Template:Infobox body of water

跳转至: 导航搜索
文档图示 模板文档[查看] [编辑] [历史] [清除缓存]
name text
local name
past or alternative names
Image alt text
Image caption text
Bathymetry alt text
Bathymetry caption text
位置 location text
组别 group text
坐标 coordinates in {{coord}} template format
类型 type of lake or ocean text
詞源 person, event or entity named after
屬於 part of text
主要注入 inflow river text
河流源 text
主要流出 outflow river text
海洋源 text
集水面积 catchment area text
流经国家 country text
管理机构 managing or owning organisation
保護狀態 protection as a nature reserve, etc.
建造 date built (for reservoirs; use {{Start date}})
工程师 text
首次蓄水 date first flooded (for reservoirs; use {{Start date}})
最長範圍 length text
最寬範圍 width text
表面积 area text
平均深度 depth text
最大深度 max depth text
水体体积 volume text
滞留时间 residence time of water
盐度 text
岸长1 length of the shoreline
表面海拔 elevation text
结冰 frozen text
岛屿 islands text
区域∕子盆地 sections text
海沟 trenches text
阶地 benches text
周边城市 settlement text
网站 website
参考来源 reference text

This template can be used to add comparative, at-a-glance material to articles on lakes, oceans, bays, and similar water bodies. If there is a single article for the reservoir and the dam, please use instead of this template the integrated dam infobox template (template:Infobox dam).


{{Infobox body of water
| name               = {{subst:PAGENAMEBASE}}
| native_name        = 
| native_name_lang   = 
| other_name         = 
| image              = 
| alt                = 
| caption            = 
| image_bathymetry   = 
| alt_bathymetry     = 
| caption_bathymetry = 
| location           = 
| group              = 
| coords             = <!-- {{coord|DD|MM|SS|N|DD|MM|SS|W|region:ZZ_type:waterbody|display =inline,title}} -->
| type               = 
| part_of            = 
| etymology          = 
| inflow             = 
| rivers             = 
| outflow            = 
| oceans             = 
| catchment          = 
| catchment_ref      =
| basin_countries    = 
| agency             = 
| designation        = 
| date-built         = <!-- {{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}} For man-made and other recent bodies of water -->
| engineer           = 
| date-flooded       = <!-- {{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}} For man-made and other recent bodies of water -->
| length             = 
| length_ref         = 
| width              = 
| width_ref          = 
| area               = 
| area_ref           = 
| depth              = 
| depth_ref          = 
| max-depth          = 
| max-depth_ref      = 
| volume             = 
| volume_ref         = 
| residence_time     = 
| salinity           = 
| shore              = 
| shore_ref          = 
| elevation          = 
| elevation_ref      = 
| frozen             = 
| islands            = 
| sections           = 
| trenches           = 
| benches            = 
| cities             = 
| pushpin_map             = <!-- the name of a location map as per Template:Location map. Requires coordinates in latd= and longd= format -->
| pushpin_label_position  = <!-- left, right, top or bottom -->
| pushpin_map_alt         = 
| pushpin_map_caption     = 
| latd  =  |latm  =  |lats  =  |latNS  = <!-- N or S -->
| longd =  |longm =  |longs =  |longEW = <!-- E or W -->
| website            = 
| reference          = 


