鄉野地蟹

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鄉野地蟹
Cuban Red Crab (Gecarcinus ruricola), Bahía de Cochinos.jpg
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 节肢动物门 Arthropoda
纲: 软甲纲 Malacostraca
目: 十足目 Decapoda
科: 地蟹科 Gecarcinidae
属: 地蟹屬 Gecarcinus
种: 鄉野地蟹 G. ruricola
二名法
Gecarcinus ruricola
(Linnaeus, 1758[1]
異名 [2]
  • Cancer ruricolus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Ocypode tourlourou Latreille, 1803
  • Gecarcinus agricola Reichenbach, 1828
  • Ocypode rubra Fréminville, 1835

鄉野地蟹Gecarcinus ruricola)是地蟹屬的一個種,發現於古巴和整個安的列斯群島[3]

鄉野地蟹

鄉野地蟹共有黑、紅、黃、綠四種顏色[4],甲寬可達12釐米。壽命可達10年[4]

與人類的關係[编辑]

鄉野地蟹數量極多,聖卡塔利娜島上的種群數量一度達到每平米0.4隻,但由於人類的捕捉,其數量有所下降。它曾出現在坦桑尼亞烏干達的貨比上[5]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Gecarcinus ruricola. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (英语). 
  2. ^ Peter K. L. Ng; Danièle Guinot; Peter J. F. Davie. Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant Brachyuran crabs of the world (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 2008, 17: 1–286. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2011-06-06). 
  3. ^ Richard G. Hartnoll; Mark S. P. Baine; Yolima Grandas; Jennifer James & Helen Atkin. Population biology of the black land crab, Gecarcinus ruricola, in the San Andres archipelago, Western Caribbean. Journal of Crustacean Biology. 2006, 26 (3): 316–325. doi:10.1651/C-2640.1. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Why do we see Crabs in the Quill? (PDF). St Eustatius: National and Marine Parks and Botanical Gardens Newsletter. 2009: 5 [2019-02-20]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2012-02-24). 
  5. ^ Makoto Omori & Lipke B. Holthuis. Crustaceans on postage stamps from 1870 to and including 2002: revised article for our paper in 2000 and addendum (PDF). Journal of the Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology. 2005, 1: 1–39.