被永久保护的模板

Template:Cite encyclopedia

维基百科,自由的百科全书
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引文格式1模板
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv預印本
{{Cite AV media}}影音媒體
{{Cite AV media notes}}影音媒體內頁說明
{{Cite bioRxiv}}bioRxiv預印本
{{Cite book}}書籍
{{Cite citeseerx}}CiteSeerX論文
{{Cite conference}}會議論文
{{Cite encyclopedia}}引用百科全書的資料
{{Cite episode}}廣播和電視節目
{{Cite interview}}訪談
{{Cite journal}}學術期刊
{{Cite magazine}}雜誌和期刊
{{Cite mailing list}}公共郵件列表
{{Cite map}}地圖
{{Cite news}}新聞報導
{{Cite newsgroup}}線上新聞群組
{{Cite podcast}}播客
{{Cite press release}}新聞稿
{{Cite report}}報告
{{Cite serial}}廣播和電視節目系列
{{Cite sign}}標誌、匾額、銘牌或徽章
{{Cite speech}}演講
{{Cite ssrn}}SSRN論文
{{Cite techreport}}技術報告
{{Cite thesis}}學位論文
{{Cite web}}上述模板未包含的其他網路資料
參見

引用百科全書辞书的資料時請用本模板。 所有參數必須為小寫英文字母,可複製一空白版本使用。

用法

常用版本,橫書

{{cite encyclopedia |year= |title = |encyclopedia= |publisher= |location= |id= }}

詳盡版本,橫書

{{cite encyclopedia |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |editor= |encyclopedia= |title= |url= |accessdate= |accessyear= |accessmonth= |edition= |date= |year= |month= |publisher= |volume= |location= |id= |doi= |pages= |quote= }}

詳盡版本,橫書(設定本日日期為存取日期)

{{cite encyclopedia |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |editor= |encyclopedia= |title= |url= |accessdate=2022年11月27日 |accessyear= |accessmonth= |edition= |date= |year= |month= |publisher= |volume= |location= |id= |doi= |pages= |quote= }}

詳盡版本,橫書 常用版本,直書
{{cite encyclopedia
 | last = 
 | first = 
 | author = 
 | authorlink = 
 | coauthors = 
 | editor = 
 | encyclopedia =
 | title = 
 | url = 
 | accessdate = 
 | accessyear = 
 | accessmonth = 
 | edition = 
 | date = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | publisher = 
 | volume =
 | location = 
 | id = 
 | doi =
 | pages = 
 | quote = 
}}
{{cite encyclopedia
 | year = 
 | title = 
 | encyclopedia =
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | id = 
}}

欄位變數

維基連結

大部分的欄位都可以加入維基內部連結(例如:title = [[條目|百科全書名]]),但建議僅加入維基百科現有條目的內部連結。所有維基連結中不應包含任何會干擾模板運作的符號,請使用正常的括號 (),而不要使用 <>[]{}

說明欄位

欄位變數

以下的欄位說明中,部份欄位有親子連動關係,親子欄位必須搭配使用才會正常顯示:

  • 親欄位
    • 子欄位 — 必須和親欄位同時使用(若親欄位沒有填寫則可忽略)
    • 或:子欄位2 — 可以取代親欄位使用(若已使用親欄位則可忽略)

