通變系統

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通變系統Diasystem)是一個語言學的名詞,指同一種語言因為地理、政治、文字或其他非語言學的原因,而被認為是兩種不同的語言系統。它不同於方言:方言可能是因為長久的分隔,而使語言間產生了語音上的變化,繼而發展成為方言。但對於通變系統內的語言,卻沒有這種語音上的變化;不過亦有可能因為政治或地理環境的變化,而使用詞有所不同。

例子[编辑]

参见[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

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延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Bailey, Charles-James N. Variation and Linguistic Theory. Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics. 1973. 
  • Bickerton, Derek. Dynamics of a Creole System. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1976. 
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  • Cochrane, G. R. The Australian English vowels as a diasystem. Word. 1959, 15: 69–88. 
  • Francescato, Giuseppe. Structural comparison, diasystems, and dialectology. Zeitschrift für romanische philologie. 1965a, 81: 484–491. 
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  • Moulton, William G. The short vowel systems of Northern Switzerland: a study in structural dialectology. Word. 1960, 37: 155–182. 
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  • Weinreich, Uriel; Labov, William; Herzog, Marvin. Empirical foundations for a theory of language change. (编) Lehmann, Winfred P.; Malkiel, Yakov. Directions for historical linguistics: a symposium. University of Texas Press. 1968: 97–195.