# 酒精標準單位

“標準單位”這個名詞在英國發布的第一個指南（1984年）中曾被用到，作為飲酒的“安全範圍”，但在1987年的指南中，標準單位被酒精單位英语Unit of alcohol所取代，之後英國的指南均採用酒精單位這個名詞。[7]一份酒精單位的定義是10毫升（8克）純酒精。[8][9]這個酒精單位定義與任何單個酒精飲料的濃度（ABV）和飲料份量（體積）無關。瓶或罐中的酒精單位數目標明在飲料容器上（或是標明每份飲料中所包含的酒精單位）。典型每份飲料包含1–3單位的酒精。[10]

## 各國定義

• 一瓶12液體盎司(341毫升)含有5%酒精的啤酒、蘋果酒、清涼飲料
• 一份1.5液體盎司(43毫升)含有40%酒精的蒸餾酒(伏特加朗姆酒威士忌琴酒等)
• 一杯5液體盎司(142毫升)含有12%酒精的葡萄酒。[23]

## 純酒精質量的計算

${\displaystyle 350\,\mathrm {mL} \times 0.055\times 0.78924\,\mathrm {g} /\mathrm {mL} \approx 15.19\,\mathrm {g} }$

${\displaystyle 0.35\,\mathrm {L} \times 0.055\times 789.24\,\mathrm {g} /\mathrm {L} \approx 15.19\,\mathrm {g} }$

## 參考文獻

1. ^ 14 grams of alcohol is 0.6 US fluid ounces or 18 mL.
2. ^ rethinkingdrinking.niaaa.nih.gov, US NIH Web site:What's a "standard" drink?
3. ^ Alcohol: the Devil is in the Details {So why won’t major American wine media run %s in reviews?}
4. Guide to Labelling of Alcoholic Beverages
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6. ^ Mongan, Deirdre; Long, Jean. Standard drink measures throughout Europe; peoples' understanding of standard drinks and their use in drinking guidelines, alcohol surveys and labelling (PDF). Reducing Alcohol Related Harm: 8. May 22, 2015 [September 26, 2017].
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8. ^
9. ^ How long does alcohol stay in your blood?. NHS Choices. [11 February 2015].
10. UK NHS:How long does alcohol stay in your blood?, reviewed 2013
11. https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/health-knowledge-gateway/glossary#Glossarystandarddrink
12. ^ Furtwaengler, Nina A. F. F.; De Visser, Richard O. Lack of international consensus in low-risk drinking guidelines. Drug and Alcohol Review. 2013, 32 (1): 11–18. PMID 22672631. doi:10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00475.x.
13. AUDIT The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (Second Edition) (pdf). WHO. 2001 [2020-01-02].
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15. ^ http://www.rarha.eu/Resources/Deliverables/Lists/Work%20Package%206/Attachments/10/RARHA_Toolkit_WP6.pdf
16. ^ https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/health-knowledge-gateway/promotion-prevention/alcohol
17. ^ Population Health Division, Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing The Australian Standard Drink
18. Drinking Guidelines: General Population. IARD.org. International Alliance for Responsible Drinking. [23 June 2016].
19. ^ Canadian Public Health Association. URL: [1]. 2006.
20. ^ Centre for Addiction and Mental Health / Centre de toxicomanie et de santé mentale Low-Risk Drinking Guidelines
22. ^ https://vancouverisland.ctvnews.ca/uvic-study-suggests-setting-minimum-alcohol-price-could-reduce-deaths-hospital-visits-1.5166558
23. ^ https://www.rethinkyourdrinking.ca/what-is-a-standard-drink/
24. ^ paihdelinkki.fi, How to use alcohol wisely
25. ^ Was ist ein Standardglas? [What is a standard drink?]. Alkohol? Kenn dein Limit. Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung. [September 26, 2017] （德语）.
26. ^ Department of Health Alcohol and Health: Hong Kong Situation
27. ^ Landlæknisembættið, Icelandic Directorate of Health
28. ^ Hope, A. A Standard Drink in Ireland: What strength? (PDF). Health Service Executive. 2009 [2 February 2015].
29. ^ Units of alcoholic drink 飲酒量の単位. Japan MHLW e-healthnet. [2020-01-02] （日语）.
30. ^ MHLW. tips on alcohol use control consultation - Core-AUDIT アルコール指導のポイント Core-AUDITの章 (PDF). Japan National Institute of Public Health: 48. [2020-01-02] （日语）.
31. ^ New Zealand Food Safety Authority 互联网档案馆存檔，存档日期2008-07-04.
32. ^ Alcohol Advisory Council of New Zealand (ALAC) What's in a Standard Drink
33. ^ Standardglas
34. ^ PRODIGY Knowledge (Department of Health) Alcohol and Sensible Drinking 互联网档案馆存檔，存档日期2006-09-25.
35. ^ Alcohol and Public Health: Frequently Asked Questions. CDC. [2011-10-17].