西班牙大象棋

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索

西班牙大象棋(Grande Acedrex),是十三世紀時記載於阿方索十世的《對弈集》的波斯象棋變體[1]

棋具[编辑]

  • 12×12方格的棋盤。
  • 棋子兵種共七種,每方各二十四枚,各有國王(King)一枚、獅鷲(Griffion)一枚、鱷魚(crocodile)兩枚、長頸鹿(Giraffe)兩枚、犀牛(Rhinoceros)兩枚、獅子(Lion)兩枚、車(Rook)兩枚、兵(Pawn)十二枚。
《對弈集》的西班牙大象棋插圖

規則[编辑]

初始布局[编辑]


abcdefghijkl
12a12 black rookb12 black championc12 black princessd12 black giraffee12 black bishopf12 black wizardg12 black kingh12 black bishopi12 black giraffej12 black princessk12 black championl12 black rook12
11a11b11c11d11e11f11g11h11i11j11k11l1111
10a10b10c10d10e10f10g10h10i10j10k10l1010
9a9 black pawnb9 black pawnc9 black pawnd9 black pawne9 black pawnf9 black pawng9 black pawnh9 black pawni9 black pawnj9 black pawnk9 black pawnl9 black pawn9
8a8b8c8d8e8f8g8h8i8j8k8l88
7a7b7c7d7e7f7g7h7i7j7k7l77
6a6b6c6d6e6f6g6h6i6j6k6l66
5a5b5c5d5e5f5g5h5i5j5k5l55
4a4 white pawnb4 white pawnc4 white pawnd4 white pawne4 white pawnf4 white pawng4 white pawnh4 white pawni4 white pawnj4 white pawnk4 white pawnl4 white pawn4
3a3b3c3d3e3f3g3h3i3j3k3l33
2a2b2c2d2e2f2g2h2i2j2k2l22
1a1 white rookb1 white championc1 white princessd1 white giraffee1 white bishopf1 white wizardg1 white kingh1 white bishopi1 white giraffej1 white princessk1 white championl1 white rook1
abcdefghijkl
西班牙大象棋初始布局


棋子的移動[编辑]

國王[编辑]

國王正向或斜向移動一格。


abcdefghijkl
12a12b12c12d12e12f12g12h12i12j12k12l1212
11a11b11c11d11e11f11g11h11i11j11k11l1111
10a10b10c10d10e10f10g10h10i10j10k10l1010
9a9b9c9d9e9f9g9h9i9j9k9l99
8a8b8c8d8e8f8g8h8i8j8k8l88
7a7b7c7d7e7 black circlef7 black circleg7 black circleh7i7j7k7l77
6a6b6c6d6e6 black circlef6 white kingg6 black circleh6i6j6k6l66
5a5b5c5d5e5 black circlef5 black circleg5 black circleh5i5j5k5l55
4a4b4c4d4e4f4g4h4i4j4k4l44
3a3b3c3d3e3f3g3h3i3j3k3l33
2a2b2c2d2e2f2g2h2i2j2k2l22
1a1b1c1d1e1f1g1h1i1j1k1l11
abcdefghijkl
國王的走法


首著的特殊移動[编辑]

在不被將軍的狀態下,國王第一次移動時可走兩格,且得越子,但不得以此方式吃子。


abcdefghijkl
12a12b12c12d12e12f12g12h12i12j12k12l1212
11a11b11c11d11e11f11g11h11i11j11k11l1111
10a10b10c10d10e10f10g10h10i10j10k10l1010
9a9b9c9d9e9f9g9h9i9j9k9l99
8a8b8c8d8e8f8g8h8i8j8k8l88
7a7b7c7d7e7f7g7h7i7j7k7l77
6a6b6c6d6e6f6g6h6i6j6k6l66
5a5b5c5d5e5f5g5h5i5j5k5l55
4a4b4c4d4e4f4g4h4i4j4k4l44
3a3b3c3d3e3 black circlef3g3 black circleh3i3 black circlej3k3l33
2a2b2c2d2e2f2g2h2i2j2k2l22
1a1b1c1d1e1 black circlef1g1 white kingh1i1 black circlej1k1l11
abcdefghijkl
國王首著可走兩格


獅鷲[编辑]

