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2019冠狀病毒病南非疫情

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2019冠狀病毒病南非疫情
Covid-19 cases in South Africa.svg
各省確診個案
南非死亡個案地圖
Covid-19 deaths in South Africa.svg
各省死亡個案
南非治癒個案地圖
Covid-19 recoveries in South Africa.svg
各省治癒個案
疾病2019冠狀病毒病(COVID-19)
病毒株嚴重急性呼吸系統綜合症冠狀病毒2型(SARS-CoV-2)
地点 南非
指示病例夸祖魯-納塔爾省希爾頓英语Hilton, KwaZulu-Natal[1][2]
首例确诊日期2020年3月5日[2][3]
(6个月3周)
病毒来源蝙蝠穿山甲[4][5][6]
首次爆发地 中华人民共和国湖北省武漢市
資料统计
确诊個案665,188[7]
死亡個案16,206[7]
治愈個案594,229[7]
政府网站
sacoronavirus.co.za
維基百科不提供醫療服務 医学声明 

2019冠狀病毒病南非疫情,介紹在2019冠狀病毒病疫情中,在南非發生的情況。2019冠狀病毒病疫情最初爆發於中華人民共和國湖北省武漢市,對南非的實質影響始於2020年3月(本條目中所有未註明年份之日期均代表2020年)。

時間線[编辑]

南非2019冠狀病毒病  ()
     死亡        康复        现存病例

3月 3月 4月 4月 5月 5月 6月 6月 7月 7月 8月 8月 9月 9月 过去15日 过去15日

日期
病例数
死亡數
2020-03-05 1(n.a.) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-06 1(=) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-07 2(+100%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-08 3(+50%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-09 7(+133%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-10 10(+43%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-11
13(+30%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-12
16(+23%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-13
24(+50%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-14
38(+58%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-15
51(+34%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-16
62(+22%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-17
85(+37%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-18
116(+36%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-19
150(+29%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-20
202(+35%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-21
240(+19%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-22
274(+14%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-23
402(+47%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-24
554(+38%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-25
709(+28%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-26
927(+31%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-27
1,170(+26%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-28
1,187(+1.5%) 1(=)
2020-03-29
1,280(+7.8%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-30
1,326(+3.6%) 3(+50%)
2020-03-31
1,353(+2%) 5(+67%)
2020-04-01
1,380(+2%) 5(=)
2020-04-02
1,462(+5.9%) 5(=)
2020-04-03
1,505(+2.9%) 7(+40%)
2020-04-04
1,585(+5.3%) 9(+29%)
2020-04-05
1,655(+4.4%) 11(+22%)
2020-04-06
1,686(+1.9%) 12(+9.1%)
2020-04-07
1,749(+3.7%) 13(+8.3%)
2020-04-08
1,845(+5.5%) 18(+38%)
2020-04-09
1,934(+4.8%) 18(=)
2020-04-10
2,003(+3.6%) 24(+33%)
2020-04-11
2,028(+1.2%) 25(+4.2%)
2020-04-12
2,173(+7.1%) 25(=)
2020-04-13
2,272(+4.6%) 27(+8%)
2020-04-14
2,415(+6.3%) 27(=)
2020-04-15
2,506(+3.8%) 34(+26%)
2020-04-16
2,605(+4%) 48(+41%)
2020-04-17
2,783(+6.8%) 50(+4.2%)
2020-04-18
3,034(+9%) 52(+4%)
2020-04-19
3,158(+4.1%) 54(+3.8%)
2020-04-20
3,300(+4.5%) 58(+7.4%)
2020-04-21
3,465(+5%) 58(=)
2020-04-22
3,635(+4.9%) 65(+12%)
2020-04-23
3,953(+8.7%) 75(+15%)
2020-04-24
4,220(+6.8%) 79(+5.3%)
2020-04-25
4,361(+3.3%) 86(+8.9%)
2020-04-26
4,546(+4.2%) 87(+1.2%)
2020-04-27
4,793(+5.4%) 90(+3.4%)
2020-04-28
4,996(+4.2%) 93(+3.3%)
2020-04-29
5,350(+7.1%) 103(+11%)
2020-04-30
5,647(+5.6%) 103(=)
2020-05-01
5,951(+5.4%) 116(+13%)
2020-05-02
6,336(+6.5%) 123(+6%)
2020-05-03
6,783(+7.1%) 131(+6.5%)
2020-05-04
7,220(+6.4%) 138(+5.3%)
2020-05-05
7,572(+4.9%) 148(+7.2%)
2020-05-06
7,808(+3.1%) 153(+3.4%)
2020-05-07
8,232(+5.4%) 161(+5.2%)
2020-05-08
8,895(+8.1%) 178(+11%)
2020-05-09
9,420(+5.9%) 186(+4.5%)
2020-05-10
10,015(+6.3%) 194(+4.3%)
2020-05-11
10,652(+6.4%) 206(+6.2%)
2020-05-12
11,350(+6.6%) 206(=)
2020-05-13
12,074(+6.4%) 219(+6.3%)
2020-05-14
12,739(+5.5%) 238(+8.7%)
2020-05-15
13,524(+6.2%) 247(+3.8%)
2020-05-16
14,355(+6.1%) 261(+5.7%)
2020-05-17
15,515(+8.1%) 264(+1.1%)
2020-05-18
16,433(+5.9%) 286(+8.3%)
2020-05-19
17,200(+4.7%) 312(+9.1%)
2020-05-20
18,003(+4.7%) 339(+8.7%)
2020-05-21
19,137(+6.3%) 369(+8.8%)
2020-05-22
20,125(+5.2%) 397(+7.6%)
2020-05-23
21,343(+6.1%) 407(+2.5%)
2020-05-24
22,583(+5.8%) 429(+5.4%)
2020-05-25
23,615(+4.6%) 481(+12%)
2020-05-26
24,264(+2.7%) 524(+8.9%)
2020-05-27
25,937(+6.9%) 552(+5.3%)
2020-05-28
27,403(+5.7%) 577(+4.5%)
2020-05-29
29,240(+6.7%) 611(+5.9%)
2020-05-30
30,967(+5.9%) 643(+5.2%)
2020-05-31
32,683(+5.5%) 683(+6.2%)
2020-06-01
34,357(+5.1%) 705(+3.2%)
2020-06-02
35,812(+4.2%) 755(+7.1%)
2020-06-03
37,525(+4.8%) 792(+4.9%)
2020-06-04
40,792(+8.7%) 848(+7.1%)
2020-06-05
43,434(+6.5%) 908(+7.1%)
2020-06-06
45,973(+5.8%) 952(+4.8%)
2020-06-07
48,285(+5%) 998(+4.8%)
2020-06-08
50,879(+5.4%) 1,080(+8.2%)
2020-06-09
52,991(+4.2%) 1,162(+7.6%)
2020-06-10
55,421(+4.6%) 1,210(+4.1%)
2020-06-11
58,568(+5.7%) 1,284(+6.1%)
2020-06-12
61,927(+5.7%) 1,354(+5.5%)
2020-06-13
65,736(+6.2%) 1,423(+5.1%)
2020-06-14
70,038(+6.5%) 1,480(+4%)
2020-06-15
73,533(+5%) 1,568(+5.9%)
2020-06-16
76,334(+3.8%) 1,625(+3.6%)
2020-06-17
80,412(+5.3%) 1,674(+3%)
2020-06-18
83,890(+4.3%) 1,737(+3.8%)
2020-06-19
87,715(+4.6%) 1,831(+5.4%)
2020-06-20
92,681(+5.7%) 1,877(+2.5%)
2020-06-21
97,302(+5%) 1,930(+2.8%)
2020-06-22
101,590(+4.4%) 1,991(+3.2%)
2020-06-23
106,108(+4.4%) 2,102(+5.6%)
2020-06-24
111,796(+5.4%) 2,205(+4.9%)
2020-06-25
118,375(+5.9%) 2,292(+3.9%)
2020-06-26
124,590(+5.3%) 2,340(+2.1%)
2020-06-27
131,800(+5.8%) 2,413(+3.1%)
2020-06-28
138,134(+4.8%) 2,456(+1.8%)
2020-06-29
144,264(+4.4%) 2,529(+3%)
2020-06-30
151,209(+4.8%) 2,657(+5.1%)
2020-07-01
159,333(+5.4%) 2,749(+3.5%)
2020-07-02
168,061(+5.5%) 2,844(+3.5%)
2020-07-03
177,124(+5.4%) 2,952(+3.8%)
2020-07-04
187,977(+6.1%) 3,026(+2.5%)
2020-07-05
196,750(+4.7%) 3,199(+5.7%)
2020-07-06
205,721(+4.6%) 3,310(+3.5%)
2020-07-07
215,855(+4.9%) 3,502(+5.8%)
2020-07-08
224,665(+4.1%) 3,600(+2.8%)
2020-07-09
238,399(+6.1%) 3,720(+3.3%)
2020-07-10
250,687(+5.2%) 3,860(+3.8%)
2020-07-11
264,184(+5.4%) 3,971(+2.9%)
2020-07-12
276,242(+4.6%) 4,079(+2.7%)
2020-07-13
287,796(+4.2%) 4,172(+2.3%)
2020-07-14
298,292(+3.6%) 4,346(+4.2%)
2020-07-15
311,049(+4.3%) 4,453(+2.5%)
2020-07-16
324,221(+4.2%) 4,669(+4.9%)
2020-07-17
337,594(+4.1%) 4,804(+2.9%)
2020-07-18
350,879(+3.9%) 4,948(+3%)
2020-07-19
364,328(+3.8%) 5,033(+1.7%)
2020-07-20
373,628(+2.6%) 5,173(+2.8%)
2020-07-21
381,798(+2.2%) 5,368(+3.8%)
2020-07-22
394,948(+3.4%) 5,940(+11%)
2020-07-23
408,052(+3.3%) 6,093(+2.6%)
2020-07-24
421,996(+3.4%) 6,343(+4.1%)
2020-07-25
434,200(+2.9%) 6,655(+4.9%)
2020-07-26
445,433(+2.6%) 6,769(+1.7%)
2020-07-27
452,529(+1.6%) 7,067(+4.4%)
2020-07-28
459,761(+1.6%) 7,257(+2.7%)
2020-07-29
471,123(+2.5%) 7,497(+3.3%)
2020-07-30
482,169(+2.3%) 7,812(+4.2%)
2020-07-31
493,183(+2.3%) 8,005(+2.5%)
2020-08-01
503,290(+2%) 8,153(+1.8%)
2020-08-02
511,485(+1.6%) 8,366(+2.6%)
2020-08-03
516,862(+1.1%) 8,539(+2.1%)
2020-08-04
521,318(+0.86%) 8,884(+4%)
2020-08-05
529,877(+1.6%) 9,298(+4.7%)
2020-08-06
538,184(+1.6%) 9,604(+3.3%)
2020-08-07
545,476(+1.4%) 9,909(+3.2%)
2020-08-08
553,188(+1.4%) 10,210(+3%)
2020-08-09
559,858(+1.2%) 10,408(+1.9%)
2020-08-10
563,598(+0.67%) 10,621(+2%)
2020-08-11
566,109(+0.45%) 10,751(+1.2%)
2020-08-12
568,919(+0.5%) 11,010(+2.4%)
2020-08-13
572,865(+0.69%) 11,270(+2.4%)
2020-08-14
579,140(+1.1%) 11,556(+2.5%)
2020-08-15
583,653(+0.78%) 11,677(+1%)
2020-08-16
587,345(+0.63%) 11,839(+1.4%)
2020-08-17
589,886(+0.43%) 11,982(+1.2%)
2020-08-18
592,144(+0.38%) 12,264(+2.4%)
2020-08-19
596,060(+0.66%) 12,423(+1.3%)
2020-08-20
599,940(+0.65%) 12,618(+1.6%)
2020-08-21
603,338(+0.57%) 12,843(+1.8%)
2020-08-22
607,045(+0.61%) 12,987(+1.1%)
2020-08-23
609,773(+0.45%) 13,059(+0.55%)
2020-08-24
611,450(+0.28%) 13,159(+0.77%)
2020-08-25
613,017(+0.26%) 13,308(+1.1%)
2020-08-26
615,701(+0.44%) 13,502(+1.5%)
2020-08-27
618,286(+0.42%) 13,628(+0.93%)
2020-08-28
620,132(+0.3%) 13,743(+0.84%)
2020-08-29
622,551(+0.39%) 13,981(+1.7%)
2020-08-30
625,056(+0.4%) 14,028(+0.34%)
2020-08-31
627,041(+0.32%) 14,149(+0.86%)
2020-09-01
628,259(+0.19%) 14,263(+0.81%)
2020-09-02
630,595(+0.37%) 14,389(+0.88%)
2020-09-03
633,015(+0.38%) 14,563(+1.2%)
2020-09-04
635,078(+0.33%) 14,678(+0.79%)
2020-09-05
636,884(+0.28%) 14,779(+0.69%)
2020-09-06
638,517(+0.26%) 14,889(+0.74%)
2020-09-07
639,362(+0.13%) 15,004(+0.77%)
2020-09-08
640,441(+0.17%) 15,086(+0.55%)
2020-09-09
642,431(+0.31%) 15,168(+0.54%)
2020-09-10
644,438(+0.31%) 15,265(+0.64%)
2020-09-11
646,398(+0.3%) 15,378(+0.74%)
2020-09-12
648,214(+0.28%) 15,427(+0.32%)
2020-09-13
649,793(+0.24%) 15,447(+0.13%)
2020-09-14
650,749(+0.15%) 15,499(+0.34%)
2020-09-15
651,521(+0.12%) 15,641(+0.92%)
2020-09-16
653,444(+0.3%) 15,705(+0.41%)
2020-09-17
655,572(+0.33%) 15,772(+0.43%)
2020-09-18
657,627(+0.31%) 15,857(+0.54%)
2020-09-19
659,626(+0.3%) 15,940(+0.52%)
2020-09-20
661,211(+0.24%) 15,953(+0.08%)
2020-09-21
661,936(+0.11%) 15,992(+0.24%)
2020-09-22
663,282(+0.2%) 16,118(+0.79%)
來源:政府官方網站


