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語言相對論(英語:linguistic relativity),也稱為薩丕爾-沃夫假說(英語:Sapir–Whorf hypothesis),由語言學家兼人類學愛德華·薩丕爾(Edward Sapir)及其學生班傑明·李·沃爾夫(Benjamin Lee Whorf英语Benjamin Lee Whorf)所提出,是一門關於人類語言的心理學語言學假說。這項學說認為,人類的思考模式受到其使用語言的影響,因而對同一事物時可能會有不同的看法,不過這項學說引起了一些爭議,也招致了一些批評。






姜峯楠的短篇小说《你一生的故事》(英文:Story of Your Life)提到了薩丕爾-沃夫假說;2016年美国电影《異星入境》根据《你一生的故事》改编上映。



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