草稿:護照印章

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從吉打的阿卜杜勒-阿齐兹国王国际机场取得的護照印章並印在菲律賓護照。 所有沙地阿拉伯護照印章是使用伊斯蘭曆作為日期。

護照印章是護照上留下的印記,通常是在進入或離開一個國家時用橡皮圖章製作的。 護照郵票可能偶爾採用入境標籤的形式,例如日本的入境標籤。 根據國籍,訪客可能不會收到蓋章(除非特別要求),例如前往歐盟/歐洲自由貿易聯盟國家,阿爾巴尼亞或馬其頓的歐盟或歐洲自由貿易聯盟公民。 大多數國家除了入境印章外還會有出境印章。 少數國家只在護照上蓋上入境標籤蓋章,包括澳大利亞加拿大美國新西蘭愛爾蘭英國薩爾瓦多。而 韓國香港澳門以色列不會在進入或退出時蓋上護照,而是發出入境標籤。 簽證也可以採用護照印章的形式。

目录

用途[编辑]

作為移民控制或海關手續的一部分,移民局通常在入境口岸或過境邊檢的護照蓋上蓋章。這種認可可以用於許多不同的目的。在英國,護照上的移民印章包括在進入移民控制的人進入該國時獲得的正式“進入”。或者,標籤激活和/或確認個人入境許可中的繼續休假。其他當局,例如申根成員國的當局,只需在護照上蓋上一張日期戳,該日期戳不表示任何期限,而且該印章被認為是指該人被視為有權留下簽證上顯示的三個月或其他期間。在日本中,護照條目標籤還包含QR碼,允許移民官員以電子方式收集與該條目相關的信息。

大多數國家都有不同的抵達和離開印章,以便官員更容易快速識別有關人員的行動。墨水的顏色或印章的樣式也可以提供這樣的信息。

在許多情況下,遊輪上的乘客不會收到護照印章,因為整個船隻已被清關到港口。雖然需要在碼頭找到移民辦公室,但通常可以獲得紀念印章。在許多情況下,官員們習慣於這樣的要求並且會合作。 另外,如下所述,一些歐洲最小的國家將根據要求在其邊境或旅遊局提供郵票,最多收取像徵性費用。

簡略(各國印章)[编辑]

亞洲[编辑]

孟加拉[编辑]

Entry and exit stamps for all travellers upon arrival or departure from Bangladesh. Handwritten scroll numbers on the stamp make it easier to track a person's complete journey - a Bangladeshi leaving Bangladesh would receive a scroll number upon exit; upon entry, the scroll number would be used to access related journey information of the traveller. The same is the case for foreigners, except that the scroll number is given on entry and then used on exit.

The stamps are always in black except the date, which is in red. The stamps contain an arrow pointing left to denote departure, or an arrow pointing right for arrival at the top left corner, and a cartoon of the mode of transport at the top right corner.

Rectangular stamps for entry and oval stamps for exit make it visually easier to trace movements.

巴林[编辑]

柬埔寨[编辑]

中華人民共和國[编辑]

中華人民共和國香港特別行政區[编辑]

香港入境事務處曾經為進入香港的旅客的護照(居民使用香港身份證沒有蓋章)。在1997年[[主權移交] [主權移交]之前和之後,從英國中華人民共和國,到達和離開的蓋印在所有入境口岸。

在接下來的15年左右,郵票的墨水顏色區分了行政區劃的入口點:

從2013年3月19日開始,抵達香港時會向訪客發放入境標籤而不是護照蓋章,且在離開香港時,不會發出任何標籤或護照蓋章(在出發時無法出示入境標籤,不會影響旅行者的能力通過移民局測試)。不過,在特殊情況下,蓋章仍然可以使用。[1]

中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區[编辑]

Immigration stamps applied by Macau's immigration service under Portuguese administration had slightly different borders depending on whether the person arrived by land, sea, or air. After the transfer of sovereignty from Portugal to China in 1999, passport stamps naming the points of entry and departure were introduced, but all in the same ink color. Beginning of 9 July 2013, the Public Security Police Force of Macau no longer stamps passport and instead, visitors will receive a printed arrival card instead.[2]

印度[编辑]

India uses the differentiation in passport stamp colours - entry in blue, exit in red - to quickly trace a passenger's movements. The stamp can be rectangular, circular or oval.

印尼[编辑]

伊朗[编辑]

Iran uses an oval shaped stamp with blue ink for entry and a square shaped stamp with red ink for exit.

伊拉克[编辑]

Iraq passport stamps differ whether the checkpoint is located in Iraqi Kurdistan, or Iraq itself.

以色列[编辑]

Traveling with passports containing Israeli entry/exit stamps to certain Arab nations may lead to a denial of entry, because of the Arab League boycott of Israel. Since January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a piece of paper instead. Passports are still (as of February 2013) stamped at Erez when traveling into and out of Gaza. Also, the passports are still stamped (as of February 2014) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

日皇國[编辑]

約旦/佐敦[编辑]

老撾[编辑]

馬來西亞[编辑]

Malaysian immigration authorities apply stamps for both entry and exit in all foreign passports and non-biometric Malaysian passports without in-built microchips. Biometric Malaysian passports are usually not stamped as all movements in and out of the country are recorded electronically in the microchip.

Malaysian entry stamps for non-citizens and non-residents are rectangular and stamped in blue or black. They bear the date of entry, point of entry and terms of entry. Entry stamps for residents are also stamped in blue ink but have an oval shape and bear the date and point of entry. Exit stamps are triangular and stamped in red. They bear the date and point of departure.