3月1日,一名最近到訪意大利的38歲男子聯同其妻子與另外八人一起,由意大利米蘭途經迪拜肯普頓公園奧利弗·坦博國際機場[8],以及德班沙卡國王國際機場返回希爾頓英语Hilton, KwaZulu-Natal[1][2]

3月3日,患者向一家私人診所內的普通科醫生講述了自己的症狀,之後他進行自我隔離,而相關醫生亦進行自我隔離[2][3][9]

3月5日,衛生部長英语Minister of Health (South Africa)茲維里·麥凱赫茲英语Zweli Mkhize宣布,該男子證實確診2019冠狀病毒病,是南非首宗個案[2][3]。作為回應,國家傳染病研究所英语National Institute for Communicable Diseases隨即派出流行病學家及臨床醫生前往夸祖魯-納塔爾省[9]。同日,病人送往彼得馬里茨堡的格雷醫院接受觀察與治療[10]

3月7日,麥凱赫茲宣布南非出現第二宗個案,一名來自意大利十人旅行群組、居住在豪登省的39歲女子對冠狀病毒的檢測結果呈陽性[11][12]

3月8日,麥凱赫茲證實,首名患者的妻子對冠狀病毒檢測結果呈陽性,是南非第三宗個案[13][14]

3月9日,意大利十人旅行群組再多四人感染冠狀病毒,令南非確診個案急增至七宗[15]

3月11日,南非新增六宗新個案,其中一宗來自意大利十人旅行群組,而另外五名患者曾經到歐洲不同國家旅遊。西開普省出現首宗個案,累計感染人數升至13人[16]

3月12日,南非再新增三宗新個案,普馬蘭加省宣布出現首宗個案。自由邦省亦出現首宗個案兼本地傳播個案,但同日稍後時間,國家傳染病研究所確認該患者的檢測結果呈陰性[17]。累計感染人數升至16人[18][19][20]

3月13日,麥凱赫茲宣布南非新增八宗新個案,並指“陸續還會有更多呈陽性的結果出來,國家傳染病研究所及國家衛生實驗室服務英语National Health Laboratory Service目前正在核實這些信息與結果”[21]

3月14日,南非增加14宗確診個案,使個案總數增至38宗[22]

3月15日,南非再增加13宗確診個案,總統西里爾·拉馬福薩宣布出現首宗本地傳播個案,但此說法尚未得到政府實驗室的證實[23]。累計個案總數增至51宗[24][25]

3月16日,南非新增11宗新個案,林波波省宣布出現首宗確診個案。累計個案總數增至62宗[26]

3月17日,南非新增23宗新個案,而政府實驗室也確認出現本地傳播個案,當中四宗在豪登省、三宗在夸祖魯-納塔爾省、一宗在西開普省。累計感染人數升至85人[27]

3月18日,南非再新增31宗新個案,政府實驗室確認普馬蘭加省出現首宗本地傳播個案。累計感染人數升至116人[28]

3月19日,南非再多34人感染冠狀病毒,累計確診個案攀升至150宗[29][30][31]。同日稍後時間,麥凱赫茲認為,南非三分之二的人口將可能感染冠狀病毒。這預測與歐洲國家對感染人口的估算一致[32]

3月20日,南非再增52宗新個案,累計確診個案急升至202宗[33][34][35]。自由邦省新增七宗冠狀病毒感染個案,是南非第六個出現確診個案的省份[35]

3月21日,南非確診個案數達到240宗,東開普省出現首宗個案,是南非第七個出現確診個案的省份[36]

3月22日,南非確診冠狀病毒病的個案總數增至274宗,東開普省出現第二宗個案[37][38]

3月23日,南非個案數量躍升至402宗[39][40]北開普省西北省公布首宗個案,意味著所有省份均出現冠狀病毒確診個案。

3月30日,西開普省共有310人確診感染冠狀病毒,其中256人位於開普敦[41]

