鉬的同位素

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原子量:95.94(2))共有41個同位素,其中有4個同位素是穩定的。

圖表[编辑]

符號 Z(p N(n 同位素質量(u 半衰期[n 1] 衰變
方式
[1][n 2]
衰變
產物
[n 3]
原子核
自旋
相對豐度
莫耳分率)
相對豐度
的變化量
莫耳分率)
激發能量
83Mo 42 41 82.94874(54)# 23(19) ms β+, p 82Zr 3/2-#
β+ 83Nb
[6(+30-3) ms][2] ε
84Mo 42 42 83.94009(43)# 3.8(9) ms
[3.7(+10-8) s]
β+ 84Nb 0+
85Mo 42 43 84.93655(30)# 3.2(2) s β+ 85Nb (1/2-)#
86Mo 42 44 85.93070(47) 19.6(11) s β+ 86Nb 0+
87Mo 42 45 86.92733(24) 14.05(23) s β+ (85%) 87Nb 7/2+#
β+, p (15%) 86Zr
88Mo 42 46 87.921953(22) 8.0(2) min β+ 88Nb 0+
89Mo 42 47 88.919480(17) 2.11(10) min β+ 89Nb (9/2+)
89mMo 387.5(2) keV 190(15) ms IT 89Mo (1/2-)
90Mo 42 48 89.913937(7) 5.56(9) h β+ 90Nb 0+
90mMo 2874.73(15) keV 1.12(5) µs 8+#
91Mo 42 49 90.911750(12) 15.49(1) min β+ 91Nb 9/2+
91mMo 653.01(9) keV 64.6(6) s IT (50.1%) 91Mo 1/2-
β+ (49.9%) 91Nb
92Mo 42 50 91.906811(4) 觀測上穩定[n 4] 0+ 0.14649(106)
92mMo 2760.46(16) keV 190(3) ns 8+
93Mo 42 51 92.906813(4) 4,000(800) a ε 93Nb 5/2+
93mMo 2424.89(3) keV 6.85(7) h IT (99.88%) 93Mo 21/2+
β+ (.12%) 93Nb
94Mo 42 52 93.9050883(21) 稳定[n 5] 0+ 0.09187(33)
95Mo[n 6] 42 53 94.9058421(21) 稳定[n 5] 5/2+ 0.15873(30)
96Mo 42 54 95.9046795(21) 稳定[n 5] 0+ 0.16673(30)
97Mo[n 6] 42 55 96.9060215(21) 稳定[n 5] 5/2+ 0.09582(15)
98
Mo
[n 6]
42 56 97.9054082(21) 觀測上穩定[n 7] 0+ 0.24292(80)
99Mo[n 6][n 8] 42 57 98.9077119(21) 2.7489(6) d β 99mTc 1/2+
99m1Mo 97.785(3) keV 15.5(2) µs 5/2+
99m2Mo 684.5(4) keV 0.76(6) µs 11/2-
100Mo[n 9][n 6] 42 58 99.907477(6) 8.5(5)×1018 a ββ 100Ru 0+ 0.09744(65)
101Mo 42 59 100.910347(6) 14.61(3) min β 101Tc 1/2+
102Mo 42 60 101.910297(22) 11.3(2) min β 102Tc 0+
103Mo 42 61 102.91321(7) 67.5(15) s β 103Tc (3/2+)
104Mo 42 62 103.91376(6) 60(2) s β 104Tc 0+
105Mo 42 63 104.91697(8) 35.6(16) s β 105Tc (5/2-)
106Mo 42 64 105.918137(19) 8.73(12) s β 106Tc 0+
107Mo 42 65 106.92169(17) 3.5(5) s β 107Tc (7/2-)
107mMo 66.3(2) keV 470(30) ns (5/2-)
108Mo 42 66 107.92345(21)# 1.09(2) s β 108Tc 0+
109Mo 42 67 108.92781(32)# 0.53(6) s β 109Tc (7/2-)#
110Mo 42 68 109.92973(43)# 0.27(1) s β (>99.9%) 110Tc 0+
β, n (<.1%) 109Tc
111Mo 42 69 110.93441(43)# 200# ms
[>300 ns]
β 111Tc
112Mo 42 70 111.93684(64)# 150# ms
[>300 ns]
β 112Tc 0+
113Mo 42 71 112.94188(64)# 100# ms
[>300 ns]
β 113Tc
114Mo 42 72 113.94492(75)# 80# ms
[>300 ns]
0+
115Mo 42 73 114.95029(86)# 60# ms
[>300 ns]
116Mo 42 74 (116)# > 391 ns[3] β[3] 116Tc 0+[3]
β, n[3] 115Tc
117Mo[4] 42 75 (117)# (> 393) ns[4] β, 2n[4] 115
Tc
β, n[4] 116
Tc
β[4] 117
Tc
118Mo 42 76 (118)#

備註:畫上#號的數據代表沒有經過實驗的証明,只是理論推測而已,而用括號括起來的代表數據不確定性。

同位素列表
鈮的同位素 鉬的同位素 锝的同位素

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ Bold for isotopes with half-lives longer than the age of the universe (nearly stable)
  2. ^ Abbreviations:
    ε: Electron capture
    IT: Isomeric transition
  3. ^ Bold for stable isotopes
  4. ^ Believed to decay by β+β+ to 92Zr with a half-life over 1.9×1020 years
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Believed to be capable of spontaneous fission
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Fission product
  7. ^ Believed to decay by ββ to 98Ru with a half-life of over 1×1014 years
  8. ^ Used to produce the medically useful radioisotope technetium-99m
  9. ^ Primordial radionuclide

参考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ http://www.nucleonica.net/unc.aspx
  2. ^ molybdenum-83 :Table of Nuclides Brookhaven National Laboratory Interactive, nndc.bnl.gov [2015-9-14]
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 molybdenum-116 :Table of Nuclides Brookhaven National Laboratory Interactive, nndc.bnl.gov [2015-9-14]
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 molybdenum-117 :Table of Nuclides Brookhaven National Laboratory Interactive, nndc.bnl.gov [2015-9-14]