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說明[编辑]

本模板可以容納4個“作者”同時作為參考文獻被引用。

參數[编辑]

第一種情況[编辑]

代碼 效果
== References ==
* {{citation
 |title = Smith's paper
 |... }}
* {{cite web
 |title = Smith & Jones website
 |...
 |ref = harv }}
* {{cite news
 |title = Article by Smith, Jones and Brown
 |...
 |ref = harv }}
* {{cite journal
 |title= Smith, Jones, Brown and Black's Paper
 |...
 |ref = harv }}
References
  • Smith, John, Smith's paper. 2005 
  • Smith, John; Jones, Sam. Smith & Jones website. 2005. 
  • Smith, John; Jones, Sam; Brown, Tom. Article by Smith, Jones and Brown. Big Urban Newspaper. 2005. 
  • Smith; Jones; Brown; Black. Smith, Jones, Brown and Black's Paper. Important Journal. 2005. 

第二種情況[编辑]

In-text templates
模板 別名 示例
{{Harvard citation no brackets}} {{harvnb}} Smith 2006,第25页
{{Harvard citation}} {{harv}} Smith 2006,p.25)
{{Harvard citation text}} {{harvtxt}} Smith (2006, p. 25)
{{Harvcoltxt}} Smith (2006:25)
{{Harvcol}} Smith 2006,p.25)
{{Harvcolnb}} Smith 2006:25
{{Harvard citations}} ({{harvs}}) John Smith (2006, 2007) (and many other forms).
{{Shortened footnote template}} {{sfn}} Article text.[1]
  1. ^ Smith 2006, p. 25.
{{Sfnp}} Article text.[1]
  1. ^ Smith (2006), p. 25.
{{Sfnm}} Article text.[1]
  1. ^ Smith, Jones & Brown 2005, p. 15; Smith 2006, p. 50.

應用[编辑]

第一種用法[编辑]

原模板:{{harv}}

代碼 效果
Article text {{harv|Smith|2006|p=25}}.

== References ==
* {{cite book
 |ref = harv
 |last = Smith |first = John
 |title = Smith's book
 |year = 2006
}}
Article text (Smith 2006,p.25).
References
  • Smith, John. Smith's book. 2006. 

第二種用法[编辑]

原模板: {{sfn}}或{{harvnb}}

代碼 效果
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2007|p=25}}
More article text.{{sfn|Smith|2007|p=25}}
Still more article text.{{sfn|Smith|2007|p=26}}

== References ==
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite book
 |ref = harv
 |last = Smith |first = John
 |year = 2007
 |title = Smith's Book
}}
Article text.[1]

More article text.[1] Still more article text.[2]

参考文献
引用
  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Smith 2007, p. 25.
  2. ^ Smith 2007, p. 26.
书目
  • Smith, John. Smith's Book. 2007. 
Article text.<ref name=Smith2008p25>{{harvnb|Smith|2008|p=25}}.</ref>
More article text.<ref name=Smith2008p25/>
Still more article text.<ref>{{harvnb|Smith|2008|p=26}}.</ref>

== References ==
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite book
 |ref = harv
 |last = Smith |first = John
 |year = 2008
 |title = Smith's Book
}}
Article text.[1]

More article text.[1] Still more article text.[2]


参考文献
引用
  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Smith 2008,第25页.
  2. ^ Smith 2008,第26页.
书目
  • Smith, John. Smith's Book. 2008. 

第三種用法[编辑]

原模板: {{harvtxt}}

代碼 效果
According to {{harvtxt|Smith|2009|p=25}} ...

== References ==
* {{citation
 |last = Smith |first = John
 |year = 2009
 |title = Smith's Book
}}
According to Smith (2009, p. 25) ...
References
  • Smith, John, Smith's Book. 2009 

第四種用法[编辑]

原模板:{{harvnb}}或{{sfnm}}

代碼 效果
Article text ({{harvnb|Smith|2010|p=25}}; {{harvnb|Jones|2010}}).
Article text ( Smith 2010,第25页; Jones 2010).
Article text.<ref>{{harvnb|Smith|2010|p=25}}; {{harvnb|Jones|2010}}</ref>

== References ==
=== Citations ===
<references />

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite book |last = Smith ... Smith's book }}
* {{cite book |last = Jones ... Jones' book }}

Article text.[1]
References
Citaions
  1. ^ Smith 2010,第25页; Jones 2010
Bibliography
  • Smith, John. Smith's book. 2010. 
  • Jones, Mary. Jones' book. 2010. 
Article text.{{sfnm|la1=Smith|y1=2010|p1=25|la2=Jones|y2=2010}}

== References ==
=== Citations ===
<references />

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite book |last = Smith ... Smith's book }}
* {{cite book |last = Jones ... Jones' book }}

Article text.[1]
References
Citations
  1. ^ Smith 2010,第25页; Jones 2010
Bibliography
  • Smith, John. Smith's book. 2010. 
  • Jones, Mary. Jones' book. 2010. 