截至4月初,政府已建立了67個移動檢測單位,有47,000人接受了冠狀病毒檢測,當中部分人使用得來速服務[42]

4月1日,西開普大學英语University of the Western Cape的國家傳染病研究所與南非國家生物信息學研究所英语South African National Bioinformatics Institute的研究人員公布了一名冠狀病毒病患者的病毒基因序列[43]

4月8日,德班新增超過60宗確診個案以及4宗死亡個案,該市的聖奧古斯丁醫院英语List of hospitals in South Africa須於次日起暫時關閉。全國共有1,845人對病毒檢測呈陽性、18人死亡[44]

4月9日,政府表示,包括總統、副總統、部長及副部長等的內閣成員將會把三分之一工資捐給抗疫團結基金,為期三個月[45]

4月10日,過去兩週的每日新增個案有所放緩,衛生專家對此感到高興,但擔心可能令民眾​​因此而輕視疫情[46]

5月13日,南非確診感染冠狀病毒數達11,350人、206人死亡[47]

準備工作與回應[编辑]

1月30日,世界衛生組織宣布2019冠狀病毒病(COVID-19)為國際關注的突發公共衛生事件。隨後,南非政府啟動了緊急行動中心英语Emergency operations center,準備應對疫情[48]

檢測[编辑]

帕阿爾省立醫院的冠狀病毒病檢測帳篷。

截至2月7日,國家傳染病研究所英语National Institute for Communicable Diseases已進行了42次檢測,所有結果均呈陰性[49]

截至2月14日,國家傳染病研究所已在南非完成了71次嚴重急性呼吸系統綜合症冠狀病毒2型(SARS-CoV-2)聚合酶鏈式反應檢測,其中零人檢測呈陽性[50]。截至3月4日,共完成181次檢測,其中零人呈陽性反應[51]。截至3月11日,已進行了645次檢測,當中13人呈陽性[52]

3月14日,國家傳染病研究所稱,只要“醫生採用個案定義英语Clinical case definition,就不需要與國家傳染病研究所聯繫來取得(檢測)批准”[53]

截至3月15日,共進行了1,476次檢測,其中51人呈陽性[54]

災難狀態[编辑]

在南非,消費者正保持社交距離

到了3月中旬,隔離措施進一步加強。3月15日,總統拉馬福薩宣布全國進入災難狀態,並禁止100人以上的集會[23]。3月18日,合作治理與傳統事務部長英语Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs恩科薩扎娜·德拉米尼-祖馬簽署政府公報,將酒吧、俱樂部及餐館的顧客人數限制在50人以內[55]

由3月18日起,國會將暫停所有會議[56]。執政黨非洲人國民大會以及官方反對黨民主聯盟均推遲選舉會議[57]。調解與仲裁委員會從3月18日起取消所有原本排定的案件,也不會受理未經預約而轉交的新案件,僅接受通過電子方式轉介的案件[58]

所有在3月18日開始停課的學校將暫定於5月恢復上課[23],當中6月的假期會縮短一星期,而9月的假期則縮短三日[59]

多間大學亦宣布停止所有面授課程[60][61][62][63][64][65]比勒陀利亞大學開普敦大學斯泰倫博斯大學羅德斯大學英语Rhodes University夸祖魯-納塔爾大學以及德班理工大學分別宣布取消或推遲畢業典禮,直至另行通知[63][66][67][68]

恐慌性搶購之後,部分零售商限制顧客購買某些貨品不得超過指定數量[69]。3月19日,貿易與工業部長英语Minister of Trade and Industry (South Africa)埃布拉欣姆·帕特爾英语Ebrahim Patel簽署政府公報,對基本物品實行價格管制哄抬物價者英语Price gouging將被處以1,000萬蘭特罰款、相當於公司營業額10%的罰款或監禁12個月等刑罰措施[70]

全國封鎖[编辑]

Greenmarket Square as it normally appears with many market stalls, seven days before the lockdown.
On the first day of the lockdown only people exempt from the lockdown (security personnel and sanitation workers) can be seen.
開普敦的綠市廣場英语Greenmarket Square在全國封鎖七日前(圖左)及封鎖首日(圖右)的情況。封鎖開始後,通常每日都在廣場上擺攤的商販沒有出現,只看到獲豁免封鎖令的人(保安人員與自治市職員)。

3月23日,總統拉馬福薩向全國發表講話,宣布將從3月27日午夜至4月16日間實行為期21日的全國封鎖[71][72][73],並同時動員南非國防軍來支援政府的行動[71]。4月9日,總統拉馬福薩宣布延長全國封鎖期限兩週至4月底[74]。對有效應對疫情來說必須的人士可以免受封鎖令影響,當中包括:

  • 醫護人員、藥房員工、實驗室職員、緊急服務人員[75][76]
  • 安全部門(如警官、軍事人員及私人保安)[75][76][77]
  • 對維持經濟基本運作來說必須的機構(如超級市場、運輸與後勤服務、加油站、銀行、基本金融及支付服務)[75][76];以及
  • 某些無法在經濟上關閉的行業(如礦山及鋼鐵廠)[77]

在全國封鎖期間,餐館、酒館、賣酒商店及所有其他出售非必需品的商店都將會關閉[77]。學校在封鎖前一週已關閉,全國封鎖後將重新開放。在此期間,非豁免人士除了接受醫療服務、領取社會補助金英语Department of Social Development (South Africa)、參加不超過50人的小型葬禮,以及購買食物等必需品外,一律禁止出門[78]。南非政府已經下令,封鎖期間不得攜帶狗隻外出散步,但狗主仍可以在自己的房子或公寓裡遛狗[79]

執法人員在全國封鎖期間不得將任何人驅逐出其居住地[80]

開普敦長街英语Long Street (Cape Town)盡頭的一幅宣傳橫額呼籲人們在全國封鎖期間留在家中。

省與省之間以及大都會與地區間的人員流動被限制,但下列情況除外,包括:

  • 必須跨省上班的工人;
  • 從入境口岸運送經消毒的貨物;
  • 運送遺體;以及
  • 參加葬禮(有人數限制)[81]

在封鎖期間,除了用於運送燃料及貨物的指定入境口岸外,全國所有邊境口岸均會關閉[81]

國際與國內客運航班停飛,但運輸部批准的航班、撤離在國外的南非國民以及遣返航班則不受此限[82]

死亡人數減少[编辑]

2020年4月9日至4月13日的復活節期間,南非有28人死於全國封鎖期間的交通事故,至於2019年復活節則有162人死亡[83]。在全國封鎖期間,南非共錄得432宗謀殺案,至於2019年同期(2019年3月29日至4月22日)則錄得1,542宗[84]醫學研究委員會英语South African Medical Research Council稱,截至4月21日為止,死亡人數“基本在預期範圍之內”。不過,由3月17日到4月21日的五星期內,包括謀殺及道路交通事故在內的非自然死亡人數均較封鎖前為低[85][86]

等級[编辑]

4月23日,總統拉馬福薩宣布將由5月1日起放寬封鎖限制,從最高的第五級下調至第四級[87]。5月24日,總統拉馬福薩宣布将在6月从4级降低为3级[88][89]

5 為了挽救生命,必須採取嚴厲措施遏制病毒的傳播[87]
5 4 實施禁酒令:禁止銷售、配製、分銷及運輸酒類,但生產洗手液、消毒劑、肥皂、工業用酒精、家庭清潔用品及出口用酒的工業所需的酒精除外。沒有特殊或活動酒牌可以考慮批准[90][91]
5 4 實施禁煙令:禁止銷售煙草製品、電子煙及相關產品[91]
4 晚上8時至清晨5時間實施宵禁,除非獲准從事必要或許可的服務,或者正在處理安全或醫療緊急情況[91]
4 禁止驅逐居民:驅逐令暫緩執行,直到下調至更低級別為止,除非被法院駁回[91]
4 人口流動:人們可以離開居住地去做下列的事項
  • 提供基本或獲允許提供的服務;
  • 如果持許可證能夠前往工作;
  • 購買獲允許銷售的貨物;
  • 使用獲許可提供的服務;
  • 在許可範圍內攜帶孩子移動;以及
  • 早上6時至早上9時間於居住地點5公里範圍內步行、跑步或騎單車[91]
4 公共交通:交通部長可宣布恢復鐵路、公車、計程車、電子叫車服務及私人車輛,但車內須具備良好衛生環境以阻止冠狀病毒繼續擴散[91]
4 禁止在各省、大都會自治市與區自治市之間流動,但持許可證或從事基本服務的工人、參加葬禮、運送遺體,以及獲許可學校或高等教育機構的學生除外[91]。5月1日至5月7日期間,人們可以一次性返回居住地[92],直到下調至更低級別為止[91]
4 關閉邊境,用於運送燃料及貨物的指定入境口岸除外[91]
4 集會被禁止,除非:
  • 葬禮(限於50人,亦禁止於葬禮上舉行守夜活動;只允許持許可證的親屬及伴侶在各省、大都會自治市與區自治市之間流動);
  • 身處工作地點內工作;或者
  • 購買或獲得必需的商品及服務[91]
4 下列地方將不對公眾開放:
  • 舉行宗教、文化、體育、娛樂、休閒、展覽、機構或類似場所;
  • 公園、運動場與田野、泳灘及游泳池;
  • 跳蚤市場;
  • 市場及集市;
  • 夜總會;
  • 賭場;
  • 酒店、旅館、住宿加早餐旅館、Airbnb民宿、分時度假設施與度假村及招待所,但酒店、旅館及招待所剩餘的遊客有需要除外;
  • 野生動物保護區,但剩餘的遊客有需要除外;
  • 度假勝地,但剩餘的遊客有需要除外;
  • 酒館、宿舍或類似場所;
  • 劇院、電影院;
  • 博物館;以及
  • 冠狀病毒會對公眾構成威脅的地方。

