper
  • Phaseolus vulcanicus (Piper) Maréchal, Mascherpa & Stainier
  • 菜豆 Phaseolus vulgaris L.
    • 龙牙豆 Phaseolus vulgaris var. humilis Alef.
  • Phaseolus vulgaris Wall.
  • Phaseolus xanthotrichus Piper
  • Phaseolus xolocotzii A.Delgado
  • Phaseolus zimapanensis A.Delgado
杂交种
  • Phaseolus ×dumosus Macfad. Macfad.

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 中国种子植物科属词典. 中国数字植物标本馆. (原始内容存档于2012-04-11).