A peculiarity is the autonomy of the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak in immigration affairs. Foreigners who travel to the two states from Peninsular Malaysia are required to fill in immigration forms and get new stamps on their passports. There is also immigration control for travel between Sabah and Sarawak. Previously, Malaysian citizens from the Peninsular were required to present their passports and have them stamped as well; while they are currently still subjected to immigration control, passports are no longer required for social visits not more than three months.

Between 1998 and 2011, foreigners who entered Malaysia via train from Singapore were cleared electronically without their passports being stamped.[3] The change was due to the dispute between Malaysia and Singapore regarding Malaysian-owned railway land in Singapore. The Malaysian railway operator, Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) had its intercity rail southern terminus at Tanjong Pagar railway station in downtown Singapore, which also housed the border controls of both Malaysia and Singapore for rail passengers before 1998. In 1998, Singapore moved its immigration checkpoint northward to Woodlands Train Checkpoint near the actual Malaysia-Singapore border but Malaysia refused to move its checkpoint, resulting in the anomaly that passengers travelling towards Malaysia were granted entry to Malaysia before passing through Singapore exit controls. Instead of passport stamps, foreigners were given disembarkation cards stamped with "KTM Tg Pagar, Singapura" and the date of entry, which would be collected upon departure from Malaysia and a handwritten note indicating the entry would be endorsed in the passport along with the exit stamp. Passengers travelling to Singapore were not affected as Malaysian exit controls were carried out on board trains at the Johor Bahru railway station, where immigration officers endorsed passports by stamping or handwriting. The anomaly was resolved on 1 July 2011, when Tanjong Pagar railway station was closed and Woodlands Train Checkpoint became the railway terminus in Singapore with co-location of border control facilities of both countries. Foreigners entering Malaysia by rail have their passports checked and stamped by Malaysian immigration officers at Woodlands Train Checkpoint after clearing Singapore exit controls.

緬甸[编辑]

With the introduction of e-visas, entry stamps into Myanmar at the airports of Yangon, Mandalay and Naypyidaw, the only three entry checkpoints where e-visas are allowed, have been modified to indicate such method of entry.

尼泊爾[编辑]

Nepal is one of the few countries which use sticker stamps. Nepalese immigration authorities use separate Arrival and Departure stickers for entry and exit on all types of passports.

亞曼[编辑]

As of December 2017, one who obtains a visa on arrival does not get a round entry stamp. Instead they get a rectangular, blue stamp that states the entry date and validity of the visa. This seems to, however, be the case only when arriving at Muscat International Airport. At land borders, the rectangular stamp is accompanied by a round, blue entry stamp. A round, red exit stamp is issued at all points of exit.

Omani visa on arrival obtained at Muscat International Airport. The blue rectangular stamp represents the visa and the entry stamp. The round, red stamp is the exit stamp obtained at Wajaja land border. The blue stamp at the left corner is from the Emirati side of Wajaja.

巴基斯坦[编辑]

Pakistan has different exit and entry stamps at different airports.

菲律賓共和國[编辑]

At airports, red ink is used for arrivals/entry and green is used for departure/exit. As a general rule, passports of all travellers regardless of their nationality (including Filipino passport holders), need to be stamped at both entry and exit points. The attending officer also writes down the flight number and stamps the passenger's boarding pass upon departure with the same stamp that is used for departure. The shape and/or designs of the stamps are changed every five to six years.

沙特阿拉伯[编辑]

Saudi entry stamps are in black or blue ink. Entry stamps are in oval shape while exit stamps are rounded rectangular. All dates written on the stamps are in the Hijra calendar, and it is written in Arabic. There is no English on the stamps, except for the "EXIT" or "ENTRY" written on the stamps.

新加坡[编辑]

Singapore entry stamps are in blue or black and either rectangular for those entitled to 14 days, rounded rectangular for those entitled to 30 days stay, or hexagonal for those entitled to 90 day stay. Exit stamps are circular and in green. Both depict the date of entry/exit and entry stamps also state the terms of entry and permitted duration of stay.

Both entry and exit stamps do not name the point of entry/exit but indicate them by the use of letters of the alphabet - "A" is used for entry by air, namely through Changi Airport or Seletar Airport; "S" by sea though the Singapore Cruiseship Terminal or Tanah Merah Ferry Terminal; "T" by land via the Tuas Checkpoint; and "W" by land via the Woodlands Checkpoint. The entry stamp has the letter running along the border of the stamp together with a code number while the exit stamp has a single letter marked in the center of the stamp.

斯里蘭卡[编辑]

南韓[编辑]

Entry stamp is square shaped and stamped with magenta ink. Exit stamp is round shaped and stamped with cyan ink. Exit stamp is omitted to every passenger since 1 November 2016. Entry stamp is only omitted to Republic of Korea travel document holder since 10 February 2011.Beginning January 2018, landing slips are issued to visitors on arrival in South Korea instead of passport stamps, and on departure from South Korea no slips or passport stamps are issued (being unable to present the landing slip on departure does not affect a traveller's ability to clear immigration).

中华民国[编辑]

一套新的移民局蓋章已於2013年2月10日使用。

泰國[编辑]

Immigration stamps applied by Thailand's Immigration Bureau are stamped on all passports upon arrival at or departure from Thailand. All stamps are made in blue ink. Entry stamps are rectangular and exit stamps are triangular. Stamps bear the date and point of entry/exit, as well as a letter running along the border of the stamp accompanying a code number. Entry stamps for foreigners also state expiry date.