提供安全及維護服務的地方不受影響[91]

4 在公共場所必須佩戴口罩[90]
4 允許售賣或供應食品、清潔用品、個人護理用品、育嬰用品、文具、冬季服裝、床上用品、取暖用品、醫療用品、燃料、煤炭、木材、煤氣、煙草、家庭緊急維修用五金工具、由合資格商人提供的基本服務、車輛零件、化學品,以及包裝服務[91]
4 進出公共場所及工作地點須接受體溫檢測[90]
3 放寬對工作與社交活動的限制[87]
2 進一步放寬限制,保持社交距離[87]
1 大多數正常活動在有預防措施的情況下恢復[87]

執法行動[编辑]

4月5日,警察部長英语Minister of Police (South Africa)布赫基·塞萊英语Bheki Cele稱,由於增設路障以及治安狀況有明顯改善,現金在途英语Cash-in-transit盜竊案數量有所減少。此外,謀殺率也有下降趨勢[93]。全國封鎖第七日時,已有2,289人因違反封鎖令被捕[94],合計超過17,000人涉嫌干犯不同罪行[95]

4月8日,通訊與數碼技術部長英语Minister of Communications (South Africa)斯特拉·恩達貝尼-亞伯拉罕英语Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams非國大全國執委會英语National Executive Committee of the African National Congress成員姆杜杜茲·馬納納英语Mduduzi Manana家中吃午飯的相片在社交媒體上流傳。之後,恩達貝尼-亞伯拉罕因違反《防範禁閉條例》被總統拉馬福薩勒令須“特別休假”兩個月,當中一個月為無薪假期[96][97][98]

封鎖在全國範圍內實施,並取得了不同程度的成功。但截至4月初,東開普省的部分農村地區依然沒有執行封鎖令[99]

多份報告指出,警察與軍隊人員在執行封鎖令時曾過度使用武力[42][100][101][102]。其中,有警察毆打及阻止人們拍攝虐待行為,公眾利益團體Right2Know英语Right2Know發表聲明,稱“警察無權阻止人民行使《憲法》賦予其拍攝與記錄事件的權利”[103]

截至全國封鎖第五日,南非已有三人死於執行封鎖令的執法人員所使用的過度武力,這數字相當於該日全國死於冠狀病毒病的總人數[103][104]。到了全國封鎖第八日(4月3日),獨立警察調查局英语Independent Police Investigative Directorate的報告指,他們正調查封鎖開始以來涉及警察的八宗死亡事件,這數字在當時超越了南非死於冠狀病毒病的總人數[105][106]。總統拉馬福薩公開呼籲警方保持克制,但執法過當的問題依然存在[103]

南非國家編輯論壇英语South African National Editors' Forum發表了一份聲明,對警方阻礙媒體報導2019冠狀病毒病相關新聞的行為表示關注[107]。4月27日,聯合國人權事務高級專員辦事處對包括南非在內的一些國家以“高壓及高度軍事化的方式”去執行封鎖措施表示關切[108][109]。截至4月30日,政府證實於封鎖後的首三星期內,共有五人被警察殺害,另外還有152宗有關警察襲擊民眾的事件[110]

撤僑[编辑]

3月14日,112名南非人從中華人民共和國武漢市返回南非[111][112],並在波羅克瓦尼附近的牧場度假村英语The Ranch Resort接受觀察及檢疫[113]

所有人在出發前均須接受體檢,當中四名有冠狀病毒症狀的南非人被拒登機,以減低傳播風險。只有檢測呈陰性的人士才能返回南非[114]

檢測結果證實,包括參與撤僑行動的機組人員、機師、旅館工作人員、警察及軍人在內的所有南非人都呈陰性。不過,作為預防措施,他們在牧場度假村的14日[111][112]期間仍需要處於隔離狀態及接受醫學觀察[114][115][116]

影響[编辑]

醫療衛生[编辑]

任何有症狀的人前往省立醫院英语Healthcare in South Africa,均可接受2019冠狀病毒病檢測,費用全免[117]

缺乏衛生設施的擁擠城鎮更容易受到這種流行病的影響。有皮卡車在亞歷山德拉英语Alexandra, Gauteng免費提供消毒搓手液給民眾使用[42]

經濟影響[编辑]

在開普敦的菲利皮英语Philippi, Cape Town,志願者正在將食品包裝好,準備在全國封鎖期間分發給有需要的人士。這次封鎖對南非經濟產生了嚴重的負面影響,其中對窮人與失業者的打擊尤為嚴重。

在3月27日全國封鎖開始之際,南非經濟學家預測,這種流行病可能令2020年南非GDP總量減少2.5%至10%[118]。全國封鎖以及隨之而來的經濟放緩使電力需求減少了7,500兆瓦以上,而長期持續的南非能源危機英语South African energy crisis問題也因此得以暫時舒緩[119]

截至3月13日的一星期,約翰內斯堡證券交易所市值下降了15%,創下自1998年以來最大的單週跌幅[120]

3月19日,隨著冠狀病毒在全球爆發,對經濟的影響不斷加深,南非儲備銀行英语South African Reserve Bank行長萊西塔·丹雅格英语Lesetja Kganyago宣布將回購利率下調100個基點(1%)至5.25%[121]。4月14日,回購利率進一步降至4.25%[122]

3月22日,標準銀行宣布從4月1日起,為中小型企業與學生提供90日的還款假期,讓他們免受疫情所帶來的經濟影響[123]

社會影響[编辑]

活動延期或取消[编辑]

搶劫[编辑]

在開普敦郊區的埃爾西斯河英语Elsie's River南代夫特英语Delft, Cape Town、薩莫拉馬謝爾、馬內恩貝格英语Manenberg、舍伍德公園、尼揚加廣場英语Nyanga, Cape Town以及蓋茨維爾,一些酒鋪與食品店成為搶劫者的目標[134][135][136]

知名逝世者[编辑]

統計[编辑]

全國[编辑]

COVID-19 deaths by age in South Africa (4 June 2020). Cumulative number of tests and ratio of positive to total tests (data missing on 25 March) Rolling 3 day average number of new tests and cases

地區[编辑]

