本页使用了标题或全文手工转换

香港蝴蝶列表

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索
香港的生態區位置
香港位於東洋界東北部的熱帶亞熱帶濕潤闊葉林英语Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (深綠色),毗鄰北面的古北界
香港夏威夷處於同一緯度 (22°15'北)

香港位處亞熱帶地區,同時處於兩個生物地理分佈區——古北界東洋界交界附近。加上地勢複雜,孕育出上千種植物,滿足了各種生活在不同棲息地的蝴蝶,並且為幼蟲和成蟲提供充足又多樣的食糧。這獨特的天然環境使不少蝴蝶物種於香港境內發現。現時香港共記錄了248種蝴蝶,當中有1種獨有亞種,另外有30種為存疑種及迷蝶。

統計[编辑]

香港各科蝴蝶統計

  鳳蝶科 Papilionidae: 21 種
  弄蝶科 Hesperiidae: 61 種
  粉蝶科 Pieridae: 21 種
  蜆蝶科 Riodinidae: 3 種
  灰蝶科 Lycaenidae: 56 種
  蛺蝶科 Nymphalidae: 86 種
  • 合共248種固有種


鳳蝶科[编辑]

燕鳳蝶著名於牠修長的翅尾和前翅擁有透明翅室

鳳蝶亞科[编辑]

四種青鳳蝶屬物種
從左至右,上至下分別為:
寬帶青鳳蝶、青鳳蝶、木蘭青鳳蝶、統帥青鳳蝶
兩種裳鳳蝶屬物種
裳鳳蝶(上)和金裳鳳蝶(下)皆受香港法例——瀕危動植物物種條例(第586章)保護
  1. 燕鳳蝶(White Dragontail)- Lamproptera curius walkeri (Moore, 1902)
  2. 寬帶青鳳蝶(Glassy Bluebottle)- Graphium cloanthus clymenus (Leech, 1893)
  3. 青鳳蝶(Common Bluebottle)- Graphium sarpedon sarpedon (Linnaeus, 1758)
  4. 木蘭青鳳蝶(Common Jay)- Graphium doson axion (C. & R. Felder, 1864)
  5. 統帥青鳳蝶(Tailed Jay)- Graphium agamemnon agamemnon (Linnaeus, 1758)
  6. 綠鳳蝶(Five-bar Swordtail)- Graphium antiphates antiphates (Cramer, [1775])
  7. 柑橘鳳蝶(Swallowtail)- Papilio xuthus xuthus Linnaeus, 1767
  8. 達摩鳳蝶(Lime Butterfly)- Papilio demoleus demoleus Linnaeus, 1758
  9. 玉帶鳳蝶(Common Mormon)- Papilio polytes polytes Linnaeus, 1758
  10. 玉斑鳳蝶(Red Helen)- Papilio helenus helenus Linnaeus, 1758
  11. 美鳳蝶(Great Mormon)- Papilio memnon agenor Linnaeus, 1758
  12. 藍鳳蝶(Spangle)- Papilio protenor protenor Cramer, [1775]
  13. 褐斑鳳蝶(Tawny Mime)- Papilio agestor kuangtungensis Mell, 1935
  14. 斑鳳蝶(Common Mime)- Papilio clytia clytia Linnaeus, 1758
  15. 巴黎翠鳳蝶(Paris Peacock)- Papilio paris paris Linnaeus, 1758
  16. 碧鳳蝶(Chinese Peacock)- Papilio bianor bianor Cramer, [1777]
  17. 穹翠鳳蝶(Southern Chinese Peacock)- Papilio dialis dialis Leech, 1893
  18. 中華麝鳳蝶(Chinese Windmill)- Byasa confusus (Jordan, 1896)
  19. 紅珠鳳蝶(Common Rose)- Atrophaneura aristolochiae goniopeltis (Rothschild, 1908)
  20. 裳鳳蝶(Common Birdwing)- Troides helena spilotia Rothschild, 1908
  21. 金裳鳳蝶(Golden Birdwing)- Troides aeacus aeacus (C. & R. Felder, 1860)

弄蝶科[编辑]

豎翅弄蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 白傘弄蝶(Pale Awlet)- Burara gomata gomata (Moore, [1866])
  2. 橙翅傘弄蝶(Orange-striped Awlet)- Burara jaina jaina (Moore, [1866])
  3. 黑斑傘弄蝶(Orange Awlet)- Burara oedipodea belesis (Mabille, 1876)
  4. 無趾弄蝶(Slate Awl)- Hasora anura china Evans, 1949
  5. 雙斑趾弄蝶(Banded Awl)- Hasora chromus chromus (Cramer, [1780])
  6. 銀針趾弄蝶(White-banded Awl)- Hasora taminatus malayana (C. & R. Felder, 1860)
  7. 三斑趾弄蝶(Common Awl)- Hasora badra badra (Moore, [1858])
  8. 緯帶趾弄蝶(Plain Banded Awl)- Hasora vitta indica Evans, 1932
  9. 尖翅弄蝶(Brown Awl)- Badamia exclamationis (Fabricius, 1775)
  10. 綠弄蝶(Indian Awl King)- Choaspes benjaminii formosana (Fruhstorfer, 1911)
  11. 半黃綠弄蝶(Orange Red Skirt)- Choaspes hemixanthus japonica (Murray, 1875)