52 Automatic passport check machines were installed at Suvarnabhumi Airport and Don Mueang International Airport to scan certain Thai, Singaporean and Hong Kong passports.[4] Therefore, there is no need to stamp on scanned such passports.

東帝汶[编辑]

Timor-Leste uses a full page blue stamp along with a red date entry stamp on entry. Exit stamps are a black oval.

阿拉伯聯合酋長國[编辑]

阿聯酋使用藍色橢圓形的印章作為入境印章,當中裡面有一個小的長方形的位置有逗留日數的資料。出境印章為綠色橢圓形印章。

越南[编辑]

Vietnam passport stamps rectangular and name the point of entry, date of entry and whether the person is exiting or entering the country by using an arrow out of or into an box similar to the Schengen passport stamps. Mode of entry is indicated by an icon and also differentiated by the colour of the stamp - blue for air, red for land crossings. The permitted length of stay is printed with a separate stamp and the final date handwritten.

非洲[编辑]

阿爾及尼亞[编辑]

一本芬蘭護照蓋了從阿爾及爾胡阿里·布邁丁機場的亞爾及尼亞入境及出境蓋章。

埃及[编辑]

法屬馬約特和留尼旺[编辑]

When arriving in and departing from the French overseas departments of Mayotte and Réunion, French Border Police officers stamp travellers' travel documents according to the following rules:[5][6]

Persons whose travel documents are to be stamped Persons whose travel documents are not to be stamped
  • Third-country nationals (unless covered by an exemption listed in the right hand column)
  • EU, EEA and Swiss citizens
  • Family members of EU/EEA/Swiss citizens holding a residence permit issued by an EU/EEA member state or Switzerland
  • Andorran, Monégasque and San Marinese citizens
  • Heads of state and dignitaries whose arrival has been officially announced in advance through diplomatic channels
  • Pilots and members of aircraft crews
  • Seamen (only when their ship calls in and in the area of the port of call)
  • Crew and passengers of cruise ships

迦納[编辑]

奈及利亞[编辑]

摩洛哥[编辑]

南非[编辑]

斯威士兰[编辑]

突尼西亞[编辑]

Tunisia stamps passports on entry and exit. In the photo below, the red stamp indicates the entry date, while the black stamp indicates the exit date.[7]

歐洲[编辑]

申根區[编辑]

All 26 European countries within the Schengen Area have entry and exit stamps of a uniform design. As of April 2016, at a national level, 11 Schengen countries (Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia and Spain)[8][9][10][11][12][13][14] have developed computer databases recording entries and exits of third-country nationals (i.e. travellers who are not EU, EEA or Swiss citizens) at external border crossing points. However, on a Schengen-wide level, there is no centralised computer database that tracks entries and exits at all of the external border crossing points of the 26 Schengen countries, nor are entry and exit records from national databases shared between countries.[15][16] As a result, law enforcement officials continue to rely on checking passport stamps as the primary way to check that travellers who do not have the right of free movement have not exceeded their length of permitted stay in the Schengen Area.

There are no systematic immigration checks when travelling between Schengen countries (i.e. crossing the internal borders of the Schengen Area). Passport stamps are never issued when travelling between Schengen countries, even when immigration checks between Schengen countries are temporarily re-introduced.[17]

When travelling to/from a non-Schengen country (i.e. crossing the external borders of the Schengen Area), the rules on stamping travel documents are as follows:

Persons whose travel documents are to be stamped Persons whose travel documents are not to be stamped
  • Third-country nationals (unless covered by an exemption listed in the right hand column)
  • Family members not holding a residence card issued under Article 10 of Directive 2004/38/EC who are accompanying or joining EU, EEA and Swiss citizens exercising the right of freedom of movement
  • Family members (regardless of whether or not they hold a residence card issued under Article 10 of Directive 2004/38/EC) who are not travelling together with and not joining EU, EEA and Swiss citizens exercising the right of freedom of movement
  • Citizens of EU and EFTA member states exercising the right of freedom of movement
  • Third-country nationals holding residence cards issued under Article 10 of Directive 2004/38/EC, but only if they are being accompanied by a family member who is a citizen of an EU or EFTA state exercising their right of freedom of movement and presenting the residence card[18]
  • Andorran, Monégasque and San Marinese citizens
  • Heads of state and dignitaries whose arrival has been officially announced in advance through diplomatic channels
  • Pilots and members of aircraft crews[19]
  • Seamen (only when their ship calls in and in the area of the port of call)
  • Crew and passengers of cruise ships
Logbook recording which border guards are assigned passport stamps at an external border crossing point in Spain

Border officials are required, by law, to stamp the travel documents of third country nationals who do not qualify for one of the exemptions listed in the right hand column, even when border controls have been relaxed.[20] Exceptionally, if stamping a person's travel document would cause serious difficulties (such as political persecution), border officials can instead issue a sheet of paper detailing the person's name, travel document number and entry date and location.[19] However, in practice, border officials do not always stamp the travel documents of travellers as legally required.[21][22] If a person who should have received an entry stamp cannot show one either upon request by a law enforcement officer or upon leaving the Schengen Area to a border official, the officer can presume that the person has been staying illegally in the Schengen Area and can expel him/her, unless the person can demonstrate using credible evidence (such as transport tickets and accommodation receipts) that he/she has not exceeded his/her permitted length of stay in the Schengen Area.[23]