南非各省的確診個案數字(總確診數、人均確診數)。


2019冠狀病毒病南非各地疫情 ()
日期 EC FS Gau KZN Lim Mpu NW NC WC 未知 確診 死亡 痊癒 檢測數 來源
新增 合計 新增 合計
2020-03-04 0 0 181 [51]
2020-03-05 1 1 1 [3]
2020-03-06 1 0 1
2020-03-07 1 1 1 2 [11]
2020-03-08 1 2 1 3 [142]
2020-03-09 1 6 4 7 [15]
2020-03-10 3 10 [143]
2020-03-11 5 7 1 3 13 645 [16][52]
2020-03-12 1→0 6 8 1 1 3 16 848 [18][17][144]
2020-03-13 10 10 1 3 8 24 924 [21][145]
2020-03-14 17 11 1 9 14 38 1,017 [22][146]
2020-03-15 24 12 1 14 13 51 1,476 [23][24][54]
2020-03-16 31 12 1 2 16 11 62 2,405 [26][147]
2020-03-17 45 16 1 2 21 23 85 2,911 [27][148]
2020-03-18 61 19 1 4 31 31 116 3,070 [28][149][150]
2020-03-19 76 22 1 5 46 34 150 4,832 [29][30][151]
2020-03-20 7 109 24 1 5 56 52 202 6,438 [33][34][152]
2020-03-21 1 7 125 27 1 5 74 38 240 7,425 [36][153][154]
2020-03-22 2 9 132 36 1 6 88 34 274 9,315 [37][155][156]
2020-03-23 2 13 207 60 4 9 4 2 100 1 128 402 4 12,815 [39][157]
2020-03-24 2 18 302 80 4 9 5 2 113 19 152 554 4 15,529 [158][159]
2020-03-25 2 30 319 91 4 8 5 2 183 65 155 709 4 [160][161][162]
2020-03-26 5 49 409 134 6 9 4 1 229 81 218 927 4 20,471 [163][164][165]
2020-03-27 243 1,170 1 1 31 28,537 [166][167][168]
2020-03-28 10 68 533 156 11 10 6 5 271 115 17 1,187 0 1 31 31,963 [169]
2020-03-29 12 72 584 167 12 11 6 6 310 100 93 1,280 1 2 31 35,593 [170][171]
2020-03-30 12 72 618 171 11 11 3 8 324 96 46 1,326 1 3 31 38,409 [172][173]
2020-03-31 12 74 633 179 14 12 6 8 325 90 27 1,353 2 5 31 41,072 [174][175][176]
2020-04-01 15 76 645 186 14 12 7 9 326 90 27 1,380 0 5 31 44,202 [177][178]
2020-04-02 17 84 663 206 16 13 7 353 94 82 1,462 0 5 45 47,965 [179][180][181]
2020-04-03 21 84 672 215 16 13 9 7 374 94 43 1,505 2 7 45 50,361 [182][183][184]
2020-04-04 25 85 693 232 18 18 11 7 433 63 80 1,585 2 9 45 53,937 [185][186]
2020-04-05 31 87 704 246 19 18 11 8 454 77 70 1,655 2 11 45 56,873 [187][188]
2020-04-06 32 89 713 257 19 18 11 8 462 77 31 1,686 1 12 45 58,098 [189][190][191]
2020-04-07 63 1,749 1 13 45 [192]
2020-04-08 45 88 782 354 21 21 15 13 495 11 96 1,845 5 18 45 63,776 [193][194][195]
2020-04-09 61 93 795 387 22 20 15 15 515 11 89 1,934 0 18 45 [196][197]
2020-04-10 68 94 801 412 24 20 18 15 541 10 69 2,003 6 24 410 73,028 [198][199][200]
2020-04-11 69 94 813 418 23 20 19 16 546 10 25 2,028 1 25 410 75,053 [201][202]
2020-04-12 88 96 865 443 23 21 19 16 587 15 145 2,173 0 25 410 80,085 [203][204]
2020-04-13 104 96 890 465 23 22 22 16 617 17 99 2,272 2 27 410 83,663 [205]
2020-04-14 174 98 909 489 24 22 22 16 643 18 143 2,415 0 27 410 87,022 [206][207]
2020-04-15 199 97 930 519 25 22 23 16 657 18 91 2,506 7 34 410 90,515 [208][209][210]
2020-04-16 220 98 969 539 26 22 24 16 657 16 99 2,605 14 48 903 95,060 [211][212]
2020-04-17 246 100 1,018 591 26 23 24 16 717 22 178 2,783 2 50 903 100,827 [213][214]
2020-04-18 270 100 1,101 604 26 25 24 16 836 32 251 3,034 2 52 903 108,021 [215][216]
2020-04-19 293 100 1,148 617 27 23 24 16 868 42 124 3,158 2 54 903 114,711 [217][218][219]
2020-04-20 310 105 1,170 639 27 23 25 18 940 43 142 3,300 4 58 1,055 121,510 [220][221][222]
2020-04-21 345 106 1,199 671 27 24 24 16 1,010 43 165 3,465 0 58 1,055 126,937 [223][224]
2020-04-22 377 106 1,224 758 27 23 24 16 1,079 1 165 3,635 7 65 1,055 133,774 [225][226][227]
2020-04-23 417 106 1,252 807 27 23 25 16 1,279 1 318 3,953 10 75 1,473 143,570 [228][229]
2020-04-24 480 111 1,281 841 29 24 25 16 1,413 0 267 4,220 4 79 1,473 152,390 [230][231][232]
2020-04-25 488 111 1,304 847 30 23 28 16 1,514 0 141 4,361 7 86 1,473 161,004 [233][234][235]
2020-04-26 535 110 1,331 863 31 23 28 17 1,608 0 185 4,546 1 87 1,473 168,643 [236][237][238]
2020-04-27 588 111 1,353 902 31 26 28 17 1,737 0 247 4,793 3 90 1,473 178,470 [239][240][241]
2020-04-28 616 113 1,377 919 31 24 29 17 1,870 0 203 4,996 3 93 2,073 185,497 [242][243]
2020-04-29 630 113 1,408 956 31 31 29 17 2,135 0 354 5,350 10 103 2,073 197,127 [244][245][246]
2020-04-30 647 116 1,446 980 32 36 31 17 2,342 0 297 5,647 0 103 2,073 207,530 [247][248][249]
2020-05-01 691 118 1,507 1,006 34 35 35 18 2,507 0 304 5,951 13 116 2,382 217,522 [250][251][252]
2020-05-02 732 121 1,598 1,051 36 40 35 23 2,700 0 385 6,336 7 123 2,549 230,686 [253][254][255]
2020-05-03 774 122 1,624 1,076 37 46 36 24 3,044 0 447 6,783 8 131 2,549 245,747 [256][257][258]
2020-05-04 814 125 1,661 1,106 39 53 35 25 3,362 0 437 7,220 7 138 2,746 257,541 [259][260][261]
2020-05-05 838 128 1,697 1,142 40 57 35 26 3,609 0 352 7,572 10 148 2,746 268,064 [262][263][264]
2020-05-06 849 130 1,720 1,189 40 57 37 26 3,760 0 236 7,808 5 153 3,153 279,379 [265][266][267]
2020-05-07 929 134 1,804 1,204 41 59 40 27 3,994 0 424 8,232 8 161 3,153 292,153 [268][269][270]
2020-05-08 989 133 1,851 1,253 43 60 42 27 4,497 0 663 8,895 17 178 3,153 307,752 [271]
2020-05-09 1,078 134 1,910 1,308 51 61 41 28 4,809 0 525 9,420 8 186 4,173 324,079 [272]
2020-05-10 1,218 135 1,952 1,353 54 61 45 29 5,168 0 595 10,015 8 194 4,173 341,336 [273][274][275]
2020-05-11 1,356 135 1,971 1,372 54 63 50 30 5,621 0 637 10,652 12 206 4,357 356,067 [276][277][278]
2020-05-12 1,504 135 2,014 1,394 54 63 51 30 6,105 0 698 11,350 0 206 4,745 369,697 [279][280][281]
2020-05-13 1,534 138 2,074 1,413 54 66 52 30 6,713 0 724 12,074 13 219 4,745 386,352 [282][283][284]
2020-05-14 1,569 145 2,135 1,444 55 67 58 31 7,235 0 665 12,739 19 238 5,676 403,018 [285][286][287]
2020-05-15 1,662 151 2,210 1,482 57 67 63 34 7,798 0 785 13,524 9 247 6,083 421,555 [288][289][290]
2020-05-16 1,812 153 2,262 1,498 59 68 64 35 8,404 0 831 14,355 14 261 6,478 439,559 [291][292][293]
2020-05-17 1,936 158 2,329 1,543 77 71 70 37 9,294 0 1,160 15,515 3 264 7,006 460,873 [294][295][296]
2020-05-18 2,052 163 2,343 1,567 88 76 72 37 10,035 0 918 16,433 22 286 7,298 475,071 [297][298][299]
2020-05-19 2,135 168 2,361 1,616 94 78 72 37 10,639 0 767 17,200 26 312 7,960 488,609 [300][301][302]
2020-05-20 2,215 180 2,400 1,650 93 93 72 38 11,262 0 803 18,003 27 339 8,950 505,861 [303][304][305]
2020-05-21 2,324 184 2,453 1,693 121 95 77 37 12,153 0 1,134 19,137 30 369 8,950 525,433 [306][307][308]
2020-05-22 2,459 185 2,521 1,735 120 98 80 39 12,888 0 988 20,125 28 397 10,104 543,032 [309][310][311]
2020-05-23 2,569 196 2,633 1,777 124 97 81 40 13,826 0 1,218 21,343 10 407 10,104 564,370 [312][313][314]
2020-05-24 2,690 202 2,773 1,815 128 101 94 40 14,740 0 1,240 22,583 22 429 11,100 583,855 [315][316][317]
2020-05-25 2,748 208 2,993 1,882 132 102 109 45 15,396 0 1,032 23,615 52 481 11,917 596,777 [318][319][320]
2020-05-26 2,864 206 3,043 1,927 132 103 115 45 15,829 0 649 24,264 43 524 12,742 605,991 [321][322][323]
2020-05-27 3,047 221 3,167 2,186 141 106 128 48 16,983 0 1,673 25,937 28 552 13,451 634,996 [324][325][326]
2020-05-28 3,306 225 3,329 2,349 144 111 134 51 17,754 0 1,466 27,403 25 577 14,370 655,723 [327][328][329]
2020-05-29 3,583 231 3,583 2,428 170 112 143 52 18,906 32 1,837 29,240 34 611 15,093 680,175 [330][331][332]
2020-05-30 3,759 261 3,773 2,476 173 113 162 57 20,160 33 1,727 30,967 32 643 16,116 701,883 [333][334][335]
2020-05-31 3,927 278 4,003 2,545 177 121 175 69 21,382 6 1,716 32,683 40 683 16,809 725,125 [336][337][338]
2020-06-01 4,111 285 4,231 2,565 192 131 187 82 22,567 6 1,674 34,357 22 705 17,291 742,742 [339][340]
2020-06-02 4,324 299 4,276 2,637 193 132 271 91 23,568 6 1,455 35,812 50 755 18,313 761,534 [341][342]
2020-06-03 4,526 319 4,567 2,707 200 137 314 93 24,567 5 1,713 37,525 37 792 19,682 785,979 [343][344][345]
2020-06-04 4,936 322 4,845 2,869 206 144 364 95 27,006 5 3,267 40,792 56 858 21,311 820,675 [346][347]
2020-06-05 5,240 336 5,215 2,936 215 169 409 102 28,807 5 2,642 43,434 50 908 23,088 850,871 [348][349]
2020-06-06 5,629 348 5,626 3,016 216 181 468 105 30,379 5 2,539 45,973 44 952 24,258 891,668 [7][350][351]
2020-06-07 5,974 361 5,946 3,108 227 189 523 114 31,824 19 2,312 48,285 46 998 24,364 920,064 [352][353][354]
2020-06-08 6,341 373 6,258 3,175 244 183 580 118 33,568 39 2,594 50,879 82 1,080 26,099 943,059 [355][356]
2020-06-09 6,760 391 6,546 3,255 253 184 604 112 34,819 57 2,112 52,991 82 1,162 29,006 968,070 [357][358]
2020-06-10 7,154 401 7,195 3,347 257 207 657 125 36,021 57 2,430 55,421 48 1,210 31,505 998,400 [359][360]
2020-06-11 7,868 406 7,953 3,472 267 228 757 132 37,422 63 3,147 58,568 74 1,284 33,252 1,028,399 [361]
2020-06-12 8,615 435 8,781 3,573 288 243 865 138 38,926 63 3,359 61,927 70 1,354 35,008 1,060,425 [362][363]
2020-06-13 9,250 457 9,897 3,763 309 271 977 144 40,605 63 3,809 65,736 69 1,423 36,850 1,087,887 [364][365]
2020-06-14 10,027 495 11,164 3,874 326 297 1,097 156 42,539 63 4,302 70,038 57 1,480 38,531 1,121,958 [366][367]
2020-06-15 10,597 512 12,193 3,959 362 322 1,177 205 44,143 63 3,495 73,533 88 1,568 39,867 1,148,933 [368][369]
EC FS Gau KZN Lim Mpu NW NC WC 未知 新增 合計 新增 合計 痊癒 檢測數 來源
確診 死亡


