負面偏誤

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負面偏誤[1]是指在同等强度的情况下,消极性质的事物(如不愉快的想法、情绪或社会交往、非常痛苦的事情)对一个人的心理状态的影响比中性或积极的事物更大 [2] [3] [4]。换句话说,非常积极的东西对一个人的行为和心理的影响通常会比同样強度但消极的事物要小。

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Kanouse, D. E., & Hanson, L. (1972). Negativity in evaluations. In E. E. Jones, D. E. Kanouse, S. Valins, H. H. Kelley, R. E. Nisbett, & B. Weiner (Eds.), Attribution: Perceiving the causes of behavior. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.
  2. ^ Baumeister, Roy F.; Finkenauer, Catrin; Vohs, Kathleen D. Bad is stronger than good (PDF). Review of General Psychology. 2001, 5 (4): 323–370 [2014-11-19]. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.5.4.323. 
  3. ^ Lewicka, Maria; Czapinski, Janusz; Peeters, Guido. Positive-negative asymmetry or "When the heart needs a reason". European Journal of Social Psychology. 1992, 22 (5): 425–434. doi:10.1002/ejsp.2420220502. 
  4. ^ Rozin, Paul; Royzman, Edward B. Negativity bias, negativity dominance, and contagion. Personality and Social Psychology Review. 2001, 5 (4): 296–320. doi:10.1207/S15327957PSPR0504_2.