Also, whilst by law persons enjoying the right of freedom of movement are not to receive a passport stamp, in practice, upon request, a stamp may be given – see the gallery below for an example of an entry stamp being issued upon request by an EU citizen. Similarly, although by law heads of state are not to receive a passport stamp, in practice, this is not always followed; when arriving for the 37th G8 summit in Deauville, United States President Barack Obama had his passport stamped at Deauville – Saint-Gatien Airport.[24]

Although, according to EU rules, third country nationals who hold residence permits should not have their travel documents stamped, France nevertheless requires third country nationals holding a visa de long séjour valant titre de séjour (a long-stay visa serving additionally as a residence permit for up to one year) to receive a passport stamp upon their first entry to the Schengen Area as a part of the process to validate the visa as a residence permit; without an entry stamp, the process cannot be completed.[25]

Third-country nationals who otherwise fulfil all the criteria for admission into the Schengen area must not be denied entry for the sole reason that there is no remaining empty space in their travel document to affix a stamp; instead, the stamp should be affixed on a separate sheet of paper.[26]

Entry and exit stamps are applied in black ink, except for the red date stamp and a two-digit security code in the middle. The two-digit security code must be changed at least once a month,[27] although some Schengen countries (such as Greece) change security codes every day.[17] The stamps bear the country abbreviation within a circle of stars in the top left hand corner, the name of the entry/exit border crossing point at the bottom, and an icon in the top right hand corner to denote the mode of entry/exit. Below the name of the border crossing point is an identifying number – a record is kept of the identity of the border officer to whom a given stamp is assigned at any given time.[27] Entry stamps are rectangular and have an arrow into a square, while exit stamps are rectangular with rounded corners and have an arrow out of a square. The stamps do not indicate any duration of stay.

Border guards are required to ensure the secure storage of passport stamps in locked safes between shifts. Border posts are advised to set out clear responsibilities and instructions for the distribution and use of passport stamps.[28]

According to European Commission recommendations and guidelines, stamps should be affixed in travel documents by border officials in the following manner:[22]

  • in chronological order
  • in a horizontal position
  • in a clear and straight manner (i.e. with enough ink and not over the edge of a page)
  • the exit stamp should be affixed in the proximity of the entry stamp
  • no stamp should be affixed over another stamp or over the machine readable zone of a visa
  • if the travel document contains a single-entry Schengen visa, the stamp should be affixed over the edge of the visa, but without affecting the legibility of the conditions and security features of the visa
  • if the travel document contains a multiple-entry Schengen visa, the stamp should be affixed on the page facing the one on which the visa is affixed

The obligation imposed by European law on national border authorities to stamp travel documents of certain travellers should not prevent the development of automated border control systems which are then made available to those who are required to have their travel documents stamped when crossing the external border of the Schengen Area. One solution is to dedicate separate lanes to third-country nationals and to have a border guard physically positioned next to the automated border gates used by these lanes who can stamp travel documents where required: this has been adopted by the Finnish Border Guard at the automated border gates in Helsinki Airport, where eligible users (who are required to receive a passport stamp) include holders of Canadian, Japanese, South Korean and United States biometric passports,[29][30][31] and in the Port of Helsinki, where eligible users (who are required to receive a passport stamp) include Russian citizens,[30] as well as by the Portuguese Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras at the automated border gates in Lisbon Airport where eligible users (who are required to receive a passport stamp) include holders of Angolan and Brazilian passports and holders of diplomatic/service passports). A similar but slightly different solution has been adopted by the Dutch Royal Marechaussee at the Privium iris recognition automated border gates at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport, where eligible users include registered EU/EEA/Swiss citizens, US citizens who are Global Entry members, and all nationals who are holders of diplomatic passports, as well as by the German Federal Police at the ABG Plus iris recognition automated border gates at Frankfurt Airport where eligible users include registered EU/EEA/Swiss citizens and US citizens who are Global Entry members: when eligible third-country nationals use Privium/ABG Plus, after their iris is scanned and verified, a different gate/door/turnstile opens to that for EU/EEA/Swiss citizens and the third-country national user is directed to a lane which leads them to the front of the queue for manual passport checks at immigration desks, where the border guard stamps the user's passport. Another possible solution would be to design the automated border gates to print a paper slip with an entry or exit stamp on it, as well as the user's name and travel document number, whenever the user is a traveller who is subject to the requirement to have his/her travel document stamped.[32]

Passport stamps by Schengen member state
奥地利 Austria
比利时 Belgium
捷克 Czech Republic
丹麦 Denmark
爱沙尼亚 Estonia
芬兰 Finland
法国 France
德国 Germany
希腊 Greece
匈牙利 Hungary
冰岛 Iceland
義大利 Italy
拉脫維亞 Latvia
立陶宛 Lithuania
卢森堡 Luxembourg
马耳他 Malta
荷兰 Netherlands
挪威 Norway
波兰 Poland
葡萄牙 Portugal
斯洛伐克 Slovakia
斯洛文尼亚 Slovenia
西班牙 Spain
瑞典 Sweden
瑞士 Switzerland

阿爾巴尼亞[编辑]

Although Albania is not a European Union or Schengen Area member state, and is outside the EU freedom of movement area, it has adopted the common Schengen design for passport stamps. In addition, passports of EU/EFTA countries, Andorra, Monaco and San Marino are not stamped.[33]

安道爾[编辑]

Entry from France or Spain requires no formalities. However a souvenir stamp is issued on request at the border.