花弄蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 白角星弄蝶(白觸星弄蝶,Common Spotted Flat)- Celaenorrhinus leucocera (Kollar, [1844])
  2. 匪荑捷弄蝶(White-banded Flat)- Gerosis phisara rex Evans, 1949
  3. 沾邊裙弄蝶(Water Snow Flat)- Tagiades litigiosus litigiosa Moschler, 1878
  4. 黑邊裙弄蝶(Dark Edged Snow Flat)- Tagiades menaka menaka (Moore, [1866])
  5. 角翅弄蝶(Chestnut Angle)- Odontoptilum angulata angulatum (Felder, 1862)
  6. 白弄蝶(Magpie Flat)- Abraximorpha davidii davidii (Mabille, 1876)
  7. 白彩弄蝶(Spotted Angle)- Caprona alida alida (de Niceville, 1891)

弄蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 草黃弄蝶(Tamil Grass Dart)- Taractrocera ceramas (Hewitson, 1868)
  2. 薇黃弄蝶(Common Grass Dart)- Taractrocera maevius (Fabricius, 1793)
  3. 擬黃室弄蝶(木黃室弄蝶,Common Dart)- Potanthus pseudomaesa clio (Evans, 1932)
  4. 斷紋黃室弄蝶(Lesser Band Dart)- Potanthus trachala trachala (Mabille, 1878)
  5. 孔子黃室弄蝶(Chinese Dart)- Potanthus confucius confucius (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
  6. 寬紋黃室弄蝶(Yellow Band Dart)- Potanthus pava pava (Fruhstorfer, 1911)
  7. 紅翅長標弄蝶(Greenish Palm Dart)- Telicota ancilla horisha Evans, 1934
  8. 長標弄蝶(Pale Palm Dart)- Telicota colon stinga Evans, 1949
  9. 黃紋長標弄蝶(Dark Palm Dart)- Telicota ohara formosana Fruhstorfer, 1911
  10. 黑脈長標弄蝶(Hainan Palm Dart)- Telicota besta besta Evans, 1949
  11. 金斑弄蝶(Plain Palm Dart)- Cephrenes acalle (Hopffer, 1874)
  12. 直紋稻弄蝶(Common Straight Swift)- Parnara guttata (Bremer & Grey, [1852])
  13. 曲紋稻弄蝶(Rare Swift)- Parnara ganga Evans, 1937
  14. 么紋稻弄蝶(Oriental Straight Swift)- Parnara bada bada (Moore, 1878)
  15. 秈弄蝶(Formosan Swift)- Borbo cinnara (Wallace, 1866)
  16. 擬秈弄蝶(Bevan's Swift)- Pseudoborbo bevani (Moore, 1878)
  17. 隱紋段弄蝶(Small Branded Swift)- Pelopidas tnathias oberthueri Evans, 1937
  18. 印度穀弄蝶(Great Swift)- Pelopidas assamensis (de Niceville, 1882)
  19. 古銅穀弄蝶(Conjoined Swift)- Pelopidas conjuncta conjuncta (Herrick-Schaffer, 1869)
  20. 南亞穀弄蝶(Little Branded Swift)- Pelopidas agna agna (Moore, [1866])
  21. 近赭穀弄蝶(Large Branded Swift)- Pelopidas subochraceus barneyi (Evans, 1937)
  22. 黃紋孔弄蝶(Contiguous Swift)- Polytremis lubricans lubricans (Herrich-Schaffer, 1869)
  23. 刺脛弄蝶(Paintbrush Swift)- Baoris larri farri (Moore, 1878)
  24. 斑珂弄蝶(無斑珂弄蝶,Colon Swift)- Caltoris bromus bromus (Leech, 1894)
  25. 珂弄蝶(放踵珂弄蝶,Dark Swift)- Caltoris cahira (Moore, 1877)
  26. 素弄蝶(Indian Palm Bob)- Suastus gremius gretnius (Fabricius, 1798)
  27. 黃裳腫脈弄蝶(Purple and Gold Flitter)- Zographetus satwa (de Niceville, [1884))
  28. 希弄蝶(Tree Flitter)- Hyarotis adrastus praba (Moore, [1886])
  29. 黃斑蕉弄蝶(Banana Skipper)- Erionota torus Evans, 1941
  30. 瑪弄蝶(Common Redeye)- Matapa aria (Moore, [1866))
  31. 旖弄蝶(Shiny-spotted Bob)- Isoteinon lamprospilus lamprospilus C. & R. Felder, 1862
  32. 腌翅弄蝶(Forest Hopper)- Astictopterus jama chinensis (Leech, 1890)
  33. 雅弄蝶(Chestnut Bob)- Iambrix salsala salsala (Moore, [1866])
  34. 曲紋袖弄蝶(Restricted Demon)- Notocrypta curvifascia curvifascia (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
  35. 窄紋袖弄蝶(Common Banded Demon)- Notocrypta paralysos (Wood-Mason & de Niceville, 1881)
  36. 薑弄蝶(Grass Demon)- Udaspes folus (Cramer, [1775])
  37. 黃斑弄蝶(Bush Hopper)- Ampittia dioscorides etura (Mabille, 1891)
  38. 鉤形黃斑弄蝶(Striped Bush Hopper)- Ampittia virgata virgata (Leech, 1890)
  39. 寬鍔弄蝶(Jhora Scrub Hopper)- Aeromachus jhora jhora (de Nictville, 1885)
  40. 侏儒鍔弄蝶(Pigmy Scrub Hopper)- Aeromachus pygmaeus (Fabricius, 1775)
  41. 雙子酣弄蝶(Dark Brown Ace)- Halpe porus (Mabille, [1877))
  42. 珀酣弄蝶*(Beaggar's Ace)- Halpe paupera walthewi Devyatkin, 2002
  43. 黑斑陀弄蝶(Monastyrsky's Ace)- Thoressa monastyrskyi Devyatkin, 1996

