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Template:Infobox scientist

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{{{honorific_prefix}}}
{{{name}}}
{{{honorific_suffix}}}
[[File:{{{image}}}|{{{image_size}}}
|alt={{{alt}}}|upright=1|{{{alt}}}]]
{{{caption}}}
原文名 {{{native_name}}}
出生 {{{birth_name}}}
{{{birth_date}}}
{{{birth_place}}}
逝世 {{{death_date}}}
{{{death_place}}}
{{{death_cause}}}
墓地 {{{resting_place}}}
{{{resting_place_coordinates}}}
别名 {{{other_names}}}
居住地 {{{residence}}}
公民权 {{{citizenship}}}
国籍 {{{nationality}}}
研究領域 {{{fields}}}
机构 {{{workplaces}}}
贊助 {{{patrons}}}
教育程度 {{{education}}}
母校 {{{alma_mater}}}
論文 [ thesis_title ] (year)
or
[
thesis_title1 ] (year1)
[ thesis_title2 ] (year2)
博士導師 {{{doctoral_advisor}}}
其他学术顾问 {{{academic_advisors}}}
博士生 {{{doctoral_students}}}
其他著名學生 {{{notable_students}}}
知名于 {{{known_for}}}
受影响于 {{{influences}}}
影响于 {{{influenced}}}
著名獎項 {{{awards}}}
植物命名人缩写 {{{author_abbrev_bot}}}
动物命名人缩写英语Author citation (zoology) {{{author_abbrev_zoo}}}
配偶 {{{spouse}}} or {{{spouses}}}
伴侶 {{{partner}}} or {{{partners}}}
兒女 {{{children}}}
簽名
[[File:{{{signature}}}|128px|alt={{{signature_alt}}}|{{{name}}}'s signature]]
網站
{{{website}}}
備註
{{{footnotes}}}

Infobox scientist 可以用來總結關於一位科學家、軍醫、工程師、數學家或(科學)學者的個人資訊。

用法

空白模板

以下所示的模板可以藉由複製貼上增加到條目內。

{{Infobox scientist
| honorific_prefix =
| name        = 
| honorific_suffix =
| native_name = 
| native_name_lang = 
| image       =         <!--(filename only, i.e. without "File:" prefix)-->
| image_size  = 
| alt         = 
| caption     = 
| birth_date  =         <!-YYYY|MM|DD}->
| birth_place = 
| death_date  =         <!--{{death date and age |YYYY|MM|DD |YYYY|MM|DD}} (death date then birth date)-->
| death_place = 
| death_cause = 
| resting_place = 
| resting_place_coordinates =  <!-LAT|LONG|type:landmark|display=inline,title}->
| other_names = 
| residence   = 
| citizenship = 
| nationality = 
| fields      = 
| workplaces  = 
| patrons     = 
| education   = 
| alma_mater  = 
| thesis_title =        <!--(or  | thesis1_title =  and  | thesis2_title = )-->
| thesis_url  =         <!--(or  | thesis1_url  =   and  | thesis2_url  =  )-->
| thesis_year =         <!--(or  | thesis1_year =   and  | thesis2_year =  )-->
| doctoral_advisor =    <!--(or  | doctoral_advisors = )-->
| academic_advisors = 
| doctoral_students = 
| notable_students = 
| known_for   = 
| influences  = 
| influenced  = 
| awards      = 
| author_abbrev_bot = 
| author_abbrev_zoo = 
| spouse      =         <!--(or | spouses = )-->
| partner     =         <!--(or | partners = )-->
| children    = 
| signature   =         <!--(filename only)-->
| signature_alt = 
| website     =         <!-www.example.com}->
| footnotes   = 
}}

參數

所有參數為選填。(如果不填 name,預設使用條目名稱。)