name of the body of water. Avoid using templates, boldface or italics in this field.
name in local language. If more than one, separate using {{Plain list}}
ISO 639-2 code e.g. "fr" for French. If more than one, use {{lang}} instead
Local, alternative or former names. Separate multiple values by using {{plainlist}} or {{unbulleted list}}.
characteristic_image.png Please avoid sunset pictures or maps (For maps, use image_bathymetry).
If missing, the article is added to Category:Wikipedia infobox body of water articles without image
see also: Wikipedia:WikiProject Lakes/Galleries
Alt text describing the image, for visually impaired readers and other applications where the image cannot be seen
Text about the image; avoid repeating the name of the body of water, it's already in the first field of the infobox.
bathymetry_image.png (or other image, avoid maps showing only the location of the body of water)
Alt text for the bathymetry (or other) image
Text about the bathymetry (or other) image
Text about the body of water's location. Note the town/state/region in which the body water is located. Names are listed in wikified form, without flags.
Add the country only if the body of water is located in several countries or if there are several basin countries, but only one country in which the body of water is located.
Latitude and Longitude coordinates of the body of water. It is common to use the approximate center of the body of water, or simply any notable portion of the body of water for the coordinates. Coordinates are generally displayed in the infobox and on the top corner of the articles. For more, see WP:GEO and WP:Obtaining geographic coordinates
Sample coordinates: {{coord|47|01|10|N|8|24|04|E|type:waterbody_region:CH|display =inline,title}}
Coordinates-"Type:" for a body of water is "waterbody".
If missing, the article is placed in Category:Wikipedia infobox body of water articles without coordinates
type of lake. If it's a reservoir, add "[[reservoir]]".
For typologies, see Wikipedia_talk:WikiProject_Lakes#Lake_types and Lake#Types_of_lakes
Samples values with wikimarkup (only one or a few may apply): [[periglacial]], [[subglacial lake]], [[artificial lake]] [[reservoir (water)|reservoir]], [[endorheic]], [[meromictic]], [[oxbow lake]], [[rift lake]], [[underground lake]], [[crater lake]], [[intermittent lake]], [[:Category:Former lakes|former lake]], [[:Category:Shrunken lakes|shrunken lake]]; [[oligotrophic]], [[mesotropic]], [[eutrophic lake]], [[hypertrophic]]
name of any parent basin or hydrology system
person, event or other entity the body is named after
major inflow sources — rivers, aquifers, glacial runoff, etc.
Use italics for any terms that are not place names, e.g. none
outflow waterway names.
If evaporation or seepage are notable outflows, they may be included.
Use italics for any terms that are not place names, e.g. evaporation
the area of catchment (in square kilometres) which includes the entire area of the drainage basin for that body of water. This may include rivers and other bodies of water. If this can be accompanied with a map or drawing, include it with the article.
Sample value: {{convert|2124|km2|sqmi|abbr=on}}
which countries have drainage to/from or border the body of water. To conform a standard, this should include all countries that are directly involved with the body of water's ecology; this would include inflows, outflows, or physically contact the body of water.
Countries are listed in unwikified form, without flags. For Antarctica, use "(Antarctica)".
managing or owning organisation
protected status as a nature reserve, etc.
date construction the body of water/reservoir started, if man-made.
date the body of water/reservoir was first flooded, if man-made or otherwise recent.
maximum length of the body of water in km, statute mile, and/or nautical miles; the length of the body of water at its longest dimension.
Sample value: {{convert|100|km|mi|abbr=on}}
maximum width of the body of water in km, statute mile, and/or nautical miles; perpendicular to the angle used to calculate length.
Sample value: {{convert|50|km|mi|abbr=on}}
total area of the body of water's surface in square kilometres, square miles, acres, or hectares; if this value varies drastically (due to evaporation or changes in flow), attempt to find a documented average value.
Sample conversion for imperial units: {{convert|1234|acre|abbr=on}} this renders as: 1,234 acre(499 ha)
Average depth of the body of water in metres, fathoms, and/or feet
Sample conversion for imperial units: {{convert|123|ft|abbr=on}} this renders as: 123英尺(37米)
Maximum depth of the body of water in metres, fathoms, and/or feet.
Sample value: {{convert|10|m|ft|abbr=on}}
total volume of the body of water (cubic metres, cubic kilometres, cubic miles [cu mi], and/or acre-feet)
Sample value: 11.8 km³
To convert acre-feet, use {{convert|1234567|acre.ft|abbr=on}} this renders as 1,234,567 acre·ft(1.522816×109 m3
residence time of the body of water or lake retention time (generally in years). This is the mean time water spends in the body of water.
length of the shoreline in kilometres and statute miles; this should not include values for waterways directly connected to the body of water, and should reflect the shore at average surface area.
Sample value: {{convert|75|km|mi|abbr=on}}
elevation above sea-level in meters; again, if this value varies due to variable inflow or outflow, attempt to use a documented average value. If at all possible, state the date at which the elevation was measured.
Sample value: {{convert|150|m|ft|abbr=on}}
total number of islands in the body of water; it is common practice to also include the names of any notable islands in the body of water.
if there is a specific category for articles about islands in the body of water, it can be added in this field (e.g., Islands of the Caspian Sea, Category:Lake islands or Category:Islands by ocean or sea). "Islands" in the infobox then links to one of these categories instead of Category:Islands by body of water.
notable cities or settlements on or near the shore of the body of water.
Information about freezing: e.g. usual freezing date, months the body of water is frozen, last years the body of water was frozen, never, etc.
references for some or all of the values. Rather than including full references in any of the previous fields, <ref name ="multiple"> and </ref> should be used in this field and cross-referenced in the other fields with <ref name ="multiple"/>. See Help:Footnotes on how to use the tags.
"align =left" allows to align the infobox left (default is right). This avoids collision with another infobox.
The name of a location map as per Template:Location map. Requires coordinates in latd= and longd= format.
Location of the label to the pushpin. One of "left", "right", "top", or "bottom".
Pushpin map alt text.
Pushpin map caption.
latd = |latm = |lats = |latNS =
Latitude of pushpin for pushpin_map.
longd = |longm = |longs = |longEW =
Longitude of pushpin for pushpin_map.

Imperial units should be converted to metric units, preferably using {{convert}}, e.g. {{convert|1234|acre|abbr=on}} this renders as 1,234 acre(499 ha)


本模板產生的HTML記號包含了HCard 微格式,能夠讓電腦解析地點名稱和位置,具有可自動將文章分類至適當類別的功能。在HCard中有Geo微格式,能讓電腦分析经纬度資料,因此可在地圖上查詢,或下載至全球定位系统(GPS)裝置。關於微格式的更多使用資訊,請參閱維基百科的微格式專題

hCard 使用以下的 HTML class:

  • "adr"
  • "county-name"
  • "fn"
  • "label"
  • "locality"
  • "nickname"
  • "note"
  • "org"
  • "vcard"

Geo由{{coord}}產生,並使用以下的HTML class:

  • "geo"
  • "latitude"
  • "longitude"



See also[编辑]