註*: 此為香港獨有亞種

粉蝶科[编辑]

粉蝶亞科[编辑]

四種斑粉蝶屬物種
從左至右,上至下分別為:
報喜斑粉蝶、紅腋斑粉蝶、
優越斑粉蝶、豔婦斑粉蝶
  1. 東方菜粉蝶(Indian Cabbage White)- Pieris canidia canidia (Linnaeus, 1768)
  2. 菜紛蝶(Small Cabbage White)- Pieris rapae crucivora Boisduval, 1836
  3. 黑脈園粉蝶(Common Gull)- Cepora nerissa nerissa (Fabricius, 1775)
  4. 橙粉蝶(Yellow Orange Tip)- Ixias pyrene pyrene (Linnaeus, 1764)
  5. 豔婦斑粉蝶(Hill Jezebel)- Delias belladonna kwangtungensis Talbot, 1928
  6. 報喜斑粉蝶(Red-base Jezebel)- Deltas pasithoe pasithoe (Linnaeus, 1767)
  7. 紅腋斑粉蝶(Red-breast Jezebel)- Deltas acalis acalis (Godart, 1819)
  8. 優越斑粉蝶(Painted Jezebel)- Delias hyparete hierte Hübner, 1818
  9. 鋸粉蝶(Spotted Sawtooth)- Prioneris thestylis formosana Fruhstorfer, 1903
  10. 紅肩鋸粉蝶(Red-spot Sawtooth)- Prioneris philonome clemanthe (Doubleday, 1846)
  11. 靈奇尖紛蝶(Chocolate Albatross)- Appias lyncida eleonora (Boisduval, 1836)
  12. 白翅尖粉蝶(Common Albatross)- Appias albina darada (C. & R. Felder, [1865])
  13. 纖紛蝶(Psyche)- Leptosia nina nina (Fabricius, 1793)
  14. 鶴頂粉蝶(Great Orange Tip)- Hebomoia glaucippe glaucippe (Linnaeus, 1758)

黃粉蝶亞科[编辑]

四種黃粉蝶屬物種
從左至右,上至下分別為:
檗黃粉蝶、寬邊黃粉蝶、
無標黃粉蝶、尖角黃粉蝶
  1. 遷粉蝶(Lemon Emigrant)- Catopsilia pomona pomona (Fabricius, 1775)
  2. 梨花遷粉蝶(Mottled Emigrant)- Catopsilia pyranthe pyranthe (Linnaeus, 1758)
  3. 檀方粉蝶(Tailed Sulphur)- Dercas verhuelli verhuelli (van der Hoeven, 1839)
  4. 檗黃粉蝶(Three-spot Grass Yellow)- Eurema blanda hylama Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932
  5. 無標黃粉蝶(Small Grass Yellow)- Eurema brigitta rubella (Wallace, 1867)
  6. 寬邊黃粉蝶(Common Grass Yellow)- Eurema hecabe hecabe (Linnaeus, 1758)
  7. 尖角黃粉蝶(Spotless Grass Yellow)- Eurema laeta betheseba (Janson, 1878)

蜆蝶科[编辑]

  1. 蛇目褐蜆蝶(Plum Judy)- Abisara echerius echerius (Stoll, [1790])
  2. 波蜆蝶(Punchinello)- Zemeros flegyas flegyas (Cramer, [1780])
  3. 大斑尾蜆蝶(Orange Punch)- Dodona egeon egeon (Westwood, [1851])

灰蝶科[编辑]

銀灰蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 尖翅銀灰蝶(Toothed Sunbeam)- Curetis acuta dentata Moore, 1879

雲灰蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 中華雲灰蝶(Common Brownie)- Cletus chinensis chinensis C. Felder, 1862
  2. 蚜灰蝶(Lesser Forest Blue)- Taraka hamada isona Fruhstorfer, 1922

線灰蝶亞科[编辑]

