# F-分布

参数 概率密度函數 累積分布函數 ${\displaystyle d_{1}>0,\ d_{2}>0}$自由度 ${\displaystyle x\in [0;+\infty )\!}$ ${\displaystyle {\frac {\sqrt {\frac {(d_{1}\,x)^{d_{1}}\,\,d_{2}^{d_{2}}}{(d_{1}\,x+d_{2})^{d_{1}+d_{2}}}}}{x\,\mathrm {B} \!\left({\frac {d_{1}}{2}},{\frac {d_{2}}{2}}\right)}}\!}$ ${\displaystyle I_{\frac {d_{1}x}{d_{1}x+d_{2}}}(d_{1}/2,d_{2}/2)\!}$ ${\displaystyle {\frac {d_{2}}{d_{2}-2}}\!}$ for ${\displaystyle d_{2}>2}$ ${\displaystyle {\frac {d_{1}-2}{d_{1}}}\;{\frac {d_{2}}{d_{2}+2}}\!}$ for ${\displaystyle d_{1}>2}$ ${\displaystyle {\frac {2\,d_{2}^{2}\,(d_{1}+d_{2}-2)}{d_{1}(d_{2}-2)^{2}(d_{2}-4)}}\!}$ for ${\displaystyle d_{2}>4}$ ${\displaystyle {\frac {(2d_{1}+d_{2}-2){\sqrt {8(d_{2}-4)}}}{(d_{2}-6){\sqrt {d_{1}(d_{1}+d_{2}-2)}}}}\!}$for ${\displaystyle d_{2}>6}$ 见下文

## 定义

{\displaystyle {\begin{aligned}f(x;d_{1},d_{2})&={\frac {\sqrt {\frac {(d_{1}\,x)^{d_{1}}\,\,d_{2}^{d_{2}}}{(d_{1}\,x+d_{2})^{d_{1}+d_{2}}}}}{x\,\mathrm {B} \!\left({\frac {d_{1}}{2}},{\frac {d_{2}}{2}}\right)}}\\&={\frac {1}{\mathrm {B} \!\left({\frac {d_{1}}{2}},{\frac {d_{2}}{2}}\right)}}\left({\frac {d_{1}}{d_{2}}}\right)^{\frac {d_{1}}{2}}x^{{\frac {d_{1}}{2}}-1}\left(1+{\frac {d_{1}}{d_{2}}}\,x\right)^{-{\frac {d_{1}+d_{2}}{2}}}\end{aligned}}}

${\displaystyle F(x;d_{1},d_{2})=I_{\frac {d_{1}x}{d_{1}x+d_{2}}}\left({\tfrac {d_{1}}{2}},{\tfrac {d_{2}}{2}}\right),}$

${\displaystyle \gamma _{2}=12{\frac {d_{1}(5d_{2}-22)(d_{1}+d_{2}-2)+(d_{2}-4)(d_{2}-2)^{2}}{d_{1}(d_{2}-6)(d_{2}-8)(d_{1}+d_{2}-2)}}}$.

## 特征

${\displaystyle {\frac {U_{1}/d_{1}}{U_{2}/d_{2}}}={\frac {U_{1}/U_{2}}{d_{1}/d_{2}}}}$

• U1U2卡方分佈，它们的自由度（degree of freedom）分别是d1d2
• U1U2是相互独立的。

## 参考文献

1. ^ Johnson, Norman Lloyd; Samuel Kotz; N. Balakrishnan. Continuous Univariate Distributions, Volume 2 (Second Edition, Section 27). Wiley. 1995. ISBN 0-471-58494-0.
2. ^ Abramowitz, Milton; Stegun, Irene Ann (编). Chapter 26. Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Tables. Applied Mathematics Series 55 Ninth reprint with additional corrections of tenth original printing with corrections (December 1972); first. Washington D.C.; New York: United States Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards; Dover Publications. 1983: 946. ISBN 978-0-486-61272-0. LCCN 64-60036. MR 0167642. LCCN 65-12253. 已忽略未知参数|orig-date= (帮助)
3. ^ NIST (2006). Engineering Statistics Handbook – F Distribution页面存档备份，存于互联网档案馆
4. ^ Mood, Alexander; Franklin A. Graybill; Duane C. Boes. Introduction to the Theory of Statistics (Third Edition, pp. 246–249). McGraw-Hill. 1974. ISBN 0-07-042864-6.