閉央圓唇元音

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闭央圆唇元音
ʉ
ü
国际音标编号 318
编码
HTML码 十进制 ʉ
Unicode 十六进制 U+0289
X-SAMPA音标 }
ASCII音标 u"
声音

閉央不圓唇元音母音的一種,使用於許多口語語言之中,其國際音標的符號為 ʉ,另一种符号为 ü/ue,相對應的X-SAMPA符號則為 }

在很多語言中發此音時會突起嘴唇。但也有少數情況嘴唇是扁平的。

特徵[编辑]

发音方式[编辑]

舌面中央部分向硬腭中部隆起,嘴唇向两边展开。

发音列表[编辑]

註釋[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

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  • Chirkova, Katia; Chen, Yiya, Lizu (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 2013, 43 (1): 75–86, doi:10.1017/S0025100312000242 
  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine, Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2009 
  • Harrington, J.; Cox, F.; Evans, Z., An acoustic phonetic study of broad, general, and cultivated Australian English vowels (PDF), Australian Journal of Linguistics, 1997, 17: 155–184, doi:10.1080/07268609708599550 
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  • Mannell, R.; Cox, F.; Harrington, J., An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology, Macquarie University, 2009 
  • Matthews, William, Cockney, Past and Present: a Short History of the Dialect of London, Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1938 
  • Ní Chasaide, Ailbhe, Irish, Handbook of the International Phonetic Association, Cambridge University Press: 111–16, 1999, ISBN 0-521-63751-1 
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  • Ó Sé, Diarmuid, Gaeilge Chorca Dhuibhne, Dublin: Institiúid Teangeolaíochta Éireann, 2000, ISBN 0-946452-97-0 (爱尔兰文) 
  • Przedlacka, Joanna, Estuary English and RP: Some Recent Findings, Studia Anglica Posnaniensia, 2001, 36: 35–50 
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  • Schuh, Russell G.; Yalwa, Lawan D., Hausa, Handbook of the International Phonetic Association, Cambridge University Press: 90–95, 1999, ISBN 0-521-63751-1 
  • Urua, Eno-Abasi E., Ibibio, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 2004, 34 (1): 105–109, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001550 
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  • Watt, Dominic; Allen, William, Tyneside English, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 2003, 33 (2): 267–271, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001397