2022年扎姆法拉大屠杀

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索

2022年1月4日至6日,尼日利亚扎姆法拉州土匪杀害了超过200人,[1]尼日利亚近代史上死伤最严重的恐怖袭击。[2]

背景[编辑]

尼日利亚匪患始于2011年,与农牧民冲突博科圣地叛乱有关,至今已导致上千人遇害。土匪团伙袭击西北各州,大规模绑架乃至屠杀居民。仅在扎姆法拉州,2021年2月便有279名中学女生遭绑架,6月在朱尔米又有50余村民遭屠杀[3]

袭击发生前,政府军在1月3日发动空袭,击毙100名土匪,摧毁多处基地;土匪因而进入扎姆法拉州展开报复[4]几天后,尼日利亚政府认定这些匪徒为恐怖分子。[5]

屠杀[编辑]

袭击发生前不久,土匪试图劫掠一个有3,000头牛的牛群,却遇到了当地义警。双方发生枪战,义警战败,多人遇害。土匪随即开始屠杀村民。[6][7]

1月4日下午12点45分左右,约300-500名土匪枪手乘摩托车进入库法尔丹亚镇(Kurfar Danya),[8]由此展开对安卡布库尤姆地方政府区的系列劫案。[9][1][10]匪帮射杀村民,抢劫房屋后将其付之一炬。[11]土匪连续两天围攻库尔法镇(Kurfa)和拉芬-格罗镇(Rafin-Gero),未遭政府阻挠。[12][10]土匪先后摧毁五个定居点。[13]一名幸存者说土匪“见人就开枪”。[14]

1月6日,政府部队截击土匪,结束屠杀。[15][10]土匪头子贝洛·图尔吉(Bello Turji)被控对大屠杀负责。[16][17][18][19]

已确认的遇袭定居点

名称 袭击日期 详情 参考
Kurfar Danya 1月4日,星期二 首个目标;居民无家可归 [13][6][10]
Rafin Danya 1月4日,星期二 被毁 [19][6]
Barayar Zaki 1月4日,星期二 [6][20]
Rafin Gero 1月4日,星期二 围攻后被毁 [6][10][21]
Waramu [16][22]
Tungar Isa 被毁 [23][21]
Kewaye [13][21]
Tungar Na More [24][25]

受害者[编辑]

扎姆法拉州当局称有58人死亡,备受争议。[26][27]一些难民认为有154人遇害。[14]人道主义事务部长萨迪亚·奥马尔·法鲁克的发言人称有200多具尸体下葬,[1]当地居民同意该说法。[28]著名反匪民团领袖甘博·阿巴雷(Gambo Abare)在系列袭击中遇害。[16][29]

后果[编辑]

匪帮焚毁五个定居点,超过一万人流离失所[13][1]多人至今下落不明。[30]土匪盗走大量资源,包括约2,000头牛。[31][32]尼日利亚当局抵达受害地区,协助组织集体葬礼。[14]救援工作仍在进行中。[33]

反应[编辑]

尼日利亚[编辑]

1月8日,尼日利亚总统穆罕默杜·布哈里谴责本次袭击,称尼日利亚将争取镇压该国的恐怖主义。[34][14]联邦政府书记安伊姆·皮乌斯·安伊姆对杀戮事件感到难过,谴责肇事者“破坏生命和财产”。[35]

安卡埃米尔Alhaji Attahir Ahmad和布库尤姆埃米尔Alhaji Muhammad Usman加强了地区安防。扎姆法拉州长贝洛·马塔瓦勒立即访问受害地区,与幸存者及家属会面交谈。他批评媒体据报夸大伤亡人数,称媒体“大相径庭地引用近期逃亡土匪袭击的可怕死亡数字”。[36]

全体进步大会党谴责这一事件,支持尼日利亚武装部队追查肇事者。全国代理委员会书记约翰·詹姆斯·阿克潘·乌多-埃德赫代表党“向失去亲人的家庭表示衷心哀悼,并向扎姆法拉州政府和人民表示同情”。[37][38]

尼日利亚劳工大会谴责大屠杀以及土匪的“邪恶和不人道”。[39]