說明

  • author:作者姓名,適合使用在作者的姓名(或翻譯後姓名)為中文的時候,例如:張愛玲、喬治·華盛頓。可填寫下方的 authorlink 欄位加入內部連結。
  • last:作者姓氏,由於與名字中間有空格,建議使用在以原文(通常是英文)表現作者姓氏時。例如:Johnson。請不要直接加入維基連結,改用 authorlink 欄位。
    • first:作者名字,由於與姓氏中間有空格,建議使用在以原文(通常是英文)表現作者名字時。例如:Jack。也可加入中間姓名(middle name)。請不要直接加入維基連結,改用 authorlink 欄位。
      • lastfirst 僅適合用在用英文(或其他類似語言)書寫的作者姓名,中文或翻譯姓名請改用 author 欄位。
    • authorlink:維基百科中關於作者的條目名稱。請僅輸入已存在的條目。請不要獨立使用這個欄位,務必僅在 authorfirstlast 有填寫時使用。
    • coauthors:其他合作作者的完整姓名,使用頓號(、)分開。(例如:王大明、李小華;或:Joe Bloggs、John F. Kennedy、H. R. Dent)
  • editor:書籍的編輯 / 編者姓名。由於本欄位沒有預設的文字,因此使用者必須自行加入「(編輯)」等附註文字。
  • encyclopedia:書籍、百科全书、词典等著作的標題。
  • title条目或词条的標題。'可以連結至維基百科內已存在的條目。英文标题可加入斜體符號(''title''),中文請勿加入斜體。
  • url:若為線上書籍,請填寫網址。若已在 title 欄位加入內部連結則無法使用。
    • format:書籍格式,例如:PDF、HTML 等。若無特別的格式則不必填寫。
    • accessdate:造訪線上書籍網址的完整日期。格式為:XXXX年XX月XX日,可自由加上內部連結,例如:2007年2月20日。若書籍沒有網址則不必填寫。
  • edition:當書籍有特定的版本時使用,例如:1997年6月第二刷。
  • series:當書籍是一系列出版品中的其中一部份時使用。
  • origdate:原始版本的出版日期。格式為:XXXX年XX月XX日,可自由加上內部連結,例如:2007年2月20日
    • 或:origyear:原始版本的出版年份,不須加上「年」這個字,只需填寫數字即可。和 origmonth:原始版本的出版月份,不須加上「月」這個字,只需填寫數字即可。兩個欄位都不可加上內部連結,若是有特定的日期,請改用 origdate
  • date:引用版本的出版日期。格式為:XXXX年XX月XX日,可自由加上內部連結,例如:2007年2月20日
    • 或:year:引用版本的出版年份,不須加上「年」這個字,只需填寫數字即可。和 month:引用版本的出版月份,不須加上「月」這個字,只需填寫數字即可。兩個欄位都不可加上內部連結,若是有特定的日期,請改用 date
  • publisher:出版社。請避免加入「出版社」、「公司」、「有限公司」等字樣。
    • location:出版地點。
  • language:書籍的語言。
  • isbn國際標準書號(ISBN),例如:1-111-22222-9
  • unified统一书号,例如:7201·85
  • oclc線上電腦圖書館中心(Online Computer Library Center)編號,例如:3185581
  • doi數位物件識別號(digital object identifier,DOI),例如:10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001
  • id:若以上的欄位不敷使用或不適合,可加入書籍其他的相關認證編號。您必須指定您加入的編號系統名稱,使用相關模板如 {{ISSN}}。
  • pages第5–7頁:引用頁數的起訖。這是指引用內容所在的頁數,而非整本書的總頁數。
  • chapter:書籍的特定章節。
    • chapterurl:線上書籍的特定章節網址。若有的話必須和 url 欄位的內容是在同一個網站上。
  • quote:書籍中特定句子的引言。

模板数据

这是用于新版可视化编辑器及其他工具的模板数据文档。

Cite encyclopedia模板数据

This template formats a citation to an article or chapter in an edited collection such as an encyclopedia or dictionary, but more generally to any book or book series containing individual sections or chapters written by various authors, and put together by one or more editors.