第五種用法[编辑]

原模板:{{harvid}}或{{harvs}}

代碼 效果
The theory was developed by {{harvs|txt|first=F. J.|last=Murray|author1-link=F. J. Murray|first2=J.|last2=von Neumann|author2-link=John von Neumann|year=1936|year2=1937|year3=1943}}.
The theory was developed by F. J. Murray and J. von Neumann (1936, 1937, 1943).
The theory was developed by [[F. J. Murray]] and [[John von Neumann|J. von Neumann]] ([[#{{harvid|Murray|von Neumann|1936}}|1936]],[[#{{harvid|Murray|von Neumann|1937}}|1937]],[[#{{harvid|Murray|von Neumann|1943}}|1943]]).
The theory was developed by F. J. Murray and J. von Neumann (1936, 1937, 1943).
== References ==
* {{citation |last1=Murray |year = 1936 |...}}
* {{citation |last1=Murray |year = 1937 |...}}
* {{citation |last1=Murray |year = 1943 |...}}
References
  • Murray, F. J.; von Neumann, John, Mathematics Paper. 1936 
  • Murray, F. J.; von Neumann, John, Another Mathematics Paper. 1937 
  • Murray, F. J.; von Neumann, John, Yet Another Mathematics Paper. 1943 

衍生模板[编辑]

第一種[编辑]

原模板:{{harvcol}}, {{harvcolnb}},{{harvcoltxt}}

代碼 效果
{{harvcol|Smith|2011|p=25}}
Smith 2011,p.25)
{{harvcolnb|Smith|2011|p=25}}
Smith 2011:25
{{harvcoltxt|Smith|2011|p=25}}
Smith (2011:25)
{{harvcol|Smith|2011|p=25–26}}
Smith 2011,p.25–26)
{{harvcol|Smith|2011|loc=chpt. 3}}
Smith 2011,p.chpt. 3)

第二種[编辑]

原模板:{{sfnp}}

代碼 效果
Article text.{{sfnp|Smith|2011}}
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}
Article text.[1]
Citations

Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2011}}
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}
Article text.[1]
Citations

第三種[编辑]

代碼 效果
Some information.{{sfn|Smith|2011|p=2|ps=: "A quote verifying the information."}}
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}
Some information.[1]
Citations
  1. ^ Smith 2011, p. 2: "A quote verifying the information."

"A quote in a secondary source."{{sfn|Smith|2011|p=2|ps=, quoted in {{harvtxt|Jones|2010|p=343}}}}
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}
"A quote in a secondary source."[1]
Citations
  1. ^ Smith 2011, p. 2, quoted in Jones (2010, p. 343)

Some information.<ref>{{harvnb|Smith|2011|p=2}}: "A quote verifying the information."</ref>
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}
Some information.[1]
Citations
  1. ^ Smith 2011,第2页: "A quote verifying the information."

第四種[编辑]

代碼 效果
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2011|ps=}}
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}
Article text.[1]
Citations

Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2011}}
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}
Article text.[1]
Citations

第五種[编辑]

代碼 效果
{{harv|Smith|2011|loc=[http://en.wikipedia.org chpt 3]}}
Smith 2011chpt 3
{{harv|Smith|2011|loc=[http://en.wikipedia.org &sect;7]}}
Smith 2011§7
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2011|p=[http://en.wikipedia.org 3]}}

== References ==
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite book |last = Smith |year = 2011 |title = Smith's
other book }}
Article text.[1]
参考文献
引用
  1. ^ Smith 2011, p. 3.
书目
  • Smith. Smith's other book. 2011. 

複雜方法[编辑]

不止一個作者的情況[编辑]

代碼 效果
Article text.{{sfn |Smith|1993a|p=25}}
More text.{{sfn |Smith|1993b|p=32}}

== References ==
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite journal
|last = Smith |first = Karen
|year = 1993a
|title = Smith's first paper
|journal= Important Journal
|ref = harv
}}
* {{cite journal
|last = Smith |first = Karen
|year = 1993b
|title = Smith's second paper
|journal = Another Important Journal
|ref = harv
}}
Article text.[1]

More text.[2]

参考文献
引用
  1. ^ Smith 1993a, p. 25.
  2. ^ Smith 1993b, p. 32.
书目
  • Smith, Karen. Smith's first paper. Important Journal. 1993a. 
  • Smith, Karen. Smith's second paper. Another Important Journal. 1993b. 

有大量作者的情況[编辑]

代碼 效果
Article text
{{harv |Smith|Jones|Brown|Black|1994|p=25}}.

== References ==
* {{cite journal
|last = Smith
|last2 = Jones
|last3 = Brown
|last4 = Black
|last5 = Davis
|last6 = Martinez
|last7 = Hsu
|year= 1994
|title= Scientific paper written by
dozens of scientists
|journal = Important Journal
|ref = harv
}}
Article text (Smith 等人 1994,p.25).
References
  • Smith; Jones; Brown; Black; Davis; Martinez; Hsu. Scientific paper written by dozens of scientists. Important Journal. 1994. 
Article text {{harv |Smith et al.|1995|p=25}}.

