螔螺屬

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螔螺屬
LimacinaHelicinaNOAA.jpg
阿拉斯加的海裡拍攝到的一隻螔螺Limacina helicina
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 軟體動物門 Mollusca
纲: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
目: 翼足目 Pteropoda
科: 螔螺科 Limacinidae
属: 螔螺屬 Limacina
Bosc, 1817[1]
模式种
Clio helicina Phipps, 1774

見內文

異名[2]
  • Heterofusus Fleming, 1823
  • Limacina (Limacina) Bosc, 1817 · accepted, alternate representation
  • Lornia Marwick, 1926
  • Munthea van der Spoel, 1967 (unavailable name: no type species designated)
  • Scaea Philippi, 1844
  • Spiratella Blainville, 1817 (Objective synonym of Limacina)
  • Spirialis Eydoux & Souleyet, 1840

螔螺屬(學名:Limacina)是翼足目螔螺科之下的一個海洋腹足綱軟體動物門屬,即俗稱「海蝴蝶」的一種。本屬物種是腹足綱之下其中一個物種非常豐富的屬[3][4]

本屬的學名「Limacina」本身的意思其實就是「像蝸牛[5]

作為一種在海洋浮游生物界生活的腹足綱物種,螔螺屬透過拍動牠們的一雙擬足(亦作疣足,parapoida)來在水中暢泳,所以得來「海蝴蝶」的美名。

海蝴蝶是有殼翼足類支序(Thecosomata)的成員,與之相對的是屬於裸殼翼足類支序(Gymnosomata)的海天使。這兩個支序的成員合組成為翼足類。兩者的分別在於有殼翼足類的成員的背上還留有一個或大或小的殼,但裸殼翼足類的殼已完全褪化。

物種[编辑]

本屬物種同時有化石種及生存種,分別如下:

下列物種皆為同種異名

  • (recent) Limacina antarctica Woodward, 1854::[9]synonym of Limacina rangii f. antarctica Woodward, 1854: synonym of Limacina rangii (d'Orbigny, 1834)
  • Limacina balea Møller, 1841: synonym of Limacina retroversa (Fleming, 1823)
  • Limacina contorta Sykes, 1905: synonym of Limacina trochiformis (d'Orbigny, 1834)
  • Limacina crossei Pelseneer, 1888: synonym of Limacina lesueurii (d'Orbigny, 1835)
  • Limacina cucullata Gould, 1852: synonym of Limacina rangii f. antarctica Woodward, 1854: synonym of Limacina rangii (d'Orbigny, 1834)
  • Limacina helicialis Lamarck, 1819: synonym of Limacina helicina (Phipps, 1774)
  • (recent) Limacina helicoides Jeffreys, 1877 - synonym of Thielea helicoides (Jeffreys, 1877)
  • (recent) Limacina inflata (d'Orbigny, 1836) - Planorbid pteropod. Distribution: circumglobal, Red Sea, Pacific. Length: 1 mm. Description: the shell is flatly twisted, resembling the shell of the cephalopod Nautilus. - synonym: Heliconoides inflata (d’Orbigny, 1836)
  • Limacina naticoides Souleyet, 1852: synonym of Limacina trochiformis (d'Orbigny, 1834)
  • Limacina pacifica Dall, 1871: synonym of Limacina helicina pacifica Dall, 1871
  • Limacina scaphoidea Gould, 1852: synonym of Heliconoides inflatus (d'Orbigny, 1834)

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Bosc, L. A. G. "Cléodore". Nouveau Dictionnaire d’Histoire naturelle (自然歷史新詞典). 1817, 7: 188 (法语). 
  2. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为WoRMS的参考文献提供内容
  3. ^ WoRMS. Limacina. World Register of Marine Species. 2012 [2012-07-18]. 
  4. ^ Lalli, Carol M.; Gilmer, Ronald W. Pelagic Snails: The Biology of Holoplanktonic Gastropod Mollusks. : 6 (英语). 
  5. ^ Woodward, S. P. A manual of the Mollusca; or, A rudimentary treatise of recent and fossil shells 2. London: 207. 1854 (英语). 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Janssen, A. W. Holoplanktonic Mollusca (Gastropoda: Pterotracheoidea, Janthinoidea, Thecosomata and Gymnosomata) from the Pliocene of Pangasinan (Luzon, Philippines). Scripta Geologica. 2007, 137 [2015-05-10]. (原始内容存档于2011-07-24) (英语). 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Cahuzac B. & Janssen A. W. (2010). "Eocene to Miocene holoplanktonic Mollusca (Gastropoda) of the Aquitaine Basin, southwest France". Scripta Geologica 141: http://www.scriptageologica.nl/10/nr141/a01 页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Janssen A. W. (2010). "Pteropods (Mollusca, Euthecosomata) from the Early Eocene of Rotterdam (The Netherlands)". Scripta Geologica 07 http://www.scriptageologica.nl/10/nr007/a09 页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
  9. ^ WoRMS (2010). Limacina antarctica Woodward, 1854. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=509607 on 2011-01-29
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp.
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180–213

外部連結[编辑]