魁蛤科

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魁蛤科
Arcidae
One fossil valve of Anadara from the Pliocene of Cyprus
One fossil valve of Anadara from the Pliocene of Cyprus
科學分類
界: 动物界 Animalia
門: 软体动物门 Mollusca
綱: 双壳纲 Bivalvia
亞綱: 翼形亚纲 Pteriomorphia
目: 魁蛤目 Arcida
科: 魁蛤科 Arcidae
Lamarck, 1809

見內文

魁蛤科(學名:Arcidae),亦作蚶科船貝科,是魁蛤目之下的一個,包括有從小型到大型的雙殼綱海洋動物。在全世界現時本科存在有約200個物種。

本科物種的外殼通常都為白色或奶白色,不過部分物種的外殼有時會飾有不同豐富度的棕色條紋,甚至整個殼也變成棕色。

分類[编辑]

Boiled ark clams served in Tanjong Pagar, Singapore
Numerous valves of arcids, genus Senilia, washed up on the beach in Senegal

魁蛤科舊屬多齒目Taxodonta[1]:29,38,今屬魁蛤目。根據WoRMS,魁蛤科目前包括下列30個屬[2][3]

  1. 小魁蛤屬 Acar Gray, 1857
  2. 毛蚶属/粗饰蚶属 Anadara Gray, 1847
  3. 魁蛤屬 Arca Linnaeus, 1758
  4. Asperarca Sacco, 1898
  5. 鬍魁蛤屬 Barbatia Gray, 1842
  6. Bathyarca Kobelt, 1891
  7. Bentharca Verrill & Bush, 1898[4]
  8. Calloarca Gray, 1857
  9. Deltaodon Barnard, 1962
  10. Destacar Iredale, 1936
  11. Fugleria Reinhart, 1937
  12. Hawaiarca Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938
  13. Larkinia Reinhart, 1935
  14. Litharca Gray, 1842
  15. Lunarca Gray, 1842
  16. Mabellarca Iredale, 1939
  17. Mesocibota Iredale, 1939
  18. Mimarcaria Iredale, 1939
  19. Miratacar Iredale, 1939
  20. Mosambicarca Lutaenko, 1994
  21. Paranadara Francisco, Barros & Lima, 2012
  22. Pugilarca Marwick, 1928dagger
  23. Samacar Iredale, 1936
  24. Scaphula Benson, 1834
  25. Senilia Gray, 1842
  26. 泥蚶屬 Tegillarca Iredale, 1939
  27. Trisidos Röding, 1798
  28. Tucetonella Habe, 1961
  29. Vitracar Iredale, 1939
  30. Xenophorarca M. Huber, 2010[5][6]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 譚天錫; 白振宇; 夏國經. 台灣東北角海岸海貝(腹足綱與雙殼綱)之調查. 貝類學報 (Bulletin of Malacology) (中華民國貝類學會 (The Malacological Society of Taiwan)). 1986, 12: 27–47 (英语). 
  2. ^ WoRMS. Arcidae Lamarck, 1809. World Register of Marine Species. [2017-01-16]. 
  3. ^ Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2012: 1258 pp. (英语). 
  4. ^ WoRMS. Bentharca Verrill & Bush, 1898. World Register of Marine Species. [2017-01-16]. 
  5. ^ WoRMS. Xenophorarca M. Huber, 2010. World Register of Marine Species. [2017-01-16]. 
  6. ^ Huber, M. Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 2010: 901 pp., 1 CD–ROM. 

外部連結[编辑]