五種嬈灰蝶屬物種
從左至右,上至下分別為:
銀鏈嬈灰蝶、緬甸嬈灰蝶、
百嬈灰蝶、小嬈灰蝶、
齒翅嬈灰蝶
  1. 鐵木萊異灰蝶(Silver Streak Blue)- Iraota Limoleon limoleon (Stoll, [1790])
  2. 玳灰蝶(Cornelian)- Deudorix epijarbas menesicles Fruhstorfer, 1912
  3. 綠灰蝶(Green Flash)- Artipe eryx eryx (Linnaeus, 1771)
  4. 生灰蝶(Broad Spark)- Sinthusa chandrana gratei (Moore, [1884])
  5. 娜生灰蝶(Narrow Spark)- Sinthusa nasaka (Horsfield, [1829])
  6. 麻燕灰蝶(燕灰蝶,Slate Flash)- Rapala manea schistacea (Moore, 1879)
  7. 珀灰蝶(White Royal)- Pratapa deva devula Corbet, 1942
  8. 雙尾灰蝶(Peacock Royal)- Tajuria cippus malcolmi Riley & Godfrey 1925
  9. 豹斑雙尾灰蝶(Spotted Royal)- Tajuria maculata (Hewitson, 1865)
  10. 克灰蝶(Broadtail Royal)- Creon cleobis cleobis (Crodart, [1824])
  11. 艾灰蝶(伊灰蝶,Banded Royal)- Rachana jalindra (Horsfield, [1829])
  12. 銀鏈嬈灰蝶(Centaur Oak Blue)- Arhopala centaurus pirithous (Moore, [1884])
  13. 齒翅嬈灰蝶(Dark Himalayan Oak Blue)- Arhopala rama ramosa (Evans, [1925])
  14. 百嬈灰蝶(Powdered Oak Blue)- Arhopala bazalus turbata (Butler, 1881)
  15. 小嬈灰蝶(Hooked Oak Blue)- Arhopala paramuta paramuta (de Niceville, [1884])
  16. 緬甸嬈灰蝶(Burmese Bush Blue)- Arhopala birmana birmana (Moore, [1884])
  17. 瑪灰蝶(Falcate Oak Blue)- Mahathala ameria hainani Bethune-Baker, 1903
  18. 斑灰蝶(Common Onyx)- Horaga onyx moltrechti Matsumura, 1919
  19. 白斑灰蝶(Brown Onyx)- Horaga albimacula triumphalis Murayama & Sibatani, 1943
  20. 萊灰蝶(Chocolate Royal)- Remelana jangala mudra (Fruhstorfer, 1907)
  21. 安灰蝶(Bi-spot Royal)- Ancema ctesia agalla (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
  22. 銀線灰蝶(Long-banded Silverline)- Cigarttis lohita formosana (Moore, 1877)
  23. 豆粒銀線灰蝶(Club Silverline)- Cigaritis syama peguanus (Moore, 1884)

灰蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 彩灰蝶(斜斑彩灰蝶,Purple Sapphire)- Heliophorus epicles phoenicoparyphus (Holland, 1887)

眼灰蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 百娜灰蝶(Rounded Six Line Blue)- Nacaduba berenice (Herrick-Schaffer, 1869)
  2. 古樓娜灰蝶(Transparent 6-line Blue)- Nacaduba kurava euplea Fruhstorfer, 1916
  3. 波灰蝶(娜拉波灰蝶,Common Line blue)- Prosotas nora (Felder, 1860)
  4. 疑波灰蝶(Tailless Line Blue)- Prosotas dubiosa (Semper, [1879])
  5. 雅灰蝶(Dark Cerulean)- Jamides bochus bochus (Stoll, [1782])
  6. 錫冷雅灰蝶(Common Cerulean)- Jamides celeno celeno (Cramer, [1775])
  7. 素雅灰蝶(Metallic Cerulean)- Jamides alecto alocina Swinhoe, 1915
  8. 藍咖灰蝶 (Silver Forget-me-not)- Catochrysops panormus exiguus (Distant, 1886)
  9. 咖灰蝶(Forget-me-not)- Catochrysops strabo strabo (Fabricius, 1793)
  10. 亮灰蝶(Long tailed Blue, Pea Blue)- Lampides boeticus (Linnaeus, 1767)
  11. 細灰蝶(Oriental Striped Blue)- Leptotes plinius (Fabricius, 1793)
  12. 吉灰蝶(Dark Grass Blue)- Zizeeria karsandra (Moore, 1865)
  13. 毛眼灰蝶(Lesser Grass Blue)- Zizina otis otis (Fabricius, 1787)
  14. 酢漿灰蝶(Pale Grass Blue)- Pseudozizeeria maha serica (C. Felder, 1862)
  15. 琺灰蝶(Small Grass Blue)- Famegana alsulus eggletoni (Corbet, 1941)
  16. 長腹灰蝶(Tiny Grass Blue)- Zizula hylax (Fabricius, 1775)
  17. 長尾藍灰蝶(Tailed Cupid)- Cupido lacturnus rileyi (Godfrey, 1916)
  18. 點玄灰蝶(Spot Cupid)- Tongeia filicaudia (Pryer, 1877)
  19. 黑丸灰蝶(Forest Quaker)- Pithecops corvus Fruhstorfer, 1919
  20. 一點灰蝶(Quaker)- Neopithecops zalmora zalmora (Butler, [1870])
  21. 美姬灰蝶(Malayan)- Megisba moloya sikkimo Moore, 1884
  22. 薰衣琉璃灰蝶(Plain Hedge Blue)- Celastrina lavenchilaris lirnbata (Moore, 1879)
  23. 鈕灰蝶(Common Hedge Blue)- Acytolepis puspa gisca (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
  24. 嫵灰蝶(珍貴嫵灰蝶,Pale Hedge Blue)- Udara dilecta dilecta (Moore, 1879)
  25. 白斑嫵灰蝶(Albocaerulean)- Udara albocaerulea albocaerulea (Moore, 1879)
  26. 棕灰蝶(Gram Blue, Cupid)- Euchrysops cnejus cnejus (Fabricius, 1798)
  27. 曲紋紫灰蝶(Plains Cupid)- Chilacks pandava pandava (Horsfield, [1829])
  28. 紫灰蝶(Lime Blue)- Chilades lajus leucofasciatus (Rober, 1886)
  29. 普紫灰蝶(普福萊灰蝶,Grass Jewel)- Chilades putli (Kollar, [1844])

蛺蝶科[编辑]