參數 說明
name 輸入科學家、數學家、或工程師的名字。注意:不要加入圖標或其他圖片
native_name The person's name in their own language, if different
native_name_lang ISO 639-2 code e.g. "fre" or "fra" for French – If more than one, use {{lang}} in native_name= instead.
image 合適圖片的檔案名
image_size
imagesize
圖片寬度 (預設 225x250px).
alt 圖片替代文字,用來方便視障讀者. 參見 WP:ALT.
caption 圖片說明。如果可以的話,包含圖片拍攝日期與(或)攝影者
birth_name Birth name – Use only if different from name in header.
birth_date 科學家生日
birth_place 出生地點 (e.g. town/city, region, country).
death_date Date of death
death_place Place of death (e.g. town/city, region, country)
resting_place Place of burial, ash-scattering, etc.
resting_place_coordinates Coordinates for place of burial, ash-scattering etc. – Use {{coord}} template.
other_names Former names or nicknames – Separate multiple values by using {{Plainlist}}.
residence 科學家居住的地方 (for significant periods).
citizenship 科學家的公民權
nationality 如果國籍與上列的公民權不同的話,使用此欄
fields 科學家主要的職業領域 (physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, engineering, &c) 不是職業 (physicist...engineer)
workplaces 重要的工作地點、大學、公司等等
patrons People who subsidized the scientist's education and/or research
education Education, e.g. degree, institution and graduation year, if relevant. If very little information is available or relevant, the |alma_mater= parameter may be more appropriate.
alma_mater 科學家獲得學位的大學
thesis_title 科学家毕业论文的标题
thesis_url 毕业论文的URL地址
thesis_year 毕业论文发表的年份
doctoral_advisor 如果可行的話,寫入科學家的博士學位指導教授的名子
academic_advisors 他重要的指導學者的名子(不同於博士學位指導教授)
doctoral_students Names of any notable doctoral students advised by the scientist
notable_students Names of any notable non-doctoral students advised by the scientist
known_for 科學家著名的研究主題與領域
author_abbrev_bot If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here.
author_abbrev_zoo If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here.
influences 任何對此科學家影響深遠的著名人士
influenced 任何被此科學家深深影響的著名人士
awards 此科學家獲得的著名獎項
signature Filename of an image of the scientist's signature (if available)
signature_alt Alt text for signature
website Official website
footnotes For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above
spouse 科學家的配偶或配偶們 (包含婚姻的時間範圍)
parents The scientist's parents
children 科学家的子女(如果其子女为知名人士则填入)

Guidelines

Note: "Lists" in the following are usually suitable for presentation using {{ublist}} (unbulleted list, one item per line) or {{hlist}} (horizontal list, item by item with linewrap).

name  
This is the name that scientist was usually known by. Do not put the full expanded name here.
image  
This is the portrait or photo of the scientist. If there is a choice between good images, chose the one from a period where the scientist's work flourished. Avoid photos where the scientist was a child or very elderly, unless there is nothing else available.
image_size  
This should normally be left at the default image size which will let users change the size to their own preference.
alt  
This should describe only the visual appearance of the image, for visually-impaired readers. It should not repeat the caption. See WP:ALT.
caption  
The caption should contain the full expanded name of the scientist, year or birth and death, if available, and any relevant details about the photo or portrait.
birth_name  
Birth name of scientist. Use only if different from name in header. This parameter will be displayed in the "born" field, before birth date and birthplace.
birth_date  
Birth date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientist's age.
birth_place  
Birthplace of scientist. Put town/city followed by country.
death_date  
Death date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientists age.
death_place  
Death place of scientist. Put town/city followed by country. Note: this is the place where the person died, which might be different from burial place.
resting_place 
Where the scientist was buried, or their ashes scattered
resting_place_coordinates
WGS84 coordinates for |resting_place. Only use if known precisely (i.e. do not give generic coordinates for the cemetery). Use {{Coord}}.
residence  
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. These are places where the scientist lived for significant periods. The intention is that these are countries of domicile. Do not include countries where the scientist temporarily resided for brief collaboration or study leave.
citizenship  
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. This is the scientist's citizenship, which often can be different from country of domicile or residency.
nationality  
List country only. Only insert this if it is different from citizenship.
fields  
List the scientist's principal field or fields of work as described in the article, e.g. Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Molecular biology, Electronic engineering etc. Avoid using occupations, e.g. Physicist, Zoologist, Surgeon, Inventor.
workplaces  
List the key work places, universities, companies, organizations etc. that the scientist worked at. The intention is to not list minor places that the scientist performed collaborative visits at. The intention is to list places where the scientist was officially appointed with a payroll (i.e. don't list places that represent adjunct appointments).
patrons  
List notable benefactors who financially supported the scientist's education and/or research.
alma_mater  
List the universities where the scientist obtained all his/her degrees from. In anomalous cases where a degree was carried out remotely or in a different university to the university that administered the degree, insert the administering university. The main article can then discuss the specific situation.
thesis_title  
(or thesis1_title and thesis2_title)  If the scientist obtained a doctorate or doctorates, insert the thesis/theses titles, otherwise leave blank.
thesis_url  
(or thesis1_url and thesis2_url)  A link or links to e.g. abstract/s of the scientist's thesis/theses at a university library, or their homepage, etc.
thesis_year  
(or thesis1_year and thesis2_year)  The year/s in which the scientist's thesis/theses were published.
doctoral_advisor  
(or doctoral_advisors)  If the scientist obtained a doctorate, insert their doctoral advisor or advisors, otherwise leave blank.
academic_advisors 
Insert names of significant academic teachers other than the doctoral advisor: e.g. Master's advisor, postdoctoral supervisor, significant undergraduate mentor/teacher etc. In Cambridge, before 1919, there was no doctorate and so you can insert the relevant Cambridge tutor.
doctoral_students 
Insert names of doctoral students supervised by the scientist. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out. It can be reinstated once such an article appears. The idea is to list only those students who are significant enough to warrant their own article.
notable_students  
Insert names of any notable non-doctoral students taught or supervised by the scientist. These can be undergraduates, postdocs, masters students etc. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out.
known_for  
Insert the key topics/areas for which the scientist is notable, e.g. "discovering the electron". In the case of prolific scientists, preferably list the discoveries named after the scientist, e.g. "Maxwell's equations". In the case where a scientist is so prolific that a whole wiki article listing the discoveries exists, insert a link to that page under the label (in italics) "see list" (i.e. 100%).
author_abbrev_bot 
If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
author_abbrev_zoo 
If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
spouse  
(or spouses)  Name/s of / link/s to the scientist's spouse/s.
partner  
(or partners)  Name/s of / link/s to the scientist's partner/s.
influences  
List names of any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly. Influences should be restricted to a small number, i.e. two or three, where the scientist was clearly and directly building on the work of a predecessor (for example, the scientist may have identified a predecessor as providing the foundation for one of their major achievements). Unless the scientist was clearly building on an earlier work, avoid adding influences that were only via study, as such influences are generally too many and hard to separate. Only list influences who are notable enough to warrant their own wiki article.
influenced  
List names of any notable people who were significantly influenced by the scientist. Influenced should be restricted to a small number (perhaps two or three), where the scientist clearly and directly provided the foundation for work by a later thinker. For example, the scientist may be named by the later thinker as providing the basis for one of their major works. Unless the later thinker was clearly building on the scientist's work, avoid adding names that were only influenced by study of the scientist, as such influences are generally too many and hard to separate. Only list influenced people who are notable enough to warrant their own wiki article.
awards  
List major awards. Put year of award in brackets after name of award. Insert a line break after each award. Avoid awards that are not significant enough to withstand their own wiki article description.
signature  
Filename of an image of the scientist's handwritten signature (if available).
signature_alt 
Alt text for the signature. Typically this is just the text of the signature (e.g. "Is. Newton" for File:Isaac Newton signature.svg).
website  
Official website only. Unofficial websites should be placed under ==External links== in the body of the article. Use {{URL}} as {{URL|www.example.com}}.
footnotes  
For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above. This section is also often used to add extra notable items, typically, if the scientist is a relative of another person with a wiki article.
Common errors to avoid
  • Always copy and paste the infobox template from here, not another article, in order to guarantee the full correct version.
  • If a field does not apply, leave it blank. Do not delete it. This is because is acts as a place-holder and future editors may find a field applies after all. You may put a comment in the blank field that it is not applicable if you are sure of this.

