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Template:键盘按钮

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键盘按钮组合

要组合显示按键,可以这样输入:

{{key press|Alt|P}}生成Alt+P
{{key press|Ctrl|Alt|Del}} 生成 Ctrl+Alt+Del

This template currently handles up to 5 key name parameters, which should be more than enough to accommodate for any possible combination of simultaneous keystrokes. If it gets too many key name parameters it reports the page into Category:Wikipedia keypress template parameter needs fixing. This means we can easily find those pages and fix them, or we can discover if we need to make this template take more parameters.

When you feed several key names to this template, it adds a "+" with no spaces around. This means it won't line wrap. But when you show key combinations for instance in a table then that might cause too wide items. Then instead manually build the key combination with spaces around the "+" so it can line wrap. Like this:

{{key press|Ctrl}} + {{key press|Alt}} + {{key press|Del}} produces Ctrl + Alt + Del

On the other hand, to illustrate Windows Alt codes you might want to use separate templates with no intervening punctuation or space. In most Windows systems in North America and Western Europe, for example, the plus-minus sign (±) can be entered by holding down the Alt key while typing 0177 (with the numeric keypad). This could be illustrated like this:

{{key press|Alt|0}}{{key press|1}}{{key press|7}}{{key press|7}} produces Alt+0177

Wikilinks

If there is an article about the key you can wikilink the key's name like any other wiki text. Like this:

  • {{key press|[[Alt key|Alt]]}} produces Alt

If you are wikilinking the keys, please ensure that you are piping to the correct page (e.g. [[Control key|Ctrl]] instead of [[Ctrl]], which leads to a disambiguation page).

Wiki markup characters

Some wiki markup character, like the pipe symbol, the semicolon and the equals sign, need to be entered using the {{!}}, {{;}} and {{=}} templates:

  • {{key press|{{!}}}} produces |
  • {{key press|{{;}}}} produces ;
  • {{key press|{{=}}}} produces =

However, if the characters are marked as wikilinks, they can be entered as such:

  • {{key press|[[|]]}} produces |
  • {{key press|[[;]]}} produces ;
  • {{key press|[[=]]}} produces =

If you don't want to mark the characters as links, {{key press|<nowiki>|</nowiki>}} is also an option.

Key symbols

Some key names have a fitting Unicode character. This template automatically adds such "icons" to the following key names:

  • {{key press|Shift}} produces ⇧ Shift
  • {{key press|Caps Lock}} produces ⇪ Caps Lock
  • {{key press|Enter}} produces ↵ Enter
  • {{key press|Tab}} produces Tab ↹
  • {{key press|Backspace}} produces ← Backspace
  • {{key press|Cmd}} produces ⌘ Cmd
  • {{key press|Opt}} produces ⌥ Opt
  • {{key press|Up}} produces
  • {{key press|Down}} produces
  • {{key press|Left}} produces
  • {{key press|Right}} produces
Windows key and Menu key
Old-style Windows key

There are no characters for the Windows key and Menu key. Besides, the Windows logo is trademarked. So this template shows approximate characters for them in the following way:

  • {{key press|Win}} produces ⊞ Win
  • {{key press|Menu}} produces ≣ Menu

Video games

Video game controllers often have specialized input labels that do not map easily. The following are mappings for various game consoles and input features.

Directional input

The following should only be used when the input sequence uses something other than the primary input or mixes input between directional devices.

  • {{key press|l-down}} produces L↓
  • {{key press|c-left}} produces C←
  • {{key press|r-up}} produces R↑

Stick specific diagonals are also supported:

  • {{key press|l-nw}} produces L↖
  • {{key press|c-se}} produces C↘
  • {{key press|r-ne}} produces R↗
PlayStation
  • {{key press|ex}} produces ×
  • {{key press|circle}} produces
  • {{key press|triangle}} produces
  • {{key press|square}} produces

Technical details

This template calls {{key press/core}}, which holds the code that otherwise would be repeated several times in {{key press}}, thus simplifying the code.

TemplateData

Illustrates keys and keystrokes on a computer keyboard. Keys can include: Ctrl, Alt, Del, Opt, Menu, Left etc. console keys: ex, circle, triangle, square, and left right and center analog sticks: l-down, c-left, r-ne. The names are case insensitive.

模板参数

参数说明类型状态
First key1

First key

必填
Second key2

Optional key press in combination as the first.

可选
Third key3

Optional key press in combination as the first.

可选
Fourth key4

Optional key press in combination as the first.

可选
Fifth key5

Optional key press in combination as the first.

可选
Sixth key6

Optional key press in combination as the first.

可选
Seventh key7

Optional key press in combination as the first.

可选
Eighth key8

Optional key press in combination as the first.

可选
Ninth key9

Optional key press in combination as the first.

可选
Tenth key10

Optional key press in combination as the first.

可选
Chaining characterchain

Character between chained key presses

默认值
+
可选
Chaining characterchain first

Character between first and second key to press

默认值
+
可选
Chaining characterchain second

Character between second and third key to press

默认值
+
可选
Chaining characterchain third

Character between third and fourth key to press

默认值
+
可选
Chaining characterchain fourth

Character between fourth and fifth key to press

默认值
+
可选

參見

  • {{Key top}} – produces a similar visual effect, but includes more symbols and does not directly support key combinations (e.g. ⇬ Caps Lock)
  • {{Button}} – produces a similar visual effect but without the semantic markup (e.g. sample text); more for representing interface elements.
  • {{Playstation key press}} – to simulate gamepad buttons (e.g. {{Playstation key press|s}})
  • {{Kbd}} – to indicate user input (of any kind) without making it look like keys or buttons

Template:Semantic markup templates