白俄羅斯[编辑]

Belarus is a member of the Union State of Russia and Belarus but, like Russia, still has its own passport stamps. The passport stamp has the state's name in the Belorusian language: Republic of Belarus, date and name of the checkpoint.

保加利亞[编辑]

Although Bulgaria is a European Union member state, it has not yet joined the Schengen Area. Nonetheless, it has adopted the common Schengen design for passport stamps.

克羅埃西亞[编辑]

After joining the European Union on 1 July 2013, Croatia adopted the common Schengen design for passport stamps, even though Croatia is still not a member of the Schengen passport-free area.

賽普勒斯[编辑]

Although Cyprus is a European Union member state, it has not yet joined the Schengen Area. Nonetheless, it has adopted the common Schengen design for passport stamps.

捷克[编辑]

德國[编辑]

Refused entries (Zurückweisung) are stamped in the passports, too.

愛爾蘭[编辑]

科索沃[编辑]

列支敦斯登[编辑]

Liechtenstein is a member of the Schengen area with no borders with non-Schengen countries; thus, no passport stamps are issued. However, for a nominal fee, a souvenir stamp can be issued at the Liechtenstein Center tourist office.[34]

馬其頓[编辑]

Although Macedonia is not a European Union or Schengen Area member state, and is outside the EU freedom of movement area, it has adopted the common Schengen design for passport stamps. In addition, passports of EU/EFTA countries are not stamped.[35]

摩納哥[编辑]

The border with France is completely open. However, a souvenir stamp is given on request at the tourist office.

黑山[编辑]

波兰[编辑]

羅馬尼亞[编辑]

Romania is not currently a member of the Schengen Area, however, being in the European Union since 2007, Romanian entry and exit stamps have been harmonised with the format of the stamps issued by Schengen states.

俄羅斯[编辑]

Entry and exit stamps are placed in passports regardless of citizenship; Russian passports are stamped as well as foreign ones, except the Internal Passports, with which Russian citizens may travel to a few countries of the CIS. The stamp shows the name of the country (КПП below the country name stands for checkpoint - контрольно-пропускной пункт), the date, the name of the checkpoint and the personal code of the immigration official applying the stamp. Stamp colours and series (the last number following the date) change every time in few years, currently the colour of the stamps is red of 9 series, but it can be blue or crimson as well. Entry or exit is designated by a direction of an angle bracket in the stamp: if it points to the right, that denotes exit. Ukrainian passport stamps are identical to the Russian stamps and have the same information. They can be stamped in green, red, orange, blue, pink and sometimes black ink.

圣马力诺[编辑]

Even though there is an open border agreement with Italy, visitors can have their passport stamped by the San Marino authority at the passport office in the city centre for a small fee.

塞爾維亞[编辑]

Serbia stamps both Serbian and foreign passports on exit, and foreign passports also on entry (however, until March 2018, foreign passports were not stamped on exit).

瑞士[编辑]

Although Switzerland is not a European Union member state, it is part of the Schengen Area and so it has adopted the common Schengen design for passport stamps.

土耳其[编辑]

烏克蘭[编辑]

Ukrainian passport stamps resemble Russian stamps. They bear the country's name, mode of travel (ship, train, vehicle, plane), code of the immigration officer, chevron (facing to the right for entry, to the left for exit), date, serial code (probably periodic), name of the checkpoint and its code. All are written in the Ukrainian language.

英國[编辑]

The UK Border Force only stamps the travel documents of travellers entering the UK from outside the Common Travel Area who do not have the right of abode in the UK or are not exercising the right to freedom of movement.

Travellers arriving in the UK from the Channel Islands, Ireland and the Isle of Man are not subject to immigration checks as they are travelling within the Common Travel Area. However, travel from the European mainland (e.g. France) is still subject to immigration checks, as the UK is not part of the Schengen Area, even though it is a European Union member state.

There are no routine exit checks when departing from the UK for a destination outside the Common Travel Area by air, rail or sea. Instead, airline/rail/ferry companies obtain passengers' travel document information at check-in or on departure and transmit the information electronically to the UK Border Force. However, from time to time spot checks are carried out by the UK Border Force (in this case, travel documents are not stamped).[36]

The following table shows which travellers arriving in the UK from outside the Common Travel Area receive a passport stamp:

Category of persons Travel document to be stamped on arrival in the UK
British and Commonwealth citizens with the right of abode
EU, EEA and Swiss citizens exercising the right of freedom of movement
Family members of EU, EEA and Swiss citizens with an EEA Family Permit (first arrival in the UK)[37]
Family members of EU, EEA and Swiss citizens with an EEA Family Permit (subsequent arrivals in the UK) Optional
Family members of EU, EEA and Swiss citizens with a residence card
All other persons not covered in a category above

UK passport stamps are in black ink and bear the name of the entry point, as well as the immigration officer's identification number. If the traveller is a non-visa national who does not hold entry clearance, the passport stamp includes the conditions of the leave to enter granted.

If the traveller is the holder of visa/entry clearance or an EEA Family Permit or a person exempt from immigration control (e.g. a diplomat), he/she receives an open date passport stamp (i.e. a stamp that does not contain any leave conditions).[38] Moreover, this entry passport stamp is stamped on the right edge of the visa/entry clearance during the traveller's first entry to indicate that the document has been used even if the document is valid for multiple entries.

