让森奖章

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让森奖章(法语:Médaille Janssen)是由法国科学院颁发的天体物理学 奖项,奖励那些取得重要进展的天文学家。[1]

让森奖章设立于1886年,于1887年首次颁奖。让森创立了这一奖项,并且是创始委员会的一名成员。委员会决定将第一枚奖章授予德国物理学家古斯塔夫·基尔霍夫,表彰他在光谱科学上的工作。然而,基尔霍夫在1887年10月13日去世(63岁),此时距奖项公布还有数月。委员会没有再选择新的获奖者,而是在1887年12月26日的学院会议上宣布将奖章放在基尔霍夫的墓碑上,“至高荣誉以纪念这位海德堡的伟大学者”。[2]

让森奖章原计划每两年颁发一次,但1888年颁奖后,于1889年再次颁奖。Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences 1889年卷的一则声明澄清说,该奖项在前七年每年颁发一次,从1894年开始改为双年颁发。[3]

让森奖章不同于法国天文学会的年度奖项朱尔·让森奖(1897年设立),尽管它们都以法国天文学家皮埃尔·让森(他的另一个名字朱尔·让森更知名)的名字命名。

获奖人列表[编辑]

列表截止到2011年。

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ (法文) Les Prix Thematiques en Sciences de l'Univers 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期24 November 2009., French Academy of Sciences website, accessed 23/01/2011
  2. ^ (法文) Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences (1887), pp.1322-1323. The French phrase partially translated here is: "L'Académie voudra donner à la mémoire du grand savant d'Heidelberg ce suprême hommage, qui sera une première consécration de sa gloire et une consolation pour sa famille."
  3. ^ (法文) Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences (1889), pp.1095-1096
  4. ^ Prizes of the French Academy, Ralph E. Wilson, General Notes, Popular Astronomy, Vol. 21, 1913, pp.383-385. This gives all the Janssen Medal awards between 1887 and 1912 that were known to US astronomer Ralph E. Wilson (1886-1960) the author of the note.
  5. ^ Huggins, Sir William (1824–1910), Barbara J. Becker, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008, accessed 23 Jan 2011
  6. ^ Charles Augustus Young, John M. Poor, Popular Astronomy, vol. 16 (1908), pp.218-230. The Janssen Medal award is mentioned on page 229.
  7. ^ Pietro Tacchini, Hector MacPherson, Jr., Popular Astronomy, vol. 13 (1905), pp.306-308. The Janssen Medal award is mentioned on page 308.
  8. ^ Award of the JANSSEN Prize to Dr. LANGLEY, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 6 (1894), No. 34, p.66
  9. ^ The 1905 statement in Comptes rendus relating to this award stated that the gold medal award would be made in 1906, but that an award of a silver medal would be made in 1905 to Gaston Millochau. See the 1905 volumes of Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences.
  10. ^ Jarry‐Desloges, René, Patrick Fuentes, The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, 2007, Part 10, 589-590, doi:10.1007/978-0-387-30400-7_714
  11. ^ General Notes, Popular Astronomy, Vol. 25, 1917, p.214-216. The Janssen Medal is mentioned on page 215, along with a note about two silver medals awarded to Fabry's colleagues at the Marseilles Observatory, Henri Buisson and Henry Bourget.
  12. ^ The citations for all these recipients are located in the corresponding issue of Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences for the year of the award.
  13. ^ General Notes, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 33, No. 192, pp.120-122 (1921). The reference to the Janssen Medal is on page 122.
  14. ^ Notes, Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, December 1922 issue, pp.476-478
  15. ^ General Notes, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 36, No. 214, pp.360-363 (1924). The reference to the Janssen Medal is on page 362.
  16. ^ William Hammond Wright, 1871-1959, Paul W. Merril, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 71 (1959), No. 421, p.305
  17. ^ Walter S. Adams, 1876-1956, F. J. M. Stratton, The Observatory, Vol. 76, p. 139-140 (1956)
  18. ^ RUSSELL, Henry Norris, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007, accessed 23 Jan 2011
  19. ^ General Notes, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 68, No. 400, pp.84-85 (1956)
  20. ^ http://www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu/brucemedalists/ambartsumian/
  21. ^ (法文) Pol Swings - Curriculum Vitae[失效連結], Fondation Francqui-Stichting website, accessed 24/01/2011
  22. ^ (法文) Jean-François Denisse 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2011-02-07., French Academy of Sciences website, accessed 23/01/2011
  23. ^ Strömgren, Bengt Georg Daniel, Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography (2008), retrieved 26/01/2011 from Encyclopedia.com
  24. ^ (法文) Gérard Wlérick 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2008-12-05., French Academy of Sciences website, accessed 28/01/2011
  25. ^ Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences: Sciences mathématiques, Volume 277, page 128 (1973)
  26. ^ The Comptes rendus citation refers to the award as a "médaille en vermeil" - i.e. the award was not a full gold medal.
  27. ^ Paul Ledoux (1914-1988), A. Noels, The Messenger, vol. 54, p.10 (1988)
  28. ^ J. Delhaye received the Prix Jules-César Janssen, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Vie Acad., Tome 289, p. 95 (1979)
  29. ^ Observatory Reports: Université de Montréal, Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, Vol. 16, p.246 (1984)
  30. ^ [1], Copied pages listing Janssen Medal winners (in French)
  31. ^ (法文) Lodewijk Woltjer, French Academy of Sciences website, accessed 23/01/2011
  32. ^ [2], Copied pages listing Janssen Medal winners (in French)
  33. ^ [3], Copied pages listing Janssen Medal winners (in French)
  34. ^ Serge Koutchmy received la médaille Janssen, C. R. Acad. Sci., Sér. Gén., Vie Sci., Tome 11, No. 5, p. 412 (1994)
  35. ^ (法文) Laureats des Prix de l'Academie des Sciences en 2007 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2010-03-24., French Academy of Sciences website, accessed 23/01/2011
  36. ^ (法文) Francois Mignard 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2013-05-25., French Academy of Sciences website, accessed 03/05/2012

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