豪登省[编辑]

左表為豪登省各自治市的確診數字、右表為約翰內斯堡各區的確診數字。
截至2020年6月6日的豪登省確診個案地圖
  1,000宗或以上確診個案
  100-999宗確診個案
  10-99宗確診個案
  1-9宗確診個案

西北省[编辑]

截至2020年6月6日的西北省確診個案地圖
  10宗或以上確診個案
  1-9宗確診個案

西開普省[编辑]

截至2020年6月6日的西開普省確診個案地圖
  10,000宗或以上確診個案
  1,000-9,999宗確診個案
  100-999宗確診個案
  10-99宗確診個案
  1-9宗確診個案
截至2020年6月6日的西開普省治癒個案地圖
  1,000宗或以上治癒個案
  100-999宗治癒個案
  10-99宗治癒個案
  1-9宗治癒個案

參考文獻[编辑]

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  83. ^ Statement issued by the minister of transport, Fikile Mbalula, on the occasion of the release of Easter fatalities statistics on 17 April 2020 (PDF). Department of Transport. 2020-04-17 [2020-04-30] (英语). 
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  85. ^ Pilling, David. Low Covid-19 death toll raises hopes Africa may be spared worst. Financial Times. 2020-04-28 [2020-05-04] (英语). 
  86. ^ Bradshaw, Debbie; Laubscher, Ria; Dorrington, Rob; Groenewald, Pam; Moultrie, Tom. Report on weekly deaths in South Africa, 1 January - 21 April 2020 (PDF). South African Medical Research Council. 2020-04-28 [2020-05-04] (英语). 
  87. ^ 87.0 87.1 87.2 87.3 87.4 Statement by president Cyril Ramaphosa on South Africa's response to the coronavirus pandemic, Union buildings, Tshwane. SA Corona Virus Online Portal. 2020-04-23 [2020-04-23] (英语). 
  88. ^ President Cyril Ramaphosa: Developments in South Africa’s risk-adjusted strategy to manage the spread of Coronavirus COVID-19. The Presidency. 2020-05-24 [2020-05-24] (英语). 
  89. ^ 南非进一步降低防疫封锁. 人民網. 2020-04-25 [2020-04-26] (中文(中国大陆)‎). 
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  91. ^ 91.00 91.01 91.02 91.03 91.04 91.05 91.06 91.07 91.08 91.09 91.10 91.11 Disaster Management Act: Regulations: Alert level 4 during Coronavirus COVID-19 lockdown. Government of South Africa. 2020-04-29 [2020-04-30] (英语). 
  92. ^ Minister Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma on directions of once off movement of persons during Coronavirus COVID-19 alert level 4. Government of South Africa. 2020-04-30 [2020-05-01] (英语). 
  93. ^ Masuabi, Queenin. Bheki Cele: ‘I wish alcohol ban could be extended beyond lockdown’. City Press. 2020-04-05 [2020-04-06] (英语). 
  94. ^ Tandwa, Lizeka. 'Don't give us a reason to arrest you' - Cele, as lockdown arrests rise to 2 289. News24. 2020-04-03 [2020-04-03] (英语). 
  95. ^ Seleka, Ntwaagae. Over 17 000 people arrested since lockdown kicked off. News24. 2020-04-03 [2020-04-03] (英语). 
  96. ^ Ramaphosa places Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams on partly unpaid special leave. The Citizen. 2020-04-08 [2020-04-08] (英语). 
  97. ^ 武漢肺炎》全國封鎖竟揪友爽吃午餐 南非部長遭停職. 自由時報. 2020-04-08 [2020-04-08] (中文(台灣)‎). 
  98. ^ 未遵守封鎖防疫規範 南非部長遭停職公開道歉. 中央通訊社. 2020-04-08 [2020-04-08] (中文(台灣)‎). 
  99. ^ Feni, Lulamile. Lockdown? Life continues as normal in some parts of the Eastern Cape. Times LIVE. 2020-04-06 [2020-04-29] (英语). 
  100. ^ Bhengu, Cebelihle. Mzansi reacts to police & army 'brutality' during lockdown - 'they must respect the law'. Times LIVE. 2020-03-31 [2020-03-31] (英语). 
  101. ^ Reddy, Micah; Allison, Simon. Police use sjamboks and rubber bullets to enforce Hillbrow lockdown. The Mail & Guardian. 2020-03-31 [2020-04-01] (英语). 
  102. ^ Where Cele went wrong with lockdown regulations. Independent Online. 2020-03-31 [2020-04-01] (英语). 
  103. ^ 103.0 103.1 103.2 Knoetze, Daneel. Police kill three people in three days of lockdown. This is normal for South Africa. GroundUp News. 2020-04-01 [2020-04-03] (英语). 
  104. ^ Seleka, Ntwaagae. Cops, metro cop face 3 counts of murder and other serious charges. News24. 2020-03-31 [2020-04-02] (英语). 
  105. ^ Nyathi, Ayanda. Ipid investigates after 8 deaths recorded since lockdown. Eyewitness News. 2020-04-03 [2020-04-03] (英语). 
  106. ^ Mokgatlhe, Kenneth; Ngoepe, Karabo. Police brutality on the rise during lockdown. Independent Online. 2020-04-05 [2020-04-06] (英语). 
  107. ^ Evans, Jenni. Sanef sounds alarm over the treatment of the media in Cape Town. News24. 2020-04-08 [2020-04-09] (英语). 
  108. ^ Karrim, Azarrah. Covid-19: UN Human Rights Office concerned by excessive force, death reports during SA lockdown. News24. 2020-04-28 [2020-05-05] (英语). 
  109. ^ UN raises alarm about police brutality in COVID-19 lockdowns. Al Jazeera. 2020-04-28 [2020-05-05] (英语). 
  110. ^ Knoetze, Daneel. Details of two additional alleged lockdown killings by police revealed. GroundUp News. 2020-04-30 [2020-05-09] (英语). 
  111. ^ 111.0 111.1 President Ramaphosa declares Ranch Resort COVID-19 free. South African Government News Agency. 2020-03-29 [2020-03-31] (英语). 
  112. ^ 112.0 112.1 Repatriated citizens to be reunited with families. South African Government News Agency. 2020-03-29 [2020-03-31] (英语). 
  113. ^ Coronavirus: SAA Airbus carrying 114 SA citizens repatriated from Wuhan lands in Polokwane. News24. 2020-03-14 [2020-03-19] (英语). 
  114. ^ 114.0 114.1 Daniel, Luke. Sick South Africans left behind in Wuhan, confirms Mkhize. The South African. 2020-03-16 [2020-03-21] (英语). 
  115. ^ Repatriated South Africans arrive home. South African Government News Agency. 2020-03-14 [2020-03-21] (英语). 
  116. ^ Ngqakamba, Sesona. This is why a Limpopo resort was chosen. News24. 2020-03-14 [2020-03-18] (英语). 
  117. ^ Haffajee, Ferial; Citizen, Maverick; Insider Team, the Maverick. Coronavirus Explainer: Maverick Insider Covid-19 Questions, Answered. Daily Maverick. 2020-03-19 [2020-03-24] (英语). 
  118. ^ Ryan, Ciaran. SA economy could crater up to 10% this year. Moneyweb. 2020-03-25 [2020-03-27] (英语). 
  119. ^ Eskom will keep the lights on during 21-day lockdown. Independent Online. 2020-03-28 [2020-04-01] (英语). 
  120. ^ Mjo, Odwa. MARKET WRAP: JSE has worst week since 1998 as pandemic plagues investors. Business LIVE. 2020-03-13 [2020-03-16] (英语). 
  121. ^ Naidoo, Suren. Repo rate slashed by 1%. Moneyweb. 2020-03-19 [2020-03-20] (英语). 
  122. ^ Reserve Bank announces surprise rate cut of another 100 basis points. Business Tech. 2020-04-14 [2020-04-14] (英语). 
  123. ^ Coronavirus: Standard Bank gives businesses, students a debt holiday. Business Insider. 2020-03-22 [2020-03-23] (英语). 
  124. ^ Pitjeng, Refilwe. Super Rugby suspended over coronavirus concerns. Eyewitness News. 2020-03-14 [2020-03-14] (英语). 
  125. ^ Coronavirus: Guinness PRO14 season suspended until further notice. Sky Sports. 2020-03-12 [2020-03-16] (英语). 
  126. ^ Statement by FNB Varsity Cup. Varsity Cup. 2020-03-17 [2020-03-17] (英语). 
  127. ^ Two Oceans Marathon cancelled amid coronavirus pandemic. Sport24. 2020-03-15 [2020-03-15] (英语). 
  128. ^ Africa's Two Oceans Marathon cancelled amid coronavirus pandemic. iBusiness. 2020-03-15 [2020-03-15] (英语). 
  129. ^ The Official Statement regarding the cancellation of the 2020 Absa Cape Epic. Cape Epic. 2020-03-15 [2020-03-16] (英语). 
  130. ^ Isaacs, Alex. AfrikaBurn 2020 cancelled. Channel24. 2020-03-13 [2020-03-13] (英语). 
  131. ^ Coronavirus fears prompt postponement of CT International Jazz Festival. Eyewitness News. 2020-03-14 [2020-03-15] (英语). 
  132. ^ KKNK not going ahead as planned. Klein Karoo Nasionale Kunstefees. 2020-03-14 [2020-03-15] (英语). 
  133. ^ Lekkerland Carnival 2020 Postponement. Lekkerland Carnival. 2020-03-16 [2020-03-17] (英语). 
  134. ^ Evans, Jenni. More lockdown looting in the Western Cape as police race to protect shops. News24. 2020-04-22 [2020-05-09] (英语). 
  135. ^ Masweneng, Kgaugelo. Police help Cape bottle stores move stock as looting spreads to food shops. Times LIVE. 2020-04-14 [2020-04-14] (英语). 
  136. ^ Breakfast, Siviwe. Watch: More lockdown looting in Cape Town. The South African. 2020-04-14 [2020-04-14] (英语). 
  137. ^ Coronavirus: Top South African HIV scientist dies. BBC News. 2020-04-01 [2020-04-08] (英语). 
  138. ^ Heywood, Mark. Dr Clarence Mini (1951-2020): A champion for health and human rights. Daily Maverick. 2020-05-14 [2020-05-15] (英语). 
  139. ^ Seleka, Ntwaagae. Tributes continue to pour in for Clarence Mini who died of Covid-19. News24. 2020-05-14 [2020-05-15] (英语). 
  140. ^ Cameraman Lungile Tom Brought Parliament to Homes of South Africans. Parliament of South Africa. 2020-05-13 [2020-05-14] (英语). 
  141. ^ eMedia Investments mourns the loss of top cameraman. eNCA. 2020-05-13 [2020-05-14] (英语). 
  142. ^ Mkhize, Zwelini. Third confirmed case of COVID-19 in South Africa. NICD. 2020-03-08 [2020-03-08] (英语). 
  143. ^ COVID-19 Situational Report No. 35 (PDF). NICD. 2020-03-10 [2020-03-20] (英语). 
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  153. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-03-21 [2020-03-21] (英语). 
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  157. ^ Head, Tom. Coronavirus in SA: Some good news – four patients ‘fully recovered’ in KZN. The South African. 2020-03-23 [2020-03-27] (英语). 
  158. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 554 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-03-24 [2020-03-25] (英语). 
  159. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-03-24 [2020-03-24] (英语). 
  160. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 709 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-03-25 [2020-03-26] (英语). 
  161. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-03-25 [2020-03-25] (英语). 
  162. ^ NEW CASES: We confirm 155 new cases of #COVID19. NICD. 2020-03-25 [2020-03-25] (英语). 
  163. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 927 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-03-26 [2020-03-26] (英语). 
  164. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-03-26 [2020-03-27] (英语). 
  165. ^ Cases of #COVID19 are increasing and transmission is on-going in South Africa. NICD. 2020-03-26 [2020-03-26] (英语). 
  166. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 1170 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-03-27 [2020-03-28] (英语). 
  167. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms first deaths due to Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-03-27 [2020-03-27] (英语). 
  168. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-03-27 [2020-03-27] (英语). 
  169. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-03-28 [2020-03-28] (英语). 
  170. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 2nd death and total of 1280 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-03-29 [2020-03-29] (英语). 
  171. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-03-29 [2020-03-29] (英语). 
