虽然最初很多人并不相信计算机可能成为科学研究的领域，但是随后的50年里也逐渐被学术界认可。IBM公司是那段时期计算机科学革命的参与者之一。在那段探索时期，IBM（International Business Machines的缩写）发布的IBM 704以及之后的IBM 709计算机被广泛使用。“不过，使用IBM电脑工作仍然是一件很沮丧的事情。如果你弄错了一条指令中的一个字母，程序将会崩溃，而你也得从头再来。”20世纪50年代后期，计算机科学学科還在发展階段，这種問題在当时是一件很常見的事情。
著名计算机科学家Edsger Dijkstra曾经指出：“计算机科学并不只是关于计算机，就像天文学并不只是关于望远镜一样。”（"Computer science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes."）设计、部署计算机和计算机系统通常被认为是非计算机科学学科的领域。例如，研究计算机硬件被看作是计算机工程的一部分，而对于商业计算机系统的研究和部署被称为信息技术或者信息系统。然而，现如今也越来越多地融合了各类计算机相关学科的思想。计算机科学研究也经常与其它学科交叉，比如心理学，认知科学，语言学，数学，物理学，统计学和经济学。
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^Abelson, H.; G.J. Sussman with J. Sussman. Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs 2nd. MIT Press. 1996. ISBN0-262-01153-0. The computer revolution is a revolution in the way we think and in the way we express what we think. The essence of this change is the emergence of what might best be called procedural epistemology — the study of the structure of knowledge from an imperative point of view, as opposed to the more declarative point of view taken by classical mathematical subjects.引文使用过时参数 (帮助)
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Research evaluation for computer science, Informatics Europe report. Shorter journal version: Bertrand Meyer, Christine Choppy, Jan van Leeuwen and Jorgen Staunstrup, Research evaluation for computer science, in Communications of the ACM, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 31-34, April 2009.