黄喉姬鼠

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黄喉姬鼠Infobox info icon2.svg
Apodemus.flavicollis.jpg
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 哺乳纲 Mammalia
目: 啮齿目 Rodentia
科: 鼠科 Eumuroida
属: 姬鼠属 Apodemus
种: 黄喉姬鼠 A. flavicollis
二名法
Apodemus flavicollis
(Melchior, 1834)
Mapa Apodemus flavicollis.png
異名
  • Apodemus arianus
  • Apodemus ponticus

黄喉姬鼠学名Apodemus flavicollis)是一种原产于欧洲与西亚的鼠科姬鼠属动物。[2]黄喉姬鼠与小林姬鼠亲缘关系很近,直至1894年才被认为是独立的物种。它们之间的主要区别在于黄喉姬鼠颈部有一整圈黄毛,尾巴更长、耳朵也更大。[3]它会爬树,有时会在建筑物中越冬。

黄喉姬鼠可以将森林脑炎传染给人类,不过它们自己对该病毒免疫。[4]此外,它们还是多布拉瓦(Dobrava)汉坦病毒自然宿主,人类感染此病毒后会导致肾综合征出血热[5][6]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Amori, G.; Hutterer, R.; Kryštufek, B.; Yigit, N.; Mitsainas, G.; Palomo, L. Apodemus flavicollis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2021: e.T1892A197269879 [8 March 2022]. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-1.RLTS.T1892A197269879.en可免费查阅. 
  2. ^ Musser, G.G.; Carleton, M.D. Superfamily Muroidea. Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (编). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd. Johns Hopkins University Press. 2005: 1265. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ Species – Yellow Necked Mouse. Dorset, England: The Mammal Society. [2022-06-09]. 
  4. ^ Labuda, Milan; Kozuch, Oto; Zuffová, Eva; Elecková, Elena; Hails, Rosie S.; Nuttall, Patricia A. Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Transmission between Ticks Cofeeding on Specific Immune Natural Rodent Hosts. Virology. 1997, 235 (1): 138–143. PMID 9300045. doi:10.1006/viro.1997.8622可免费查阅. 
  5. ^ Plyusnin, Alexander; Vaheri, Antti. Saaremaa Hantavirus Should Not Be Confused with Its Dangerous Relative, Dobrava Virus. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2006, 44 (4): 1608–1611. PMC 1448663可免费查阅. PMID 16597913. doi:10.1128/JCM.44.4.1608-1611.2006. 
  6. ^ Sibold, C.; Ulrich, R.; Labuda, M.; Lundkvist, Å.; Martens, H.; Schütt, M.; Gerke, P.; Leitmeyer, K.; Meisel, H.; Krüger, D. H. Dobrava hantavirus causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in central Europe and is carried by two different Apodemus mice species. Journal of Medical Virology. 2001, 63 (2): 158–167. PMID 11170053. doi:10.1002/1096-9071(20000201)63:2<158::AID-JMV1011>3.0.CO;2-#.