斑蝶亞科[编辑]

2012年於深水灣發現一隻由日本和歌山遷徙到港的大絹斑蝶個體
  1. 絹斑蝶(Glassy Tiger)- Parantica aglea melanoides Moore, 1883
  2. 大絹斑蝶(Chestnut Tiger)- Parantica sita sita (Kollar, [1844])
  3. 黑絹斑蝶(Chocolate Tiger)- Parantica melaneus melaneus (Cramer, [1775])
  4. 史氏絹斑蝶(Swinhoe's Chocolate Tiger)- Parantica swinhoei (Moore, 1883)
  5. 擬旖斑蝶(Ceylon Blue Glassy Tiger)- Ideopsis similis similis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  6. 青斑蝶(Blue Tiger)- Tirumala limniace limniace (Cramer, [1775])
  7. 嗇青斑蝶(Dark Blue Tiger)- Tirumala septentrionis septentrionis (Butler, 1874)
  8. 虎斑蝶(Common Tiger)- Danaus genutia genutia (Cramer, [1779])
  9. 金斑蝶(Plain Tiger)- Danaus chrysippus chrysippus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  10. 雙標紫斑蝶(Double-branded Black Crow)- Euploea sylvester swinhoei Wallace, 1866
  11. 異型紫斑蝶(Striped Blue Crow)- Euploea mulciber mulciber (Cramer, [1777])
  12. 藍點紫斑蝶(Blue-spotted Crow)- Euploea midamus midamus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  13. 幻紫斑蝶(Common Indian Crow)- Euploea core amymone (Godart, 1819)
  14. 大帛斑蝶(Siam Tree Nymph)- Idea leuconoe Erichson, 1834

螯蛺蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 窄斑鳳尾蛺蝶(Common Nawab)- Polyura athamas athamas (Drury, [1773])
  2. 忘憂尾蛺蝶(Shan Nawab)- Polyura nepenthes nepenthes (Grose-Smith, 1883)
  3. 白帶螯蛺蝶(Tawny Rajah)- Charaxes bernardus bernardus (Fabricius, 1793)
  4. 螯蛺蝶(Yellow Rajah)- Charaxes marrnax marmax Westwood, 1847

眼蝶亞科[编辑]

五種黛眼蝶屬物種
從左至右,上至下分別為:
白帶黛眼蝶、玉帶黛眼蝶、
長紋黛眼蝶、波紋黛眼蝶、
曲紋黛眼蝶(雄)、曲紋黛眼蝶(雌)
  1. 串珠環蝶(Large Faun)- Faunis eumeus eumeus (Drury, [1773])
  2. 鳳眼方環蝶(Common Duffer)- Discophora sondaica tulliana Stichel, 1905
  3. 暮眼蝶(Common Evening Brown)- Melanins leda leda (Linnaeus, 1758)
  4. 睇暮眼蝶(Dark Evening Brown)- Melanins phedima bela Moore, 1857
  5. 長紋黛眼蝶(Bamboo Tree Brown)- Lethe europa beroe (Cramer, [1775])
  6. 波紋黛眼蝶(Common Tree Brown)- Lethe rohria permagnis Fruhstorfer, 1911
  7. 白帶黛眼蝶(Banded Tree Brown)- Lethe confusa confusa Aurivillius, 1897
  8. 曲紋黛眼蝶(Angled Red Forester)- Lathe chandica (Moore, [1858])
  9. 玉帶黛眼蝶(Straight-banded Tree Brown)- Lethe verma stenopa Fruhstorfer, 1908
  10. 翠袖鋸眼蝶(Common Palmfly)- Elymnias hypermnestra hainana Moore, 1878
  11. 蒙鏈蔭眼蝶(Muirhead's Labyrinth)- Neope muirheadii muirheadii (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
  12. 小眉眼蝶(Dark-brand Bush Brown)- Mycalesis mineus mineus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  13. 平頂眉眼蝶(South China Bush Brown)- Mycalesis zonata Matsumura, 1909
  14. 大波矍眼蝶*(Tappan Four-ring)- Ypthima tappana Matsumura, 1909
  15. 矍眼蝶(Common Five-ring)- Ypthima baldus baldus (Fabricius, 1775)
  16. 黎桑矍眼蝶(Straight Five-ring)- Ypthima lisandra lisandra (Cramer, [1780])
  17. 小三矍眼蝶(Small Three-ring)- Ypthima norma norma (Westwood, 1851)
  18. 前霧矍眼蝶(Common Four-ring)- Ypthima praenubila praenubila Leech, 1891
  19. 東亞矍眼蝶*(Large Three-ring)- Ypthima motschulskyi (Bremer & Grey, 1853)
  20. 擬四眼矍眼蝶*(False Four-ring)- Ypthima imitans Elwes & Edwards, 1893

註*: 需要作進一步科學研究

釉蛺蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 苧麻珍蝶(Yellow Coster)- Acraea issoria (Hübner, [1819])
  2. 紅鋸蛺蝶(Red Lacewing)- Cethosia biblis biblis (Drury, [1773])
  3. 斐豹蛺蝶(Indian Fritillary)- Argyreus hyperbius hyperbius (Linnaeus, 1763)
  4. 琺蛺蝶(Common Leopard)- Phalanta phalantha phalantha (Drury, [1773])
  5. 幸運轆蛺蝶(Common Yeoman)- Cirrochroa tyche mithila Moore, 1872
  6. 黃襟蛺蝶(Rustic)- Cupha erymanthis erymanthis (Drury, [1773])
  7. 彩蛺蝶(Vagrant)- Vagrans egista sinha (Kollar, [1844])