獅鷲斜向移動一格,之後可以選擇停在此點,或轉直向往外繼續移動任意格,不得越子。


abcdefghijkl
12a12b12c12d12e12 up arrowf12g12 up arrowh12i12j12k12l1212
11a11b11c11d11e11 up arrowf11g11 up arrowh11i11j11k11l1111
10a10b10c10d10e10 up arrowf10g10 up arrowh10i10j10k10l1010
9a9b9c9d9e9 up arrowf9g9 up arrowh9i9j9k9l99
8a8b8c8d8e8 up arrowf8g8 up arrowh8i8j8k8l88
7a7 left arrowb7 left arrowc7 left arrowd7 left arrowe7 black circlef7g7 black circleh7 right arrowi7 right arrowj7 right arrowk7 right arrowl7 right arrow7
6a6b6c6d6e6f6 white wizardg6h6i6j6k6l66
5a5 left arrowb5 left arrowc5 left arrowd5 left arrowe5 black circlef5g5 black circleh5 right arrowi5 right arrowj5 right arrowk5 right arrowl5 right arrow5
4a4b4c4d4e4 down arrowf4g4 down arrowh4i4j4k4l44
3a3b3c3d3e3 down arrowf3g3 down arrowh3i3j3k3l33
2a2b2c2d2e2 down arrowf2g2 down arrowh2i2j2k2l22
1a1b1c1d1e1 down arrowf1g1 down arrowh1i1j1k1l11
abcdefghijkl
獅鷲的走法


鱷魚[编辑]

鱷魚斜向移動任意格,不得越子。


abcdefghijkl
12a12b12c12d12e12f12g12h12i12j12k12l12 up-right arrow12
11a11 up-left arrowb11c11d11e11f11g11h11i11j11k11 up-right arrowl1111
10a10b10 up-left arrowc10d10e10f10g10h10i10j10 up-right arrowk10l1010
9a9b9c9 up-left arrowd9e9f9g9h9i9 up-right arrowj9k9l99
8a8b8c8d8 up-left arrowe8f8g8h8 up-right arrowi8j8k8l88
7a7b7c7d7e7 up-left arrowf7g7 up-right arrowh7i7j7k7l77
6a6b6c6d6e6f6 white bishopg6h6i6j6k6l66
5a5b5c5d5e5 down-left arrowf5g5 down-right arrowh5i5j5k5l55
4a4b4c4d4 down-left arrowe4f4g4h4 down-right arrowi4j4k4l44
3a3b3c3 down-left arrowd3e3f3g3h3i3 down-right arrowj3k3l33
2a2b2 down-left arrowc2d2e2f2g2h2i2j2 down-right arrowk2l22
1a1 down-left arrowb1c1d1e1f1g1h1i1j1k1 down-right arrowl11
abcdefghijkl
鱷魚的走法


長頸鹿[编辑]

長頸鹿跳躍至3x4的對角格。


abcdefghijkl
12a12b12c12d12e12f12g12h12i12j12k12l1212
11a11b11c11d11e11f11g11h11i11j11k11l1111
10a10b10c10d10e10f10g10h10i10j10k10l1010
9a9b9c9d9 black circlee9f9g9h9 black circlei9j9k9l99
8a8b8c8 black circled8e8f8g8h8i8 black circlej8k8l88
7a7b7c7d7e7f7g7h7i7j7k7l77
6a6b6c6d6e6f6 white giraffeg6h6i6j6k6l66
5a5b5c5d5e5f5g5h5i5j5k5l55
4a4b4c4 black circled4e4f4g4h4i4 black circlej4k4l44
3a3b3c3d3 black circlee3f3g3h3 black circlei3j3k3l33
2a2b2c2d2e2f2g2h2i2j2k2l22
1a1b1c1d1e1f1g1h1i1j1k1l11
abcdefghijkl
長頸鹿的走法


犀牛[编辑]

犀牛跳躍至2x3的對角格,之後可以選擇停在此點,或轉斜向往外繼續移動任意格,除一開始可跳躍外,接著繼續移動時不得越子。


abcdefghijkl
12a12 up-left arrowb12c12d12e12f12g12h12i12j12k12 up-right arrowl1212
11a11b11 up-left arrowc11d11e11f11g11h11i11j11 up-right arrowk11l11 up-right arrow11
10a10 up-left arrowb10c10 up-left arrowd10e10f10g10h10i10 up-right arrowj10k10 up-right arrowl1010
9a9b9 up-left arrowc9d9 up-left arrowe9f9g9h9 up-right arrowi9j9 up-right arrowk9l99
8a8b8c8 up-left arrowd8e8 black circlef8g8 black circleh8i8 up-right arrowj8k8l88
7a7b7c7d7 black circlee7f7g7h7 black circlei7j7k7l77
6a6b6c6d6e6f6 white princessg6h6i6j6k6l66
5a5b5c5d5 black circlee5f5g5h5 black circlei5j5k5l55
4a4b4c4 down-left arrowd4e4 black circlef4g4 black circleh4i4 down-right arrowj4k4l44
3a3b3 down-left arrowc3d3 down-left arrowe3f3g3h3 down-right arrowi3j3 down-right arrowk3l33
2a2 down-left arrowb2c2 down-left arrowd2e2f2g2h2i2 down-right arrowj2k2 down-right arrowl22
1a1b1 down-left arrowc1d1e1f1g1h1i1j1 down-right arrowk1l1 down-right arrow1
abcdefghijkl
犀牛的走法


