A-235反弹道导弹系统

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A-235 PL-19 努多利河 (俄语:Система А-235 / РТЦ-181М RTTs-181M / 努多利河俄语Нудоль (река))是俄罗斯的第三代反弹道导弹系统反衛星武器系统[1][2][3] 该系统用于保卫莫斯科地区。系统开发商是阿尔玛兹·安泰英语Almaz-Antey。用以替换1989年部署使用至今的A-135反弹道导弹系统。二者主要差异是A-235使用常规弹头并机动部署。[4]

使用升级过的顿河-2N雷达英语Don-2N radar与测距雷达Don 2NP / 5N20P。制导系统类似于A-135。部署阵地未知。[5] 根据2018年初报告,系统不会装备核弹头。[6]2018年底将在莫斯科周边部署。[7]

外部视频链接
A–235发射测试, YouTube视频

A-235将部署三种不同射程的导弹:

  • 基于51T6的远程导弹,射程1500,射高800,000 m;
  • 基于58R6改进型的中程导弹,射程1000,射高120,000 m;
  • 53T6M (45T6)[8]近程导弹是PRS-1 (53T6英语53T6 “瞪羚”)的现代化版。[9],射程350 km,射高40,000-50,000 m.[10]

参见[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Diplomat, Ankit Panda, The. Russia Conducts New Test of 'Nudol' Anti-Satellite System. The Diplomat. [21 January 2019]. 
  2. ^ Soviet BMD Programs. www.globalsecurity.org. [21 January 2019]. 
  3. ^ Graff, Garrett M. The New Arms Race Threatening to Explode in Space. Wired. June 26, 2018. Russia has repeatedly flight-tested a so-called direct ascent weapon, the PL-19 Nudol ballistic missile, which could strike objects in orbit, although it hasn’t conducted a live attack on an orbiting satellite. 
  4. ^ Matveyev, Vadim; RIR, specially for. New missile defences being developed. www.rbth.com. 3 February 2016 [21 January 2019]. 
  5. ^ Russia Flight Tests Anti-Satellite Missile - Washington Free Beacon. freebeacon.com. 2 December 2015 [15 March 2018]. 
  6. ^ Москва получит новую противоракетную защиту. Известия. 2018-02-21 [2018-02-21] (俄语). 
  7. ^ СМИ: в Москве усилят систему ПРО. Газета.Ru. [2018-02-21]. 
  8. ^ 53T6 Gazelle. www.globalsecurity.org. [21 January 2019]. 
  9. ^ @DFRLab. #PutinAtWar: New Russian Anti-Ballistic Missile. medium.com. 1 December 2017 [15 March 2018]. 
  10. ^ Russia Successfully Tests Short-Range Anti-Missile System. Strategic-culture.org. [2019-01-21]. 
  11. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为Mardasov的参考文献提供内容