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  173. ^ Coronavirus in SA: All the confirmed cases. Health24. 2020-03-30 [2020-03-30] (英语). 
  174. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 5 deaths and total of 1353 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-03-31 [2020-04-01] (英语). 
  175. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-03-31 [2020-03-31] (英语). 
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  177. ^ Minister of Zweli Mkhize: Launch of mobile laboratories. Department of Health. 2020-04-01 [2020-04-02] (英语). 
  178. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-01 [2020-04-02] (英语). 
  179. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 1 462 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-02 [2020-04-02] (英语). 
  180. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-02 [2020-04-02] (英语). 
  181. ^ Mkhize announces larger jump in confirmed Covid-19 cases in SA, to 1,462. The Citizen. 2020-04-02 [2020-04-02] (英语). 
  182. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 7 deaths and total of 1505 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-03 [2020-04-04] (英语). 
  183. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-03 [2020-04-04] (英语). 
  184. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-03 [2020-04-03] (英语). 
  185. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 1 585 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-04 [2020-04-04] (英语). 
  186. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-04 [2020-04-05] (英语). 
  187. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 11 deaths and total of 1655 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-05 [2020-04-06] (英语). 
  188. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-05 [2020-04-06] (英语). 
  189. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 12 deaths and total of 1686 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-06 [2020-04-07] (英语). 
  190. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-06 [2020-04-06] (英语). 
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  192. ^ Mkhize announces total Covid-19 infections in SA now at 1,749, with one more death. The Citizen. 2020-04-07 [2020-04-07] (英语). 
  193. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 18 deaths and total of 1845 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-08 [2020-04-08] (英语). 
  194. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-08 [2020-04-09] (英语). 
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  197. ^ WATCH LIVE: Ramaphosa extends Covid-19 lockdown by 14 days. The Citizen. 2020-04-09 [2020-04-09] (英语). 
  198. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 24 deaths and total of 2003 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-10 [2020-04-11] (英语). 
  199. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-10 [2020-04-11] (英语). 
  200. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-10 [2020-04-10] (英语). 
  201. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 25 deaths and total of 2028 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-11 [2020-04-12] (英语). 
  202. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-11 [2020-04-11] (英语). 
  203. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 2 173 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-12 [2020-04-12] (英语). 
  204. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-12 [2020-04-12] (英语). 
  205. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-13 [2020-04-13] (英语). 
  206. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 2 415 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-14 [2020-04-14] (英语). 
  207. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-14 [2020-04-14] (英语). 
  208. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 2 506 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-15 [2020-04-15] (英语). 
  209. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-15 [2020-04-15] (英语). 
  210. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-15 [2020-04-15] (英语). 
  211. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms totoal of 2 605 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-16 [2020-04-17] (英语). 
  212. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-16 [2020-04-17] (英语). 
  213. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 2 783 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-17 [2020-04-18] (英语). 
  214. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-17 [2020-04-18] (英语). 
  215. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 3 034 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-18 [2020-04-18] (英语). 
  216. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-18 [2020-04-18] (英语). 
  217. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 3 158 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-19 [2020-04-19] (英语). 
  218. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-19 [2020-04-20] (英语). 
  219. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-19 [2020-04-20] (英语). 
  220. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 3300 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-20 [2020-04-20] (英语). 
  221. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-20 [2020-04-20] (英语). 
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  225. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 3 635 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-22 [2020-04-22] (英语). 
  226. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-22 [2020-04-22] (英语). 
  227. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-22 [2020-04-22] (英语). 
  228. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 3 953 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-23 [2020-04-23] (英语). 
  229. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-23 [2020-04-23] (英语). 
  230. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 4 220 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-24 [2020-04-24] (英语). 
  231. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-24 [2020-04-24] (英语). 
  232. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-24 [2020-04-24] (英语). 
  233. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 4 361 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-25 [2020-04-25] (英语). 
  234. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-25 [2020-04-25] (英语). 
  235. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-25 [2020-04-25] (英语). 
  236. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 4 546 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-26 [2020-04-26] (英语). 
  237. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-26 [2020-04-26] (英语). 
  238. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-26 [2020-04-26] (英语). 
  239. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 4 793 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-27 [2020-04-27] (英语). 
  240. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-27 [2020-04-27] (英语). 
  241. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-27 [2020-04-27] (英语). 
  242. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 4 996 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-28 [2020-04-28] (英语). 
  243. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-28 [2020-04-28] (英语). 
  244. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 5 350 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-29 [2020-04-29] (英语). 
  245. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-29 [2020-04-30] (英语). 
  246. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-29 [2020-04-30] (英语). 
  247. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 5 647 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-04-30 [2020-05-01] (英语). 
  248. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-04-30 [2020-05-01] (英语). 
  249. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-04-30 [2020-05-01] (英语). 
  250. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 5 951 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-01 [2020-05-01] (英语). 
  251. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-01 [2020-05-01] (英语). 
  252. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-01 [2020-05-01] (英语). 
  253. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 6 336 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-02 [2020-05-02] (英语). 
  254. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-02 [2020-05-02] (英语). 
  255. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-02 [2020-05-02] (英语). 
  256. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 6 783 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-03 [2020-05-03] (英语). 
  257. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-03 [2020-05-03] (英语). 
  258. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-03 [2020-05-03] (英语). 
  259. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 7 220 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-04 [2020-05-04] (英语). 
  260. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-04 [2020-05-05] (英语). 
  261. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-04 [2020-05-05] (英语). 
  262. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 7 572 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-05 [2020-05-05] (英语). 
  263. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-05 [2020-05-05] (英语). 
  264. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-05 [2020-05-05] (英语). 
  265. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 7 808 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-06 [2020-05-06] (英语). 
  266. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-06 [2020-05-06] (英语). 
  267. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-06 [2020-05-06] (英语). 
  268. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 8 232 confirmed cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-07 [2020-05-07] (英语). 
  269. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-07 [2020-05-07] (英语). 
  270. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-07 [2020-05-07] (英语). 
  271. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 8 895 confirmed cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-08 [2020-05-08] (英语). 