例子

Paul Dirac
Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
出生 1902年8月8日(1902-08-08)
Bristol, England
逝世 1984年10月20日(82歲)
Tallahassee, Florida, USA
居住地
国籍 British
研究領域 Physics (theoretical)
机构
母校
博士導師 Ralph Fowler
博士生
知名于
Seminal contributions to quantum mechanics
著名獎項 1933  Nobel Prize in Physics
{{Infobox scientist
| name = Paul Dirac
| image = Dirac_4.jpg
| alt = Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
| caption = <!--(not needed as image is straightforward portrait)-->
| birth_date = {{birth date|1902|8|8|mf=y}}
| birth_place = [[Bristol]], [[England]]
| death_date = {{death date and age|1984|10|20|1902|8|8}}
| death_place = [[Tallahassee]], [[Florida]], USA
| residence = {{ublist |[[United Kingdom]] |[[United States]]}}
| nationality = [[British nationality|British]]
| fields = [[Physics]] ([[Theoretical physics|theoretical]])
| workplaces = {{ublist |[[University of Cambridge|Cambridge University]] |[[Florida State University]]}}
| alma_mater = {{ublist |[[University of Bristol]] |Cambridge University}}
| doctoral_advisor = [[Ralph Fowler]]
| doctoral_students = {{ublist |[[Homi J. Bhabha|Homi Bhabha]] |[[Harish-Chandra|Harish Chandra Mehrotra]] |[[Denis Sciama|Dennis Sciama]] |[[Behram Kurşunoğlu]] |[[John Polkinghorne]] |[[Per-Olov Löwdin]]}}
| known_for = {{longitem|Seminal contributions to [[quantum mechanics]]}}
| awards = {{smaller|1933{{nbsp|2}}}}[[Nobel Prize in Physics]]
}}

微格式

本模板使用了hCard 微格式標記,被標記的人物資料可以被電腦分析讀取,以便将其自動归類,或者透過專門的瀏覽器取得資料訊息,例如將訊息加入通訊錄。關於在維基百科使用微格式的詳細訊息,請參見微格式維基專題

出生日期(bday)參數只能使用於包含了 {{bd}} 或 {{Birth date and age}} 模板的信息框。

  • adr
  • bday
  • county-name
  • fn(必須)
  • honorific-prefix
  • honorific-suffix
  • label
  • locality
  • nickname
  • note
  • org
  • role
  • vcard

請不要移除或重新命名這些class。