前尼日利亚航空部部长费米·法尼-卡约德提议以地毯式轰炸防止屠杀,并指出军方刚获得一批“超级巨嘴鸟”攻击机[40]卡杜纳州州长纳西尔·艾哈迈德·埃尔-鲁法伊也表示支持。[41]

他们在索科托杀人,你把军队调到那儿,把他们赶出去,他们就跑到凯比。如果他们在凯比挨了炸,就接着跑到卡杜纳。应该从天上炸、从地上炸、联合地面部队同时在全西北部五六个州以及尼日尔轰炸他们。在我看来,这个问题可以在几周内解决。我相信现在的不安全程度已经到了临界点,必须付出一些代价。我希望一劳永逸地结束这场匪乱。这是个问题。[42] ——纳西尔·艾哈迈德·埃尔-鲁法伊

国际[编辑]

土耳其外交部声称“据悉扎姆法拉州多起袭击造成逾百人丧生,对此表示万分悲痛。”[43][44]

联合国秘书长安东尼奥·古特雷斯对这一事件表示强烈谴责,支持尼日利亚的反恐行动,告诉尼日利亚当局"不遗余力地将这些令人发指的罪魁祸首绳之以法"。[45]古特雷斯重申了联合国对该国的声援。[46][47][48]

António Guterres Twitter
@antonioguterres

I strongly condemn the appalling attacks perpetrated over the weekend in Nigeria’s Zamfara State in which many civilians were killed. I urge the Nigerian authorities to spare no effort in bringing those responsible for these heinous crimes to justice.


尼日利亚扎姆法拉州周末发生了骇人听闻的袭击事件,许多平民遇害,对此我强烈谴责。我敦促尼日利亚当局不遗余力将这些令人发指的罪魁祸首绳之以法。

2022-01-10[49]

