詩論

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詩論(英語:Poetics)是文學形式的意見和文學探討。詩論可以專指對詩歌的意見,廣義上亦可以用作指「意見」的概念。[1]

歷史[编辑]

學者T. V. F.布羅根識別[2]了西方詩論在過去3000年間的三個主要運動:首先是形式主義英语Formalism (literature)實在論亞里斯多德主義(參見詩學)。 在浪漫主義時期,詩論變得趨向於表現主義,並強調對物件英语subject (philosophy)的感知。在20世紀時,詩論回歸到亞里斯多德的示範,其後趨向於「變化評論」(metacriticality,或詩論的理論的建立。

西方詩論主要依照抒情诗發展,與之相對的則是模仿[2]

文學評論[编辑]

詩論與解釋學不同,其不同之處在於詩論的重點不是文字的意思,而是理解文字中的不同元素如何組合以對讀者產生若干效果。[3]大多數的文學評論將詩論和解釋學結合,運用在單一的分析當中。

參見[编辑]

參考來源[编辑]

  1. ^ Gérard Genette英语Gérard Genette (2005), Essays In Aesthetics, Volume 4, p.14:
    My program then was named "Theory of Literary Forms" — a title that I supposed to be less ambiguous for minds a little distant from this specialty, if it is one, than its (for me) synonym Poetics.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Brogan, T. The New Princeton Handbook of Poetic Terms. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1994. ISBN 978-0-691-03672-4. 
  3. ^ Culler, Jonathan. Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction. 1997. :

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Ciardi, John. How Does a Poem Mean?. Cambridge, MA: The Riverside Press. 1959. 
  • Drew, Elizabeth. Discovering Poetry. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. 1933. 
  • Harmon, William. Classic Writings on Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press. 2003. 
  • Hashmi, Alamgir. Eponymous Écriture and the Poetics of Reading a Transnational Epic. Dublin Quarterly, 15. 2011. 
  • Hobsbaum, Philip. Metre, Rhythm, and Verse Form. New York: Routledge. 1996. ISBN 0-415-12267-8. 
  • Kinzie, Mary. A Poet's Guide to Poetry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1999. ISBN 0-226-43739-6. 
  • Norman, Charles. Poets on Poetry. New York: Collier Books. 1962.  Original texts from 8 English poets before the 20th Century and from 8 20th Century Americans.
  • Oliver, Mary. A Poetry Handbook. New York: Harcourt Brace & Co. 1994. ISBN 0-15-672400-6. 
  • Oliver, Mary. Rules for the Dance. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1998. ISBN 0-395-85086-X. 
  • Pinsky, Robert. The Sounds of Poetry. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. 1999. ISBN 0-374-52617-6. 
  • Quinn, Arthur. Figures of Speech. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 1993. ISBN 1-880393-02-6. 
  • Iturat, Isidro. Poetics. Brazil: Indrisos.com. 2010 [2018-07-08]. (原始内容存档于2014-11-07).