超新星候選列表

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超新星候選列表天文學家提出將成為超新星前身的恆星II型超新星的前身包括演化至最後階段的質量仍然大於10倍太陽質量的恆星(在這個質量範圍內的恆星,著名的例子包括心宿二角宿一[1]天社一[2] 仙王座μ五合星團中的一些成員[3]。)。Ia型超新星的前身是接近錢卓極限,經由伴星吸積至大約是1.38太陽質量的白矮星。這張表也包括大質量的沃夫-瑞葉星,它們可能會成為Ia/Ib超新星

超新星前身候選者
名稱 曆元 J2000 星座 距離
(光年)
光譜
分類
註解
R. A. Dec.
飛馬座IK 21h 26m 26.7s +19° 22′ 32″ 飛馬座 150 A8m:/DA [4][5]
角宿一 13h 25m 11.6s -11° 09′ 40.8″ 室女座 250 B1 [6]
骑官十 14h 41m 56s –47° 23′ 17″ 豺狼座 550 B1.5 [7][6]
心宿二 16h 29m 24s –26° 25′ 55″ 天蝎座 600 M1.5Iab-b [8][6]
参宿四 05h 55m 10.3s +07° 24′ 25″ 獵戶座 640 M2Iab [1][9]
天社一 08h 09m 32.0s −47° 20′ 12″ 船帆座 800 WC8 [9]
参宿七 05h 14m 32.3s –08° 12′ 06″ 猎户座 860 B8Ia [10][6]
弧矢九 7h 17m 08s –37° 05′ 51″ 船尾座 1,100 K3 Ib
金牛座119 05h 32m 12.8s +18° 35′ 40″ 金牛座 1,700 M2Iab-Ib
蛇夫座RS 17h 50m 13.2s –06° 42′ 28″ 蛇夫座 1,950–5,200 M2III/D [11][12]
HD 168625 18h 21m 19.5s −16° 22′ 26″ 人馬座 7,200 B6Ia [13]
羅盤座T 09h 04m 41.5s −32° 22′ 48″ 羅盤座 3,260 [14][15]
HD 179821 19h 13m 58.6s +00° 07′ 32″ 天鷹座 3,300 G5Ia [16][17]
大犬座VY 07h 22m 58.3s −25° 46′ 03″ 大犬座 4,900 M5eIa [18][19]
Sher 25 11h 15m 07.8s −61° 15′ 17″ 船底座 ~20,000 B1.5Iab [20]
海山二 10h 45m 03.6s −59° 41′ 04″ 船底座 7,000–8,000 B3-5Ia0/O7I(WC8) [21][22]
WR 104 18h 02m 04.1s –23° 37′ 41″ 人馬座 8,000 WC9d/OB [23][24]
IRC+10420 19h 26m 48.1s +11° 21′ 17″ 天鷹座 10,000-23,000 F8Ia+ [25][26]
仙后座ρ 23h 54m 23.0s +57° 29′ 58″ 仙后座 12,000 G2Ia0e [27]
HD 179821 19h 13m 58.6s +00° 07′ 32″ 天鷹座 20,000 G5Ia [17][28]
船尾座V445 07h 37m 56.9s –25° 56′ 59″ 船尾座 27,000 [29]
天蝎座U 16h 22m 30.7s –17° 52′ 42″ 天蝎座 39,000 [30]
KPD1930+2752 19h 32m 14.9s +27° 58′ 35″ 天鵝座 sdB/D [nb 1][31][32]

註解[编辑]

  1. ^ The Kitt Peak Downes star.

參考資料[编辑]

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