== References ==
* {{cite journal
|last = Smith
|last2 = Jones
|last3 = Brown
|last4 = Black
|last5 = Davis
|last6 = Martinez
|last7 = Hsu
|year= 1995
|title= Another paper by even more scientists
|journal = Important Journal
|ref = {{harvid|Smith et al.|1995}}
}}
Article text (Smith et al. 1995,p.25).
References
  • Smith; Jones; Brown; Black; Davis; Martinez; Hsu. Another paper by even more scientists. Important Journal. 1995. 

沒有作者只有作品的情況[编辑]

代碼 效果
Article text.{{sfn |BGI|1996|p=429}}

== References ==
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite book
|title = Important Book
|year = 1996
|publisher = Big Government Institution
|ref = {{harvid|BGI|1996}}
}}
Article text.[1]
参考文献
引用
  1. ^ BGI 1996, p. 429.
书目
  • Important Book. Big Government Institution. 1996. 
Article text.{{sfn |Popular Magazine|1996|p=29}}

== References ==
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite magazine
|magazine = Popular Magazine
|title = An Article by an Anonymous Author
|year = 1996
|ref = {{harvid|Popular Magazine|1996}}
}}
Article text.[1]
参考文献
引用
  1. ^ Popular Magazine 1996, p. 29.
书目
  • An Article by an Anonymous Author. Popular Magazine. 1996. 

有日期的情況[编辑]

代碼 效果
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|1997|p=101}}

== References ==
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite journal
|last = Smith |first = Karen
|date = 11 May 1997
|title = Smith's 1997 paper
|journal= Important Journal
|ref = harv
}}
Article text.[1]
参考文献
引用
  1. ^ Smith 1997, p. 101.
书目
  • Smith, Karen. Smith's 1997 paper. Important Journal. 11 May 1997. 
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|1998|p=101}}

== References ==
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite journal
|last = Smith |first = Karen
|date = May 1998
|title = Smith's 1998 paper
|journal= Important Journal
|ref = harv
}}
Article text.[1]
参考文献
引用
  1. ^ Smith 1998, p. 101.
书目
  • Smith, Karen. Smith's 1998 paper. Important Journal. May 1998. 

其他情況之一[编辑]

代碼 效果
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|1999|p=101}}

== References ==
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite book
|last = Smith |first = Karen
|year = 1999
|title = Smith's 1999 Book
|harvid = Smith1999
}}
Article text.[1]
参考文献
引用
  1. ^ Smith 1999, p. 101.
书目
  • Smith's 1999 Book. 1999.
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2000|p=101}}

== References ==
=== Citations ===
{{Reflist}}

=== Bibliography ===
* {{cite thesis
|last = Smith |first = Karen
|date = May 2000
|title = Smith's Thesis
|ref = {{harvid|Smith|2000}}
}}
Article text.[1]
参考文献
引用
  1. ^ Smith 2000, p. 101.
书目
  • Smith, Karen. Smith's Thesis (Thesis). May 2000. 

推薦使用形式[编辑]

代碼 效果
Some works on gravitation are so massive they warp spacetime themselves {{Harv|Misner|Thorne|Wheeler|1973}}; yet {{Harvtxt|Einstein|1915}} presented essential equations with notable brevity. The essential ingredients are the curvature tensor and the stress-energy tensor ({{Harvnb|Einstein|1915|loc=p.&nbsp;844}}; {{Harvnb|Misner|Thorne|Wheeler|1973|loc=p.&nbsp;41}}).

== References ==
* {{Citation
 |last = Misner
 |first = Charles W.
 |last2 = Thorne
 |first2 = Kip S.
 |first3 = John Archibald
 |last3 = Wheeler
 |title = Gravitation
 |publisher = W. H. Freeman
 |location = San Francisco
 |year = 1973
 |month = September
 |id = ISBN 0-7167-0344-0 }}
* {{Citation
 |last = Einstein
 |first = Albert
 |title = Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation (The Field Equations of Gravitation)
 |journal = Königlich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften
 |pages = 844–847
 |year = 1915
}}
Some works on gravitation are so massive they warp spacetime themselves (Misner,Thorne & Wheeler 1973); yet Einstein (1915) presented essential equations with notable brevity. The two ingredients are the curvature tensor and the stress-energy tensor ( Einstein 1915,p. 844; Misner,Thorne & Wheeler(1973),p. 41).
References
  • Misner, Charles W.; Thorne, Kip S.; Wheeler, John Archibald, Gravitation, San Francisco: W. H. Freeman. September 1973, ISBN 0-7167-0344-0 
  • Einstein, Albert, Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation (The Field Equations of Gravitation), Königlich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften. 1915: 844–847