線蛺蝶亞科[编辑]

四種外型相似的環蛺蝶屬物種
從左至右,上至下分別為:
中環蛺蝶、珂環蛺蝶、娜環蛺蝶、娑環蛺蝶
四種外型相似的帶蛺蝶屬物種
從左至右,上至下分別為:
玄珠帶蛺蝶、新月帶蛺蝶(雌)、
雙色帶蛺蝶(雄)、新月帶蛺蝶(雄)、
雙色帶蛺蝶(雌)、雙思帶蛺蝶(雌)
  1. 金蟠蛺蝶(Common Lascar)- Pantoporia hordonia rihodona (Moore, 1878)
  2. 彌環蛺蝶(Small Yellow Sailor)- Neptis miah Moore, 1857
  3. 中環蛺蝶(Common Sailer)- Neptis hylas hylas (Linnaeus, 1758)
  4. 珂環蛺蝶(Southern Sullied Sailer)- Neptis clinia susruta Moore, 1872
  5. 娜環蛺蝶(Burmese Sailer)- Neptis nata Moore, [1858]
  6. 娑環蛺蝶(Sullied Sailer)- Neptis soma tayalina Murayama & Shimonoya, 1968
  7. 柱菲蛺蝶(Short-banded Sailer)- Phaedyma columella columella (Cramer, [1780])
  8. 穆蛺蝶(Commander)- Moduza procris procris (Cramer, [1777])
  9. 丫紋俳蛺蝶(White Commodore)- Parasarpa dudu hainensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1921)
  10. 玄珠帶蛺蝶(Common Sergeant)- Athyma perius perius (Linnaeus, 1758)
  11. 離斑帶蛺蝶(Blackvein Sergeant)- Athyma ranga serica Leech, [1892]
  12. 新月帶蛺蝶(Staff Sergeant)- Athyma selenophora leucophryne (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
  13. 雙色帶蛺蝶(Orange Staff Sergeant)- Athyma cama camasa (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
  14. 雙思帶蛺蝶(Colour Sergeant)- Athyma nefte seitzi (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
  15. 殘鍔線蛺蝶(Five-dot Sergeant)- Athyma sulpitia sulpitia (Cramer, [1779])
  16. 尖翅翠蛺蝶(White-edged Blue Baron)- Euthalia phemius seitzi Fruhstorfer, 1913
  17. 矛翠蛺蝶(Baron)- Euthalia aconthea aditha Fruhstorfer, 1913
  18. 紅斑翠蛺蝶(Gaudy Baron)- Euthalia lubentina lubentina (Cramer, [1777])
  19. 綠裙蛺蝶(綠裙邊翠蛺蝶,Green Stripped Baron)- Cynitia whiteheandi (Crowley, 1900)
  20. 小豹律蛺蝶(Common Archduke)- Lexica pardalis (Moore, 1878)

苾蛺蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 波蛺蝶(Angled Castor)- Ariadne ariadne atternus (Moore, 1878)

閃蛺蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 羅蛺蝶(Black Prince)- Rohana parisatis staurakius (Frubstorfer, 1913)
  2. 芒蛺蝶(Courtesan)- Euripus nyctelius (Doubleday, 1845)
  3. 黑脈蛺蝶(Red Ring Skirt)- Hestina assimilis assimilis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  4. 帥蛺蝶(Eastern Courtier)- Sephisa Chandra androdamas Fruhstorfer, 1908

絲蛺蝶亞科[编辑]

  1. 網絲蛺蝶(Common Mapwing)- Cyrestis thyodamas chinensis Martin, 1903
  2. 電蛺蝶(Constable)- Dichorragia nesimachus formosanus Fruhstorfer, 1909

蛺蝶亞科[编辑]

六種眼蛺蝶屬物種
從左至右,上至下分別為:
翠藍眼蛺蝶、黃裳眼蛺蝶、
鉤翅眼蛺蝶、波紋眼蛺蝶、
美眼蛺蝶、蛇眼蛺蝶
  1. 散紋盛蛺蝶(Common Jester)- Symbrenthia lilaea lunica Bascombe, Johnston & Bascombe 1999
  2. 大紅蛺蝶(Indian Red Admiral)- Vanessa indica indica (Herbst, 1794)
  3. 小紅蛺蝶(Painted Lady)- Vanessa cardui (Linnaeus, 1758)
  4. 黃鉤蛺蝶(Comma)- Nymphalis c-aureum (Linnaeus, 1758)
  5. 琉璃蛺蝶(Blue Admiral)- Nymphalis canace (Linnaeus, 1763)
  6. 翠藍眼蛺蝶(Blue Pansy)- Junonia orithya orithya (Linnaeus, 1758)
  7. 黃裳眼蛺蝶(Yellow Pansy)- Junonia hierta hierta (Fabricius, 1798)
  8. 鉤翅眼蛺蝶(Chocolate Pansy)- Junonia iphita iphita (Cramer, [1779])
  9. 波紋眼蛺蝶(Grey Pansy)- Junonia atlites atlites (Linnaeus, 1763)
  10. 美眼蛺蝶(Peacock Pansy)- Junonia almana almana (Linnaeus, 1758)
  11. 蛇眼蛺蝶(Lemon Pansy)- Junonia lemonias lemonias (Linnaeus, 1758)
  12. 幻紫斑蛺蝶(Great Egg-fly)- Hypolimnas bolina kezia (Butler, 1877)
  13. 金斑蛺蝶(Danaid Egg-fly)- Hypolimnas misippus (Linnaeus, 1764)
  14. 枯葉蛺蝶(Orange Galdeaf)- Kallima inachus chiensis Swinhoe, 1893