[管理模板数据]

模板参数

此模板有自定义格式。

参数描述类型状态
出版年year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

字符串可选
条目标题titlearticleentry

条目或词条在百科全书、词典中的标题; displays in quotes

字符串必填
百科全书encyclopediaencyclopaediadictionary

Title of the source; may be wikilinked; displays in italics; alias of 'work'

字符串推荐
出版社publisherinstitution

Name of the publisher; displays after title

字符串可选
Location of publicationlocationplace

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

字符串可选
ididID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

字符串可选
URLurlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

字符串可选
URL访问日期access-date

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

字符串可选
姓氏last

作者姓氏;若添加内部链接,请使用'author-link'参数;can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

字符串推荐
first

作者名,不包括姓氏;若添加内部链接,请使用'author-link'参数;can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

字符串推荐
Source datedate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

字符串可选
作者条目author-linkauthor-link1author1-link

中文维基百科中该作者条目的标题; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

页面名称可选
其他贡献者others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

字符串可选
Original dateorig-dateorig-year

Original year of publication; provide specifics

字符串可选
Editor last nameeditor-lasteditoreditor-surnameeditor-last1editor-surname1editor1editor1-lasteditor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

未知可选
Editor first nameeditor-firsteditor-giveneditor-first1editor-given1editor1-firsteditor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

未知可选
Editor linkeditor-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

页面名称可选
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

字符串可选
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

字符串可选
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

字符串可选
Seriesseriesversion

When the source is part of a series, such as a book series where the issue numbering has restarted; alias of 'version'

字符串可选
卷数volume

For one publication published in several volumes

字符串可选
pagep

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

字符串可选
pagespp

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

字符串可选
No ppno-pp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

字符串可选
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

字符串可选
语言languagelang

如果文献非中文时标识文献的编写语言;use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

字符串可选
翻译标题trans-title

如果文献非中文;建议设置'language'参数

字符串可选
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

字符串可选
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

字符串可选
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

字符串可选
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

字符串可选
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

字符串可选
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

字符串可选
DOIdoiDOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

字符串可选
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

字符串可选
ISBNisbnISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

字符串可选
ISSNissnISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

字符串可选
jfm codejfmJFM

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

字符串可选
JSTORjstorJSTOR

JSTOR identifier

字符串可选
LCCNlccnLCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

字符串可选
MRmrMR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

字符串可选
OCLCoclcOCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

字符串可选
OLolOL

Open Library identifier

字符串可选
OSTIostiOSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

字符串可选
PMCpmcPMC

PubMed Center article number

字符串可选
PMIDpmidPMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

字符串可选
RFCrfcRFC

Request for Comments number

字符串可选
SSRNssrnSSRN

Social Science Research Network

字符串可选
ZBLzblZBL

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

字符串可选
Archive URLarchive-url

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archive-date'

字符串可选
Archive datearchive-date

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

字符串可选
Quotequotequotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

字符串可选
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

字符串可选
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

默认值
.
字符串可选
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字符串可选
Display authorsdisplay-authorsdisplay-subjects

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed; alias of 'displayauthors'

默认值
8
数字可选
Last name 2last2author2surname2author-last2author2-lastsubject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

字符串可选
First name 2first2given2author-first2author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

字符串可选
Last name 3last3author3surname3author-last3author3-lastsubject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link3'.

字符串可选
First name 3first3given3author-first3author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

字符串可选
Last name 4last4author4surname4author-last4author4-lastsubject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link4'.

字符串可选
First name 4first4given4author-first4author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

字符串可选
Last name 5last5author5surname5author-last5author5-lastsubject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link5'.

字符串可选
First name 5first5given5author-first5author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

字符串可选
Last name 6last6author6surname6author-last6author6-lastsubject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link6'.

字符串可选
First name 6first6given6author-first6author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

字符串可选
Last name 7last7author7surname7author-last7author7-lastsubject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link7'.

字符串可选
First name 7first7given7author-first7author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

字符串可选
Last name 8last8author8surname8author-last8author8-lastsubject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link8'.

字符串可选
First name 8first8given8author-first8author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

字符串可选
Last name 9last9author9surname9author-last9author9-lastsubject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

字符串可选
First name 9first9given9author-first9author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

字符串可选
name-list-stylename-list-style

无描述

未知可选

重定向