萬有在神論

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索

萬有在神論(Panentheism,意思是「一切在神裡」,源自希腊语πᾶν pân「所有」, "all", ἐν en「在」和Θεός Theós「神」)[1]是指認為一方面存在在宇宙萬物中,另一方面又超過時間及空間的信仰。Panentheism的詞語是由德國哲學家卡尔·克里斯蒂安·弗里德里希·克劳泽在1828年所創,為了要將格奥尔格·威廉·弗里德里希·黑格尔(1770–1831)以及弗里德里希·谢林 (1775–1854)對於神和宇宙的關係,和巴魯赫·斯賓諾莎提出的泛神论分開[1]。泛神论認為神和宇宙是一樣的[2],而萬有在神論認為神和世俗本体上的差異,兩者都很重要。

相關條目[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 John Culp (2013): “Panentheism” 页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆, in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Erwin Fahlbusch; Geoffrey William Bromiley; David B. Barrett. The Encyclopedia of Christianity 4. William B. Eerdmans. 2005: 21. ISBN 978-0-8028-2416-5. 
  3. ^ “Pantheism and Panentheism in non-Western cultures”, in: Britannica.
  4. ^ Whiting, Robert. Religions for Today. Stanley Thomes, London 1991, p. viii. ISBN 0-7487-0586-4.

參考書目[编辑]

  • Ankur Barua, "God’s Body at Work: Rāmānuja and Panentheism," in: International Journal of Hindu Studies, 14,1 (2010), pp. 1–30.
  • Philip Clayton and Arthur Peacock (eds.), In Whom We Live and Move and Have Our Being; Panentheistic Reflections on God's Presence in a Scientific World, Eerdmans (2004)
  • Bangert, B.C. (2006). Consenting to God and nature: Toward a theocentric, naturalistic, theological ethics, Princeton theological monograph ser. 55, Pickwick Publications, Eugene.
  • Cooper, John W. (2006). Panentheism: The Other God of the Philosophers, Baker Academic ISBN 9780801027246
  • Davis, Andrew M. and Philip Clayton (eds.) (2018). How I Found God in Everyone and Everywhere, Monkfish Book Publishing ISBN 9781939681881
  • Thomas Jay Oord (2010). The Nature of Love: A Theology ISBN 978-0-8272-0828-5.
  • Joseph Bracken, "Panentheism in the context of the theology and science dialogue", in: Open Theology, 1 (2014), 1–11 (online).
  • Marbaniang, Domenic. Epistemics of Divine Reality. POD. 2011. ISBN 9781105160776. 

外部連結[编辑]