In the case of general aviation flights arriving in the UK from outside the Common Travel Area, travellers may not be inspected by the UK Border Force on arrival (depending on the risk assessment conducted on the basis of the travellers' information submitted in advance via the General Aviation Report (GAR) form) and may be 'remotely cleared' instead. In this case, no passport stamp is received.[39]

北美洲[编辑]

加拿大[编辑]

古巴[编辑]

法國屬地(美洲)[编辑]

When arriving in and departing from the French overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique and the French overseas collectivities of Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin and Saint Pierre and Miquelon, French Border Police officers stamp travellers' travel documents according to the following rules:[6][40]

Persons whose travel documents are to be stamped Persons whose travel documents are not to be stamped
  • Third-country nationals (unless covered by an exemption listed in the right hand column)
  • EU, EEA and Swiss citizens
  • Family members of EU/EEA/Swiss citizens holding a residence card issued under Article 10 of Directive 2004/38/EC issued by an EU/EEA member state or Switzerland (when entering/leaving Guadeloupe/Martinique/Saint Pierre and Miquelon)
  • Family members of EU/EEA/Swiss citizens holding a residence card issued by an EU/EEA member state or Switzerland (when entering/leaving Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin)
  • Andorran, Monégasque and San Marinese citizens
  • Heads of state and dignitaries whose arrival has been officially announced in advance through diplomatic channels
  • Pilots and members of aircraft crews
  • Seamen (only when their ship calls in and in the area of the port of call)
  • Crew and passengers of cruise ships

Whilst the rules for stamping travel documents of travellers arriving in and departing from the French overseas departments/collectivities mentioned above are based upon the rules which apply in metropolitan France and the Schengen Area (see the section above), important differences exist between the two sets of rules. For example, when crossing the external border of the Schengen Area, only family members of EU/EEA/Swiss citizens who hold a residence card issued under Article 10 of Directive 2004/38/EC and who are accompanying or joining their EU, EEA and Swiss citizen family member exercising the right of freedom of movement are exempt from having their travel documents stamped, whereas in the French overseas departments/collectivities mentioned above, more generous rules apply — when entering/leaving Guadeloupe/Martinique/Saint Pierre and Miquelon, a family member of an EU/EEA/Swiss citizen who holds a residence card issued by an EU/EEA member state or Switzerland under Article 10 of Directive 2004/38/EC is exempt from having his/her travel document stamped regardless of whether he/she is accompanying/joining his/her EU/EEA/Swiss citizen family member; when entering/leaving Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin, a family member of an EU/EEA/Swiss citizen who holds a residence card issued by an EU/EEA member state or Switzerland is exempt from having his/her travel document stamped regardless of whether he/she is accompanying/joining his/her EU/EEA/Swiss citizen family member and regardless of whether the residence card was issued under Article 10 of Directive 2004/38/EC. Another example relates to third-country nationals who hold a residence permit issued by a Schengen member state — when crossing the external border of the Schengen Area, his/her travel document should not be stamped, but when entering/leaving a French overseas department/collectivity, whilst he/she is not required to hold a visa for a short stay not exceeding 90 days in a 180-day period,[41] his/her travel document will be stamped upon entry and exit.

Another exception applies in the case of the French overseas collectivity of Saint Martin —- travellers who in principle are subject to the obligation to have their travel documents stamped but who have cleared immigration control in Sint Maarten will not have their passport stamped when they enter/leave the French side of Saint Martin.[40]

The design of passport stamps issued in the French overseas departments/collectivities differs from those issued in metropolitan France/the Schengen Area. Entry stamps issued in French overseas departments/collectivities are rectangular, whilst exit stamps are hexagonal.

海地[编辑]

墨西哥[编辑]

美國[编辑]

The actual deadline to leave the U.S. for those admitted on a non-immigrant status is written at the bottom of the stamp, placed in the passport (when entering by air or sea) or on a green I-94W form stapled into the passport,

With the introduction of Automated Passport Control (APC), entries are not always stamped into passports of travelers using the kiosks (especially US and Canadian passports). There are custom slips printed out from the machine, which are stamped by immigration and then handed over to customs.

大洋洲[编辑]

澳洲[编辑]

The Australian government no longer stamps travellers’ passports on arrival or departure from Australia. If travellers need exit stamps in their passports, they must ask the Customs and Border Protection officer when they depart Australia.[42] Travellers using SmartGate (available to bearers aged 16 years or older who hold an ePassport issued by Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Macau, PR China, Singapore, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom or the United States of America.) will not have their passports stamped on arrival in Australia.

(Airline crew who meet the eligibility requirements can choose to use arrivals SmartGate rather than being manually processed through the crew lane but Australian and New Zealand ePassport holders travelling on military orders are not eligible to use arrivals SmartGate.)

斐濟[编辑]

法屬玻里尼西亞, 新喀里多尼亞, 瓦利斯和富圖納[编辑]

When arriving in and departing from the French overseas territories of French Polynesia, New Caledonia and Wallis and Futuna, French Border Police officers stamp travellers' travel documents according to the following rules:[43][44][45][46]

Persons whose travel documents are to be stamped Persons whose travel documents are not to be stamped
  • Third-country nationals (unless covered by an exemption listed in the right hand column)
  • EU, EEA and Swiss citizens
  • Family members of EU/EEA/Swiss citizens holding a residence permit issued by an EU/EEA member state or Switzerland
  • Andorran, Monégasque and San Marinese citizens
  • Heads of state and dignitaries whose arrival has been officially announced in advance through diplomatic channels
  • Pilots and members of aircraft crews
  • Seamen (only when their ship calls in and in the area of the port of call)
  • Crew and passengers of cruise ships

When travelling between the French overseas territories situated in the Pacific Ocean (for example, when travelling directly by plane from New Caledonia to French Polynesia), unless qualifying for one of the exemptions in the right hand column in the table above, a traveller will receive a passport stamp in his/her travel document upon departure from New Caledonia and another stamp upon arrival in French Polynesia.

