裂螺科

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裂螺科
化石时期:Triassic–Recent[1]
Keyhole limpet 05.jpg
一組Diodora cayenensis螺殼
科学分类 e
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 軟體動物門 Mollusca
纲: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
目: 深海白笠目 Lepetellida
总科: 裂螺總科 Fissurelloidea
Fleming, 1822
科: 裂螺科 ​Fissurellidae
Fleming, 1822
模式属
Diodora J. E. Gray, 1821

見內文

裂螺總科(學名:Fissurelloidea Fleming, 1822,亦作裂裙螺總科透孔螺總科),其下只有裂螺科(學名:Fissurellidae Fleming, 1822[2],亦作裂裙螺科钥孔䗩科[3][4][5]:18透孔螺科[6]),是古腹足類支序之下的一個海洋腹足纲软体动物[7][8]。本總科的物種因其錐狀螺殼螺尖上有一個小孔,是海螺的一個特化體。由於整個螺殼的外形就像一條裂開了一條縫的裙襬那樣,所以被稱為裂裙螺

根據2005年《布歇特和洛克羅伊的腹足類分類》基本上包括了各種笠螺,覆蓋了原來原始腹足目的大多數物種。

分佈[编辑]

本科物種的分佈是世界性的,從冰冷的寒帶到熱帶都有其物種存在[9]

習性[编辑]

本科物種一般居住在潮間帶下部深水區的岩面或岩底[9]

分類[编辑]

本科的屬一般可以按四個不同的亞科來分類,分別如下[10][7]

但由於現時基於分子分類學的文獻不斷更新,現時普遍不區分亞科現詳列全部的屬。以下為現時屬於本科的屬[14][10][15][16]

異名:
  • Austroglyphis Cotton & Godfrey, 1934: synonym of Diodora J. E. Gray, 1821
  • Aviscutum Iredale, 1940: synonym of Scutus Montfort, 1810
  • Capiluna Gray, 1857: synonym of Diodora J. E. Gray, 1821
  • Cemoria Risso, 1826 [ex Leach MS]: synonym of Puncturella Lowe, 1827
  • Cremoria [Gray, 1842]: synonym of Puncturella Lowe, 1827
  • Elegidion Iredale, 1924: synonym of Diodora J. E. Gray, 1821
  • 邊罅螺屬 Emarginella Pilsbry, 1890[15]: synonym of Emarginula Lamarck, 1801
  • Entomella Cotton, 1945: synonym of Emarginula Lamarck, 1801
  • Fissuridea Swainson, 1840: synonym of Diodora J. E. Gray, 1821
  • Glyphis Carpenter, 1857: synonym of Diodora J. E. Gray, 1821
  • Legrandia Beddome, 1883: synonym of Zeidora A. Adams, 1860
  • Megatebennus Pilsbry, 1890: synonym of Fissurellidea d'Orbigny, 1839
  • Nannoscutum Iredale, 1937: synonym of Scutus Montfort, 1810
  • Nesta H. Adams, 1870: synonym of Zeidora A. Adams, 1860
  • Notomella Cotton, 1957: synonym of Emarginula Lamarck, 1801
  • Parmophoridea Wenz, 1938: synonym of Parmaphorella Strebel, 1907
  • Parmophorus Blainville, 1817: synonym of Scutus Montfort, 1810
  • Plagiorhytis P. Fischer, 1885: synonym of Montfortula Iredale, 1915
  • Scutum P. Fischer, 1885: synonym of Scutus Montfort, 1810
  • Semperia Crosse, 1867: synonym of Emarginula Lamarck, 1801
  • Sipho T. Brown, 1827: synonym of Puncturella Lowe, 1827
  • Siphonella Issel, 1869: synonym of Montfortista Iredale, 1929
  • Subemarginula Gray, 1847: synonym of Hemitoma Swainson, 1840
  • Subzeidora Iredale, 1924: synonym of Emarginula (Subzeidora) Iredale, 1924
  • Tugalia Gray, 1857: synonym of Tugali Gray, 1843
  • Vacerra Iredale, 1924: synonym of Puncturella Lowe, 1827
  • Zidora P. Fischer, 1885: synonym of Zeidora A. Adams, 1860

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Lindberg, edited by Winston F. Ponder, David R. Phylogeny and evolution of the Mollusca. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2008. ISBN 978-0-520-25092-5. 
  2. ^ Fissurelloidea. ITIS. 
  3. ^ 潘华璋; 蓝琇. 西沙群岛软体动物 (PDF). 古生物学报. 1998年, 37 (1): 122 [2017-12-23]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2017-12-24) (中文(简体)). 
  4. ^ 呂端華. 中國近海鑰孔䗩科的初步研究. 《中國貝類學會貝類學論文集1. 1983: 208–209. 
  5. ^ 齊鍾彥等 (编). 黃渤海的軟體動物. 農業出版社. 1989: 18 (中文(简体)). 
  6. ^ 国际贝库:钥孔透孔螺. 台湾贝类资料库. [2009-08-11]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-04) (中文(繁體)). 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Rosenberg, Gary. Fissurellidae Fleming, 1822. WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. 2010-10-03 [2017-03-03]. 
  8. ^ Frýda, J.; Hausdorf, B.; Ponder, W.; Valdés, Á.; Warén, A. Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P. , 编. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany / Ann Arbor, USA: ConchBooks). 2005, 47 (1-2): 397 pp. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Powell A. W. B., New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 Fissurellidae Fleming, 1822. ITIS. 
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 施乃普. 綠島小形貝殼. 中國貝誌 (中華民國貝類學會). 1975, 2: 33–46 [2018-08-28] (中文(繁體)). 
  12. ^ Bouchet, Philippe; Gofas, Serge; Rosenberg, Gary; Mussai, Prakash. Lucapina G. B. Sowerby I, 1835. WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. 2011-11-05 [2017-03-03]. 
  13. ^ 13.0 13.1 张素萍等. 黄渤海软体动物图志. 2016-02 [2020-04-07]. ISBN 9787030471406 (中文(简体)). [永久失效連結]
  14. ^ Fissurellidae (Keyhole Limpets). [2017-01-17]. (原始内容存档于2010-03-27). 
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Fissurellidae 裂螺科. TaiBIF. [2017-03-02]. (原始内容存档于2019-08-27) (中文(繁體)). 
  16. ^ Suzanne T. Williams. Advances in molecular systematics of the vetigastropod superfamily Trochoidea. Zoologica Scripta. 2012-11-01, 41 (6): 571–595 [2018-04-02]. ISSN 1463-6409. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00552.x (英语). 

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延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Sowerby, G.B. Jr. (1862). Monograph of the family Fissurellidae. Reprinted edition (1982). Thesaurus conchyliorum, or monographs of genera of shells. Luis Pisani Burnay: Lisboa, Portugal. 183-206, 9 col. Plates pp.

外部連結[编辑]