獅子[编辑]

獅子跳躍至2x4的對角格,或直向跳至第三格。


abcdefghijkl
12a12b12c12d12e12f12g12h12i12j12k12l1212
11a11b11c11d11e11f11g11h11i11j11k11l1111
10a10b10c10d10e10f10g10h10i10j10k10l1010
9a9b9c9d9e9 black circlef9 black circleg9 black circleh9i9j9k9l99
8a8b8c8d8e8f8g8h8i8j8k8l88
7a7b7c7 black circled7e7f7g7h7i7 black circlej7k7l77
6a6b6c6 black circled6e6f6 white championg6h6i6 black circlej6k6l66
5a5b5c5 black circled5e5f5g5h5i5 black circlej5k5l55
4a4b4c4d4e4f4g4h4i4j4k4l44
3a3b3c3d3e3 black circlef3 black circleg3 black circleh3i3j3k3l33
2a2b2c2d2e2f2g2h2i2j2k2l22
1a1b1c1d1e1f1g1h1i1j1k1l11
abcdefghijkl
獅子的走法


[编辑]

車直向移動任意格,不得越子。


abcdefghijkl
12a12b12c12d12e12f12 up arrowg12h12i12j12k12l1212
11a11b11c11d11e11f11 up arrowg11h11i11j11k11l1111
10a10b10c10d10e10f10 up arrowg10h10i10j10k10l1010
9a9b9c9d9e9f9 up arrowg9h9i9j9k9l99
8a8b8c8d8e8f8 up arrowg8h8i8j8k8l88
7a7b7c7d7e7f7 up arrowg7h7i7j7k7l77
6a6 left arrowb6 left arrowc6 left arrowd6 left arrowe6 left arrowf6 white rookg6 right arrowh6 right arrowi6 right arrowj6 right arrowk6 right arrowl6 right arrow6
5a5b5c5d5e5f5 down arrowg5h5i5j5k5l55
4a4b4c4d4e4f4 down arrowg4h4i4j4k4l44
3a3b3c3d3e3f3 down arrowg3h3i3j3k3l33
2a2b2c2d2e2f2 down arrowg2h2i2j2k2l22
1a1b1c1d1e1f1 down arrowg1h1i1j1k1l11
abcdefghijkl
車的走法


[编辑]

兵向直前移動一格,但吃子時則向斜前移動一格,如同波斯象棋的兵。兵第一步不可走兩格,故沒有吃過路兵。當兵抵達敵方底行時,立即升變成該縱列於初始局面所對應的兵種。例如兵在第一列升變成車;在第二列升變成獅子,以此類推,但於國王的縱列的兵不升變成國王,而是升變成獅鷲。


abcdefghijkl
12a12b12c12d12e12f12g12h12i12j12k12l1212
11a11b11c11d11e11f11g11h11i11j11k11l1111
10a10b10c10d10e10f10g10h10i10j10k10l1010
9a9b9c9d9e9f9g9h9i9j9k9l99
8a8b8c8d8e8f8g8h8i8j8k8l88
7a7b7c7d7e7 black crossf7 black circleg7 black crossh7i7j7k7l77
6a6b6c6d6e6f6 white pawng6h6i6j6k6l66
5a5b5c5d5e5f5g5h5i5j5k5l55
4a4b4c4d4e4f4g4h4i4j4k4l44
3a3b3c3d3e3f3g3h3i3j3k3l33
2a2b2c2d2e2f2g2h2i2j2k2l22
1a1b1c1d1e1f1g1h1i1j1k1l11
abcdefghijkl
兵的走法


勝利條件[编辑]

率先將死或困斃敵方的國王即獲勝,此外吃光敵方除國王以外的所有棋子亦是一種獲勝方式,但若敵方在下一回合亦可以吃光己方除國王外的棋子則和棋。

參考[编辑]

  1. ^ Acedrex. [2011-03-14]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-24). 

參見[编辑]

  • 中將棋,同樣包含很多非正規的棋子

外部連結[编辑]