存疑種與迷蝶[编辑]

存疑種(Doubtful Record)是指既沒有標本存証,也沒有或只有零碎照片記錄的物種。

  1. 碎斑青鳳蝶(Veined Jay)- Graphium chironides (Honrath, 1884)
  2. 升天劍鳳蝶(Six-bar Swordtail)- Graphium eurous (Leech, [1893])
  3. 金鳳蝶(Common Yellow Swallowtail)- Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758
  4. 鋸紋黃室弄蝶(Lydia's Palm Dart)- Potanthus lydia (Evans, 1934)
  5. 圓突稻弄蝶(Dash Swift)- Parnara apostata (Snellen, [1880])
  6. 羽瑪弄蝶(Fringed Redeye)- Matapa cresta Evans, 1949
  7. 德銼灰蝶(Crenulate Darkie)- Allotinus drumila (Moors, [1866])
  8. 鎖鎧花灰蝶(Spangled Plush Blue)- Flos asoka (de Niceville, [1884))
  9. 斯米玳灰蝶(Princess Flash)- Deudorix smilis Hewitson, 1863
  10. 豹灰蝶(Common Pierrot)- Castalius rosimon rosimon (Fabricius, 1775)
  11. 藍灰蝶(Chapman's Cupid)- Cupido argiades (Pallas, 1771)
  12. 波太玄灰蝶(Dark Cupid)- Tongeia potemini (Alpheraky, 1889)
  13. 棒紋喙蝶(Club Beak)- Libythea myrrha Godart, 1819
  14. 麗喙蝶(Common Beak)- Libythea celtis (Loicharting, [1782])
  15. 二尾蛺蝶(China Nawab)- Polyura narcaea (Hewitson, 1854)
  16. 大二尾蛺蝶(Great Nawab)- Polyura eudamippus kuangtungensis (Mell, 1923)
  17. 裴斯眉眼蝶(Dingy Bush Brown)- Mycalesis perseus (Fabricius, 1775)
  18. 僧袈眉眼蝶(Single Ring Bush Brown)- Mycalesis sangaica Butler, 1877
  19. 暗斑翠蛺蝶(Malay Baron)- Euthalia monina (Fabricius, 1787)
  20. 瑤蛺蝶(Australian Lurcher)- Yoma sabina vasuki Doherty, 1886
台灣鳳蝶是台灣地區的特有物種

迷蝶(Vagrant)是指本地有記錄的物種但香港不屬於其已知分佈範圍以內,或者本地沒有該種幼蟲的寄主植物,以繼續繁衍。

  1. 台灣鳳蝶(Taiwanese Mormon)- Papilio thaiwanus Rothschild, 1898
  2. 飛龍粉蝶(Naga White)- Pieris naganum naganum (Moore, 1884)
  3. 鎘黃遷粉蝶(Orange Emigrant)- Catopsilia scylla (Linnaeus, 1763)
  4. 東亞豆粉蝶(Eastern Pale Clouded Yellow)- Colias poliographus Motschulsky, 1860
  5. 紅灰蝶(Small Copper)- Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761)
  6. 大帛斑蝶(Siam Tree Nymph)- Idea leuconoe Erichson, 1834
  7. 妒麗紫斑蝶(Dwarf Crow)- Euploea tulliolus (Fabricius, 1793)
  8. 深山黛眼蝶(Step-banded Forester)- Lethe hyrania (Kollar, 1844)
  9. 孔雀蛺蝶(Peacock)- Nymphalis io (Linnaeus, 1758)
  10. 畸紋紫斑蛺蝶(Malayan Egg-fly)- Hypolimnas anomala anaemia (Wallace, 1869)

參考[编辑]

  • 潘瑞輝. 香港野外觀蝶圖冊. 環保協進會. 2020. ISBN 9789881527295. 
  • 李東霖、吳滄桑、丘紹文、楊建業. 香港蝴蝶鑑賞. 香港鱗翅目學會. 2020. ISBN 9789881220905. 
  • 武春生、徐堉峯. 中國蝴蝶圖鑑(全4冊). 海峡书局. 2017. ISBN 9787556703029. 
  • 楊建業、吳滄桑、王怡君. 香港蝴蝶圖冊 (第五版). 香港鱗翅目學會. 2015. ISBN 9789881220967. 
  • 羅益奎、許永亮. 郊野情報蝴蝶篇 (第三版). 漁農自然護理署. 2010. ISBN 9882016316. 

文獻[编辑]

80年代以前

  • Corbet, A. S., 1941. A List of the Butterflies of HK Part 3. The Hong Kong Naturalist, X: 148-165.
  • Marsh, J.C.S., 1960. Hong Kong Butterflies. The Shell Company of Hong Kong Ltd., Hong Kong.
  • Hill, D.S., Johnson, G., Bascombe, M.J. 1978. Annotated Checklist of Hong Kong Butterflies. Memoirs of the Hong Kong Natural History Society 11, XI.