Whilst the rules for stamping travel documents of travellers arriving in and departing from the French overseas territories in the Pacific Ocean are based upon the rules which apply in metropolitan France and the Schengen Area (see the section above), important differences exist between the two sets of rules. For example, when crossing the external border of the Schengen Area, only family members of EU/EEA/Swiss citizens who hold a residence card issued under Article 10 of Directive 2004/38/EC and who are accompanying or joining their EU, EEA and Swiss citizen family member exercising the right of freedom of movement are exempt from having their travel documents stamped, whereas in the French overseas territories in the Pacific, more generous rules apply — a family member of an EU/EEA/Swiss citizen who holds a residence permit issued by an EU/EEA member state or Switzerland is exempt from having his/her travel document stamped regardless of whether he/she is accompanying/joining his/her EU/EEA/Swiss citizen family member and regardless of whether his/her residence permit was issued under Article 10 of Directive 2004/38/EC. Another example relates to third-country nationals who hold a residence permit issued by a Schengen member state - when crossing the external border of the Schengen Area, his/her travel document should not be stamped, but when entering/leaving a French overseas territory in the Pacific, whilst he/she is not required to hold a visa for a short stay not exceeding 90 days in a 180-day period,[41] his/her travel document will be stamped upon entry and exit.

The design of passport stamps issued in the French overseas territories in the Pacific differs from those issued in metropolitan France/the Schengen Area. Entry stamps issued in French overseas territories in the Pacific are rectangular, whilst exit stamps are hexagonal.

紐西蘭[编辑]

Since March 2018, the New Zealand Customs Service (Customs) ceased stamping passports for Australian permanent residents and New Zealand residents. General entry stamps continue to be used for temporary visa holders.

On arrival in New Zealand, travelers who are neither New Zealand nor Australian citizens or permanent residents who are granted entry into the country will receive a 'Visitor Visa' rectangular stamp in their travel document.

New Zealand and Australian citizens do not have their passports stamped on arrival in New Zealand unless specifically requested.

Travelers using SmartGate (available to holders of a New Zealand, Australian, United Kingdom or United States ePassport aged 16 years or over) will not have their passports stamped on arrival in New Zealand.

For all travelers, passports are not stamped on departure from New Zealand (regardless of nationality, and whether using an immigration desk or SmartGate.

南美洲[编辑]

阿根廷[编辑]

巴西[编辑]

When a holder of a Brazilian Passport enters or exits Brazil they will not receive a passport stamp. However, other nationals will go through customs and receive a stamp for both entry and exit. When entering Brazil by car from another country such as Argentina or Paraguay, few people go through customs and thus rarely receive stamps in their passport.

智利[编辑]

哥倫比亞[编辑]

秘魯[编辑]

委內瑞拉[编辑]

無離港蓋章的國家[编辑]

In some countries, there is no formal control by immigration officials of travel documents upon exit. Consequently, exit stamps are not placed in passports. Exit may be recorded by immigration authorities via information provided to them by carriers when the passenger departs from the country.

無離港管制[编辑]

  • 美國 USA
  • 加拿大 Canada
  • 墨西哥 Mexico (by air)
  • 巴哈马 Bahamas
  • 愛爾蘭共和國 Ireland
  • 英国 United Kingdom (Border Force officers do not carry out systematic checks of travel documents on passengers travelling to a destination outside the Common Travel Area by air, rail or sea (though from time to time spot checks are carried out - in this case passports are not stamped); instead, airline/rail/ferry companies obtain passengers' travel document information at check-in or on departure and transmit the information electronically to the UK Border Force)[36]

有管制,但沒有蓋章[编辑]

  • 澳大利亚 Australia (Issued upon request & when not using SmartGate)[47]
  • 香港 Hong Kong
  • 新西兰 New Zealand
  • 澳門 Macau
  • 大韩民国 South Korea (since 1 November 2016)
  • 巴拿马 Panama (only at Panamanian airports; different entry and exit stamps are made at the checkpoint with Costa Rica)
  • 哥斯达黎加 Costa Rica[來源請求]
  • 萨尔瓦多 El Salvador
  • 新加坡 Singapore (by smartgate)

However, in some of these countries, a departure card is collected.

