虎紋對蝦

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虎紋對蝦
Penaeus esculentus-2009.jpg
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 节肢动物门 Arthropoda
纲: 软甲纲 Malacostraca
目: 十足目 Decapoda
科: 對蝦科 Penaeidae
属: 对虾属 Penaeus
种: 虎紋對蝦 P. esculentus
二名法
Penaeus esculentus
Haswell, 1879 [1]

虎纹对虾(学名:Penaeus esculentus),又名虎蝦、黑虎蝦或褐虎对虾,是对虾属下的一种虾,原产于并大规模养殖于澳大利亚附近海域。[2]

形态[编辑]

幼年个体生活在海草从中[3],在头胸甲长度达到32毫米(1.3英寸)左右时性成熟[4]。成年个体长度可达155毫米(6.1英寸)[5],与斑節虾十分相似,颜色也要更加发褐一些[6]。它们一般生活在水下200米(660英尺)以上。[7]

分布[编辑]

虎纹对虾原产于澳大利亚东部和西部附近的温暖海域,东西两岸的虎纹对虾在形态上没有太大的差异。[8]

养殖业[编辑]

虎纹对虾的年产量可达500公噸(490長噸;550短噸),可与草虾杂交[9],而本身的价格比生长更为迅速的草虾要高。[10]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Penaeus esculentus Haswell, 1879. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. [8 November 2010] (英语). 
  2. ^ Lipke B. Holthuis. Penaeus (Penaeus) esculentus Haswell, 1879. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1. Shrimps and prawns of the world (PDF). Food and Agriculture Organization. 1980. ISBN 92-5-100896-5. 
  3. ^ W. Dall. The biology of the Penaeidae. Advances in marine biology. Academic Press. 1990: 489. ISBN 978-0-12-026127-7. 
  4. ^ P. J. Crocos. Reproductive dynamics of the tiger prawn Penaeus esculentus, and a comparison with P. semisulcatus, in the north-western Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research: 91–102. doi:10.1071/MF9870091. 
  5. ^ Penaeus esculentus, brown tiger prawn. SeaLifeBase. 25 February 2009. 
  6. ^ Farmed species. Shrimp News International. [9 January 2010]. (原始内容存档于25 June 2008). 
  7. ^ Species Penaeus (Penaeus) esculentus Haswell, 1879. Australian Faunal Directory. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. 21 October 2008 [2018-10-04]. (原始内容存档于2011-12-30). 
  8. ^ Robert D. Ward; Jennifer R. Ovenden; Jennifer R. S. Meadows; Peter M. Grewe; Sigrid A. Lehnert. Population genetic structure of the brown tiger prawn, Penaeus esculentus, in tropical northern Australia. Marine Biology. 2006, 148 (3): 599–607. doi:10.1007/s00227-005-0099-x. 
  9. ^ J. A. H. Benzie; M. Kenway; E. Ballment; S. Frusher; L. Trott. Interspecific hybridization of the tiger prawns Penaeus monodon and Penaeus esculentus. Aquaculture. 1995, 133 (2): 103–111. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(95)00013-R. 
  10. ^ Sandy J. Keys, Peter J. Crocos & Oscar J. Cacho. Commercial grow-out performance and cost-benefit analysis for farm production of the brown tiger shrimp Penaeus esculentus. Aquaculture Economics & Management. 2004, 8 (5/6): 295–308. doi:10.1080/13657300409380371.