青壯年

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青壯年(young adult)一般是指年齡在20至39歲(或40歲)的成人,不過也有不同的定義(例如爱利克·埃里克森提出的埃里克森社会心理发展阶段等)[1][2]。成人在青壯年之後的階段稱為中年,年齡約為40歲(或41歲)至64歲。65歲及65歲以上的稱為老年[3]

A group of teenagers in Texas, USA, May 1973. The term teenager is often considered synonymous with youth.

相關條目[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ The Theoretical Basis for the Life Model-Research And Resources On Human Development (PDF). [2009-08-11]. 
  2. ^ PSY 345 Lecture Notes – Ego Psychologists, Erik Erikson (PDF). [2009-08-11]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2010-10-16). 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Martin Briner, Erik Erikson page, 1999, on Briner's site about learning theories, USMA Department of Mathematical Sciences, Center for Assessment and Program Evaluation (CAPE), United States Military Academy at West Point. Accessed 24 November 2006.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 Levinson, Daniel J. A conception of adult development. American Psychologist. 1986, 41 (1): 3–13. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.41.1.3. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Rapoport & Rapoport 1980, p. 46.
  6. ^ Sheehy 1996, p. 15.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman 2009, p. 411.
  8. ^ Sheehy 1996, p. 10.
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Sheehy 1996, p. 59.
  10. ^ Birch 1997, p. 220.
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 11.2 Tarpenning KM, Hamilton-Wessler M, Wiswell RA, Hawkins SA. Endurance training delays age of decline in leg strength and muscle morphology. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2004, 36 (1): 74–8. PMID 14707771. doi:10.1249/01.MSS.0000106179.73735.A6. 
  12. ^ Knechtle B, Rüst CA, Rosemann T, Lepers R. Age-related changes in 100-km ultra-marathon running performance. Age. 2012, 34 (4): 1033–45. PMC 3682063. PMID 21796378. doi:10.1007/s11357-011-9290-9. 
  13. ^ Emilio, Emilio J. Martínez-López; Hita-Contreras, Fidel; Jiménez-Lara, Pilar M.; Latorre-Román, Pedro; Martínez-Amat, Antonio. The Association of Flexibility, Balance, and Lumbar Strength with Balance Ability: Risk of Falls in Older Adults. J Sports Sci Med. 1 May 2014, 13 (2): 349–357. PMC 3990889. PMID 24790489. 
  14. ^ MedlinePlus百科全书 Infertility
  15. ^ pmhdev. Infertility: Overview. 25 March 2015 –通过www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. 
  16. ^ Leridon, H. Can assisted reproduction technology compensate for the natural decline in fertility with age? A model assessment. Human Reproduction. 2004, 19 (7): 1548–53. PMID 15205397. doi:10.1093/humrep/deh304. 
  17. ^ Life Expectancy Profiles. BBC. 6 June 2005 [2007-06-26]. 
  18. ^ UK cancer mortality statistics by age. Cancer Research UK. May 2007 [2007-06-26]. 
  19. ^ Cancers at a glance. Cancer Research UK. May 2007 [2007-06-26]. 
  20. ^ Ngom, Pierre & Clark, Samuel. Adult Mortality In The Era Of HIV/AIDS: Sub-Saharan Africa (pdf). Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat. 18 August 2003 [2007-06-26]. 
  21. ^ Erikson 1975, p. 255.
  22. ^ 22.0 22.1 Erikson 1975, p. 155.
  23. ^ Erikson 1975, p. 257.
  24. ^ Birch 1997, p. 227.
  25. ^ Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman 2009, p. 298.
  26. ^ Erikson 1975, pp. 254–6.
  27. ^ Vandegrift, Darcie. 'We don't have any limits': Russian young adult life narratives through a social generations lens. Journal of Youth Studies. 2015, 19 (2): 221–36. doi:10.1080/13676261.2015.1059930. 
  28. ^ Sheehy 1996, p. 47.
  29. ^ Rapoport & Rapoport 1980, p. 72.
  30. ^ Sheehy 1996, p. 55.
  31. ^ Sheehy 1996, p. 14.

外部連結[编辑]

前任:
青少年 Adolescence
人類發展階段英语Human development (biology)
Young Adult
繼任:
中年 Middle age