  272. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 9 420 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-09 [2020-05-09] (英语). 
  273. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 10 015 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-10 [2020-05-10] (英语). 
  274. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-10 [2020-05-10] (英语). 
  275. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-10 [2020-05-10] (英语). 
  276. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 10 652 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-11 [2020-05-11] (英语). 
  277. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-11 [2020-05-11] (英语). 
  278. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-11 [2020-05-11] (英语). 
  279. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 11 350 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-12 [2020-05-12] (英语). 
  280. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-12 [2020-05-12] (英语). 
  281. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-12 [2020-05-12] (英语). 
  282. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 12 074 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-13 [2020-05-13] (英语). 
  283. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-13 [2020-05-13] (英语). 
  284. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-13 [2020-05-13] (英语). 
  285. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 12 739 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-14 [2020-05-14] (英语). 
  286. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-14 [2020-05-14] (英语). 
  287. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-14 [2020-05-14] (英语). 
  288. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 13 524 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-15 [2020-05-15] (英语). 
  289. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-15 [2020-05-15] (英语). 
  290. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-15 [2020-05-15] (英语). 
  291. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 14 355 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-16 [2020-05-16] (英语). 
  292. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-16 [2020-05-16] (英语). 
  293. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-16 [2020-05-16] (英语). 
  294. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 15 515 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-17 [2020-05-17] (英语). 
  295. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-17 [2020-05-17] (英语). 
  296. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-17 [2020-05-17] (英语). 
  297. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 16 433 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. Department of Health. 2020-05-18 [2020-05-18] (英语). 
  298. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-18 [2020-05-18] (英语). 
  299. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-18 [2020-05-18] (英语). 
  300. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 17 200 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-19 [2020-05-19] (英语). 
  301. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-19 [2020-05-19] (英语). 
  302. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-19 [2020-05-19] (英语). 
  303. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 18 003 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-20 [2020-05-20] (英语). 
  304. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-20 [2020-05-20] (英语). 
  305. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-20 [2020-05-20] (英语). 
  306. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 19 137 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-21 [2020-05-21] (英语). 
  307. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-21 [2020-05-21] (英语). 
  308. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-21 [2020-05-21] (英语). 
  309. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total 20 125 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-22 [2020-05-22] (英语). 
  310. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-22 [2020-05-22] (英语). 
  311. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-22 [2020-05-22] (英语). 
  312. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 21 343 Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-23 [2020-05-23] (英语). 
  313. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-23 [2020-05-23] (英语). 
  314. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-23 [2020-05-23] (英语). 
  315. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 22 583 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-24 [2020-05-24] (英语). 
  316. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-24 [2020-05-24] (英语). 
  317. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-24 [2020-05-24] (英语). 
  318. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 23 615 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-25 [2020-05-25] (英语). 
  319. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-25 [2020-05-25] (英语). 
  320. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-25 [2020-05-25] (英语). 
  321. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 24 264 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-26 [2020-05-26] (英语). 
  322. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-26 [2020-05-26] (英语). 
  323. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-26 [2020-05-26] (英语). 
  324. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 25 937 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-27 [2020-05-27] (英语). 
  325. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-27 [2020-05-27] (英语). 
  326. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-27 [2020-05-27] (英语). 
  327. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 27 403 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-28 [2020-05-28] (英语). 
  328. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-28 [2020-05-28] (英语). 
  329. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-28 [2020-05-28] (英语). 
  330. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhizi confirms total of 29 240 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-29 [2020-05-29] (英语). 
  331. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-29 [2020-05-29] (英语). 
  332. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-29 [2020-05-29] (英语). 
  333. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhizi confirms total of 30 967 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-30 [2020-05-30] (英语). 
  334. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-30 [2020-05-30] (英语). 
  335. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-30 [2020-05-30] (英语). 
  336. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 32 683 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-05-31 [2020-05-31] (英语). 
  337. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-05-31 [2020-05-31] (英语). 
  338. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-05-31 [2020-05-31] (英语). 
  339. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 34 357 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-01 [2020-06-01] (英语). 
  340. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-01 [2020-06-01] (英语). 
  341. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 35 812 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-02 [2020-06-02] (英语). 
  342. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-06-02 [2020-06-02] (英语). 
  343. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 37 525 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-03 [2020-06-03] (英语). 
  344. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-03 [2020-06-03] (英语). 
  345. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-06-03 [2020-06-03] (英语). 
  346. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 40 792 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-05 [2020-06-05] (英语). 
  347. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-04 [2020-06-04] (英语). 
  348. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 43 434 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-05 [2020-06-05] (英语). 
  349. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-05 [2020-06-05] (英语). 
  350. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-06 [2020-06-06] (英语). 
  351. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-06-06 [2020-06-06] (英语). 
  352. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 48 285 cases of Coronavirus Covid-19 on 7 Jun. 2020-06-07 [2020-06-07] (英语). 
  353. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-07 [2020-06-07] (英语). 
  354. ^ COVID-19 statistics in RSA. NICD. 2020-06-07 [2020-06-07] (英语). 
  355. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 50 879 cases of Coronavirus Covid-19 on 8 Jun. 2020-06-08 [2020-06-08] (英语). 
  356. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-08 [2020-06-08] (英语). 
  357. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 52 991 cases of Coronavirus Covid-19 on 9 Jun. 2020-06-09 [2020-06-09] (英语). 
  358. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-09 [2020-06-09] (英语). 
  359. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 55 421 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-10 [2020-06-10] (英语). 
  360. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-10 [2020-06-10] (英语). 
  361. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 58 568 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-11 [2020-06-11] (英语). 
  362. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 61 927 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-12 [2020-06-12] (英语). 
  363. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-12 [2020-06-12] (英语). 
  364. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 65 736 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-13 [2020-06-13] (英语). 
  365. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-13 [2020-06-13] (英语). 
  366. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 70 038 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-14 [2020-06-14] (英语). 
  367. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-14 [2020-06-14] (英语). 
  368. ^ Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 73 533 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19. 2020-06-15 [2020-06-15] (英语). 
  369. ^ COVID-19 update. NICD. 2020-06-15 [2020-06-15] (英语). 

外部連結[编辑]