阿得拉尔

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阿得拉尔
an image of the amphetamine skeletal formula
a 3d image of the dextroamphetamine compound found in Adderall
组成
amphetamine aspartate monohydrate 25% – 中樞神經刺激劑
(12.5% levo; 12.5% dextro)
amphetamine sulfate 25% – 中樞神經刺激劑
(12.5% levo; 12.5% dextro)
dextroamphetamine saccharate 25% – 中樞神經刺激劑
(0% levo; 25% dextro)
dextroamphetamine sulfate 25% – 中樞神經刺激劑
(0% levo; 25% dextro)
临床数据
商品名 Adderall, Adderall XR, Mydayis
Drugs.com Monograph
MedlinePlus a601234
医疗法规
妊娠分级
  • US: C (不排除有风险的可能)
依赖性 生理: 無[1]
心理: 中等[2]
成瘾性 中等
给药途径 口服噴射英语Insufflation (medicine)栓剂口腔黏膜吸收
合法狀態
合法状态
识别信息
CAS注册号300-62-9 ✓ 51-64-9
ATC代码 N06BA02 N06BA01
PubChem CID 3007
IUPHAR/BPS英语IUPHAR/BPS 4804
DrugBank DB00182 ✓
ChemSpider 13852819 ✓
KEGG D03740 ✓
ChEBI CHEBI:2679 ✓
ChEMBL英语ChEMBL CHEMBL405 ✓

阿得拉尔阿得拉(英語:AdderallAdderall XRMydayis)是一种复方药英语combination drug,包含中樞神經系統兴奋剂苯丙胺的两种对映异构体的四种盐类。阿得拉尔主要用于治疗注意力不足過動症(ADHD)和發作性嗜睡病,也有人用它作运动员兴奋剂英语Performance-enhancing substance益智药,以及享乐时用作春药欣快剂

文獻來源[编辑]

  1. ^ Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE. Chapter 15: Reinforcement and Addictive Disorders. (编) Sydor A, Brown RY. Molecular Neuropharmacology: A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience 2nd. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical. 2009: 367. ISBN 9780071481274. While physical dependence and withdrawal occur with some drugs of abuse (opiates, ethanol), these phenomena are not useful in the diagnosis of addiction because they do not occur with other drugs of abuse (cocaine, amphetamine) and can occur with many drugs that are not abused (propranolol, clonidine). 
  2. ^ Stahl SM (March 2017). "Amphetamine (D,L)". Prescriber's Guide: Stahl's Essential Psychopharmacology (6th ed.). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. pp. 45–51. ISBN 9781108228749. Retrieved 5 August 2017.