参见[编辑]

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ Immigration Department. Non-stamping Immigration Clearance Arrangement for Visitors (with effect from 19 March 2013). [15 April 2013]. 
  2. ^ Tens of thousands of hours can be saved by non-stamping immigration clearance
  3. ^ Tanjong Pagar: Talks 'break down', New Straits Times, 31 July 1998: 1, 7 
  4. ^ Sukyingcharoenwong, Mayuree. Singapore, HK visitors to enjoy fast immigration. The Nation (Bangkok). 1 August 2017. 
  5. ^ Arrêté du 4 février 2015 relatif aux documents et visas exigés pour l'entrée des étrangers sur le territoire de Mayotte
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Arrêté du 26 juillet 2011 relatif aux documents et visas exigés pour l'entrée des étrangers sur le territoire de la Guadeloupe, la Guyane, la Martinique, La Réunion et de la collectivité de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon (Annexe I)
  7. ^ EXIT STAMP - Entry into force on 1st of October 2014. 2014-09-23 [2017-08-09]. 
  8. ^ Commission Staff Working Document: Impact Assessment Report on the establishment of an EU Entry Exit System, pg. 11 (PDF). 2016-04-06 [2017-04-19]. 
  9. ^ Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing an Entry/Exit System (EES) to register entry and exit data of third country nationals crossing the external borders of the Member States of the European Union, pg. 2
  10. ^ Communication from the European Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council, pg. 6
  11. ^ Current state of play in relation to innovated border management in the EU
  12. ^ Council of the European Union: Questionnaire on the possible creation of a system of electronic recording of entries and exits of third country nationals in the Schengen area
  13. ^ Council of the European Union: Questionnaire on the possible creation of a system of electronic recording of entries and exits of third country nationals in the Schengen area (Replies from Bulgaria, France, Iceland, Italy, Norway and Portugal)
  14. ^ Council of the European Union: Questionnaire on the possible creation of a system of electronic recording of entries and exits of third country nationals in the Schengen area (Reply from Greece)
  15. ^ Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - Preparing the next steps in border management in the European Union, p.5.
  16. ^ [1] Note that the European Commission is planning to introduce a Schengen-wide Entry/Exit System (EES) in 2015 that automatically registers the entries and exits of third country nationals.
  17. ^ 17.0 17.1 Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the operation of the provisions on stamping of the travel documents of third-country nationals in accordance with Articles 10 and 11 of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006, p. 9
  18. ^ Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the operation of the provisions on stamping of the travel documents of third-country nationals in accordance with Articles 10 and 11 of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 (COM (2009) 489, p. 7)
  19. ^ 19.0 19.1 Regulation (EC) No 562/2006, Article 10(3)
  20. ^ Regulation (EC) No 562/2006, Article 8(3)
  21. ^ US Department of State: Schengen Fact Sheet
  22. ^ 22.0 22.1 Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the operation of the provisions on stamping of the travel documents of third-country nationals in accordance with Articles 10 and 11 of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006, p. 5
  23. ^ Regulation (EC) No 562/2006, Article 11)
  24. ^ Le directeur régional des douanes suspendu 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期June 6, 2011,.
  25. ^ http://vosdroits.service-public.fr/particuliers/F39.xhtml
  26. ^ Article 4.5 of the Practical Handbook for Border Guards (C (2006) 5186)
  27. ^ 27.0 27.1 Regulation (EC) No 562/2006, Annex IV
  28. ^ Schengen Catalogue: External borders control recommendations and best practices
  29. ^ Archived copy (PDF). [2012-07-20]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2012-10-18). 
  30. ^ 30.0 30.1 http://www.raja.fi/facts/news_from_the_border_guard/1/0/expanded_use_of_automated_border_control_gates_at_the_west_terminal_54569
  31. ^ http://frontex.europa.eu/assets/Images_News/ABC_Conference_Report.pdf
  32. ^ Art 10(3) of Regulation (EC) No 562/2005 recognises that an entry or exit stamp may be recorded on a sheet of paper indicating the traveller's name and travel document number (rather than inside the traveller's travel document) where stamping the travel document would cause 'serious difficulties' for the traveller. It could be argued that at a particular border crossing point the state of facilities are such that to deny travellers subject to the stamping obligation access to automated border gates and to require them to be processed manually by border guards would constitute 'serious difficulties' for such persons.
  33. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为parlament.al的参考文献提供内容
  34. ^ Liechtenstein Center
  35. ^ [2]
  36. ^ 36.0 36.1 Exit checks fact sheet. Border Force and Home Office. 29 March 2015. 
  37. ^ UK Border Force Operations Manual: EEA Nationals & their family members
  38. ^ UK Border Force Operations Manual: Persons exempt from control
  39. ^ An inspection of General Aviation and General Maritime (February – July 2015) (PDF). Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration: 15–27. January 2016. 
  40. ^ 40.0 40.1 Arrêté du 18 avril 2012 relatif aux documents et visas exigés pour l'entrée des étrangers sur le territoire des collectivités de Saint-Barthélemy et de Saint-Martin (Annexe I)
  41. ^ 41.0 41.1 http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/coming-to-france/getting-a-visa/article/foreign-nationals-holding-ordinary
  42. ^ Departing from Australia. Australian Government Department of Home Affairs. [29 July 2018]. We no longer stamp Australian passports as a matter of course but should you require evidence of travel you may ask one of our officers to do so. 
  43. ^ Arrêté du 29 décembre 2011 relatif aux documents et visas exigés pour l'entrée des étrangers sur le territoire de la Polynésie française (Annexe I)
  44. ^ http://www.polynesie-francaise.pref.gouv.fr/Les-services-de-l-Etat/Securite/La-Police-aux-frontieres
  45. ^ Arrêté du 22 juillet 2011 relatif aux documents et visas exigés pour l'entrée des étrangers sur le territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (Annexe I)
  46. ^ Arrêté du 26 juillet 2011 relatif aux documents et visas exigés pour l'entrée des étrangers sur le territoire des îles Wallis et Futuna (Annexe I)
  47. ^ departing or arriving. Australian Customs and Border Protection Service. Australian Government. [19 April 2015]. 

備份[编辑]

外部連結[编辑]