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 At least 200 dead in bandit attacks in northwest Nigeria. Al Jazeera. [2022-01-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  2. ^ Egbas, Jude. Terrorists kill more than 200 in Zamfara, Buhari fumes. Pulse Nigeria. 2022-01-08 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  3. ^ Hundreds killed in multiple gun raids in northwestern Nigeria. France 24. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  4. ^ Reprisal Attacks in Nigeria's Zamfara State Kill 200 Civilians. Democracy Now!. [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  5. ^ At least 200 villagers killed by bandits in north-west Nigeria. the Guardian. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 How Zamfara terrorists invaded our villages, killed over 200, burnt houses –Survivors. Punch Newspapers. 2022-01-08 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  7. ^ Bloodbath in Zamfara villages as bandits kill 200, scores missing. Punch Newspapers. 2022-01-07 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  8. ^ Reporters, Our Correspondent Our. Banditry: Over 10,000 victims rendered homeless in Zamfara – FG. New Telegraph. [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  9. ^ Death toll in attacks in Nigeria's Zamfara state around 200 - residents. National Post. 2022-01-08 [2022-01-10]. 
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 Reuters. Armed bandits kill at least 30 in Nigeria's Zamfara state. Reuters. 2022-01-08 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  11. ^ More Than 100 Killed in Attack in Nigeria's North, Reports Say. VOA. [2022-01-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  12. ^ Armed Bandits Kill at Least 30 in Nigeria's Zamfara State. US News. 2022-01-07 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  13. ^ 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Bandits burn down five Zamfara communities, kill many people. Premium Times. 2022-01-06 [2022-01-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-07). 
  14. ^ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Nigeria's president condemns killings in Zamfara state. Deutsche Welle. [2022-01-09]. 
  15. ^ Authorities: Death Toll Surpass 200 in Attacks in Nigeria's North. VOA. [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  16. ^ 16.0 16.1 16.2 Zamfara Attacks: Over 50 dead bodies found as residents panic over rumour of Turji's relocation. 2022-01-07 [2022-01-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-07). 
  17. ^ Modern Tokyo Times. 2022-01-10 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  18. ^ Gabriel, John. Zamfara killings: You'll never know peace – University don curses bandits, sponsors. Daily Post Nigeria. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  19. ^ 19.0 19.1 Lives valueless under Buhari's govt – Kingsley Moghalu - P.M. News. P.M. News. [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  20. ^ Bandits dare Nigerian military, return to Zamfara to massacre 218 civilians. Peoples Gazette. 2022-01-08 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  21. ^ 21.0 21.1 21.2 editing. Bandits Attack Five Zamfara Communities, Kill Many Residents. Sahara Reporters. 2022-01-06 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  22. ^ Reporters, Our Correspondent Our. Buhari: Zamfara massacre, act of desperation by mass murderer. New Telegraph. [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  23. ^ Más de 200 muertos en ataques de bandidos en Nigeria. abc. 2022-01-08 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-08) (西班牙语). 
  24. ^ Edokwe, Bridget. Over 200 Residents Buried As Bandits Raze Zamfara Communities In Fresh Attacks. BarristerNG.com. 2022-01-08 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  25. ^ Brown, Tamsin. Hundreds killed in vicious bandit attacks on Nigerian villages. EuroWeekly News. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  26. ^ Nigerian locals, authorities give varying attack death tolls. CBS17. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  27. ^ CNN, Story by Reuters and Nimi Princewill. Scores killed in northwest Nigeria during reprisal attacks by armed bandits. CNN. [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  28. ^ About 200 Dead in Attacks in Northwest Nigeria, Residents Say. US News. 2022-01-08 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  29. ^ Insecurity: Round-up Of Northwest Nigeria's Week Of Mixed Fortunes. HumAngle Media. 2022-01-08 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-11). 
  30. ^ AfricaNews. Nigeria: bandits attacks kill at least 200, displacing thousands. Africanews. 2022-01-10 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  31. ^ Nigeria motorbike gang attack: Death toll rises to 200. BBC News. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  32. ^ Nigeria: Armed assailants kill up to 200 civilians in attacks in Zamfara State Jan. 5-6. GardaWorld. [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  33. ^ AFP. Nigeria attacks leave 200 dead, thousands displaced. DAWN.COM. 2022-01-10 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  34. ^ Buhari condemns massacre of about 200 villagers in Zamfara. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  35. ^ Zamfara killings: Anyim mourns, says people should not live in fear in their own home. Punch Newspapers. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  36. ^ Killings: Zamfara emirs cry for help, Buhari vows to crush terrorists. Punch Newspapers. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  37. ^ Defeated bandits running from military onslaught in Zamfara, APC says. Peoples Gazette. 2022-01-10 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  38. ^ Killings in Zamfara won't go unpunished, says APC. TheCable. 2022-01-10 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  39. ^ NLC condemns recent massacre in Zamfara. The Sun (Nigeria). 2022-01-10 [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  40. ^ Silas, Don. Zamfara massacre: Time to consider use of American Tucano jets – Fani-Kayode. Daily Post Nigeria. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  41. ^ BANDITS: El-Rufai's call for carpet-bombing raises dust. Vanguard News. 2022-01-09 [2022-01-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  42. ^ Carpet-Bombing: The collateral damage 'll be enormous — Pundit tells El-Rufai. Vanguard News. 2022-01-08 [2022-01-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-09). 
  43. ^ Turkey condemns 'heinous' attacks in northwestern Nigeria. Anadolu Agency. [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-11). 
  44. ^ Dışişleri Bakanlığı'ndan Nijerya'daki saldırıya kınama. TGRT Haber. [2022-01-10]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10) (土耳其语). 
  45. ^ UN chief condemns 'appalling' attacks in Nigeria. Saudi Gazetteglish. 2022-01-11 [2022-01-11]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-11). 
  46. ^ Zamfara Attacks: UN scribe condemns killings, urges FG to arrest perpetrators. Premium Times. 2022-01-11 [2022-01-11]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-11). 
  47. ^ Zamfara: UN chief Guterres condemns massacre of over 200 people by bandits. Peoples Gazette. 2022-01-10 [2022-01-11]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-10). 
  48. ^ Scores of civilians dead, UN chief condemns 'appalling' attacks in Nigeria. UN News. 2022-01-10 [2022-01-11]. (原始内容存档于2022-01-11). 
  49. ^ António Guterres [@antonioguterres]. I strongly condemn the appalling attacks perpetrated over the weekend in Nigeria’s Zamfara State in which many civilians were killed. I urge the Nigerian authorities to spare no effort in bringing those responsible for these heinous crimes to justice. (推文). 2022-01-10 –通过Twitter.