80-90年代

  • 李熙瑜、溫禮賢. 香港農作昆蟲名錄. 漁農自然護理署. 1981. 
  • 周堯. 中國蝶類志. 中國: 河南技術出版社. 1994. ISBN 7-5349-1574-0. 
  • Bascombe, M.J. Checklist of the butterflies of South China. Memoirs of the Hong Kong Natural History Society. 1995. 
  • Walthew, G.., 1996. Some Butterfly Species New to Hong Kong, Porcupine, XIV: 29.
  • Walthew, G., 1996. Butterflies new to Hong Kong, Porcupine, XV: 42.
  • Walthew, G., 1997. The Butterflies of Kadoorie. Private Circulation.
  • Anonymous, 1998. Wildlife Windows, Porcupine, XVII: 23-27.
  • Kendrick, R., 1998. Zographeus satwa (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae): a first record from Hong Kong. Porcupine, XVIII: 5.
  • Reels, G., 1998. Butterfly status and flight periods - addenda, Porcupine, XVII: 9.
  • Bascombe, M.J., Johnston, G. & Bascombe, F.S. The Butterflies of Hong Kong. London: Academic Press. 1999. ISBN 9780120802906. 

00年代

  • Corlette, R.T. (2001). Pollination in a degraded tropical landscape: a Hong Kong case study. Journal of Tropical Ecology 17: 155-161.
  • Young, J.J. & P.C. Lee. Butterflies of Tai Po Kau Nature Reserve. The Commercial Press (H.K.) Ltd., Friends of the Country Parks, Hong Kong. 2001. 
  • 楊建業、李炳翀. 大埔滘的蝴蝶. 香港: AFCD. 2001. 
  • AFCD, 2002. Hong Kong Flying Colour 2: Butterflies. Cosmos Books Ltd. and Friends of the Country Parks, Hong Kong
  • Devyatkin, 2002; Hesperiidae of Vietnam 11: New taxa of the subfamily Hesperiinae Atalanta 33 (1/2) : 131, pl. IV, f. 7-8
  • Fellows, J.R., Lau, M.W.N., Dudgeon, D., Reels, G. T., Ades, G.W.J., Carey, G.J., Chan, B.P.L., Kendrick, R.C., Lee, K.S., Leven, N.R., Wilson, K. D. P. and Yu. Y. T. (2002). Wild Animals to Watch : Terrestrial and Freshwater Fauna of Conservation Concern in Hong Kong. In Hodgkiss, I.J. (ed.). Memoirs of the Hong Kong Natural History Society. Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Natural History Society. No. 25. . pp. 123-159.
  • 王敏、范驍凌. 中國灰蝶誌. 中國: 河南科學技術出版社. 2002. ISBN 7534923840. 
  • 楊建業、饒戈. 香江蝶影. 萬里機構. 2002. ISBN 9621424437. 
  • Butterfly Working Group. Migration and overwintering aggregation of Danaid butterflies in Hong Kong. AFCD. 2003. 
  • Huang, 2003. A list of butterflies collected from Nujiang (Lou Tse Kiang) and Dulongiang, China with descriptions of new species, and revisional notes Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 55 : 32
  • Lo, Y. F. Rediscovery of a rare skipper - White-banded Awl (Hasora taminatus). Porcupine. 2003: XXIX: 6-7. 
  • Lock, N.Y. Hong Kong Country Porks - Natural Charms. Cosmos Books Ltd. and Friends of the Country Parks, Hong Kong. 2003. 
  • 寿建新、周尧、李宇飞. 世界蝴蝶分類名錄. 中國: 陝西科學技術出版社. 2006. ISBN 9787536936768. 
  • 楊建業、饒戈、丘紹文. 香港蝴蝶圖誌 (卷一). 香港鱗翅目學會. 2007. ISBN 978-962-86943-2-7. 
  • 楊建業、饒戈、丘紹文. 香港蝴蝶圖誌 (卷二). 香港鱗翅目學會. 2007. ISBN 978-962-86943-3-4. 
  • 楊建業、饒戈、丘紹文. 香港蝴蝶圖誌 (卷三). 香港鱗翅目學會. 2008. ISBN 978-962-86943-4-1. 

10年代

  • Chan A, Cheung J, Sze P, Wong A, Wong E, Yau E. A Review on the Local Restrictedness of Hong Kong Butterflies. AFCD. 2011. 
  • 楊建業、饒戈、丘紹文. 香港蝴蝶圖誌 (卷四). 香港鱗翅目學會. 2011. ISBN 978-962-86943-6-5. 
  • 潘瑞輝、譚健聰. 鳳園生態系列-香港觀蝶入門手冊. 大埔環保會 鳳園蝴蝶保育區. 2011. ISBN 978-988-15271-1-0. 
  • 潘瑞輝、楊英豪. 香港蝴蝶百科-辨蝶篇. 香港鱗翅目學會. 2012. ISBN 978-962-86943-7-2. 
  • 香港蝴蝶百科-尋蝶篇. 香港鱗翅目學會. 2012. ISBN 978-962-86943-8-9. 
  • 袁鋒、袁向群、薛國喜. 中國動物誌 昆蟲綱 第五十五卷 鱗翅目 弄蝶科. 中國: 科學出版社. 2015. ISBN 9787030439147. 
  • Butterfly Working Group. A Review on the Local Restrictedness of Hong Kong Butterflies. AFCD. 2011. 

外部連結[编辑]