Template:Infobox musical composition

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Usage[编辑]

Parameters[编辑]

The template is very general and therefore offers a great choice of parameters. For a given composition, use only those of relevance, look first if the subset covers them. Parameters can be entered in several ways, to make the template consistent with other usages, for example parameters can be entered capital or lowercase. For multiple occurrences of a parameter, use {{flatlist}} or {{plainlist}}.

Subset version[编辑]

{{{name}}}
{{{composer}}}作品
[[File:{{{image}}}|frameless|alt={{{alt}}}|upright=1|{{{alt}}}]]
{{{caption}}}
中文名{{{translation}}}
原文名{{{native_name}}}
調性{{{key}}}
目錄號{{{catalogue}}}
作品号{{{opus}}}
类型{{{genre}}}
曲式{{{form}}}
文本{{{text}}}
语言{{{language}}}
曲調{{{melody}}}
创作{{{composed}}}
演出{{{performed}}}
出版{{{published}}}
樂章{{{movements}}}
配器{{{scoring}}}
{{{misc}}}
{{Infobox musical composition
| name                = 
| composer            = 
| image               = 
| alt                 = 
| caption             = 
| translation         = 
| native_name         = 
| native_name_lang    = 
| key                 = 
| catalogue           = 
| opus                = 
| genre               = 
| form                = 
| text                = 
| language            = 
| melody              =
| composed            = <!-- {{Timeline-event|date={{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|end_date={{End date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|location=}} -->
| performed           = <!-- {{Timeline-event|date={{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|location=}} -->
| published           = <!-- {{Timeline-event|date={{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|location=}} -->
| movements           = 
| scoring             = 
| misc                = 
}}

Subset parameters[编辑]

  • |name= title of the composition, using the common name
  • |image= a suitable free image
  • |alt= an alternative description of the image for readers who don't see it
  • |caption= description of the image
  • |translation= title in English, if the common name is in different language
  • |native_name= native title, if the common name is English
  • |native_name_lang= language of the native title/common title not in English
  • |type= the type of composition, e.g. cantata
  • |composer= composer of the piece
  • |genre= genre of the piece, such as choral music
  • |form= form, such as "string quartet"
  • |key= key, such as "C minor", "C-sharp major"
  • |catalogue= catalogue number, listing the catalogue with a link, such as K.
  • |opus= opus number
  • |year= year of composition if different from a date below
  • |text= text source for works with text such as songs and cantatas
  • |language= language of the text
  • |melody= open to name a melody or its writer, useful for hymns, songs and variations
  • |composed= time and location of composition if known and different from |performed=
  • |performed= date and location of notable performances, typically the premiere
  • |published= date(s) and location(s) of publishing
  • |movements= number of movements
  • |scoring= scoring
  • |misc= room to enter additional information

Hymn version[编辑]

{{{name}}}
{{{type}}} {{{composer}}}作品
[[File:{{{image}}}|frameless|alt={{{alt}}}|upright=1|{{{alt}}}]]
{{{caption}}}
中文名{{{translation}}}
原文名{{{native_name}}}
类型{{{genre}}}
场合{{{occasion}}}
作者{{{written}}}
文本{{{text}}}
语言{{{language}}}
作品源於{{{based_on}}}
韻律{{{meter}}}
曲調{{{melody}}}
创作{{{composed}}}
出版{{{published}}}
{{{misc}}}
{{Infobox musical composition
| name                = <!-- name(s) of hymn in quotation marks -->
| type                = <!-- the possibility to say what kind of hymn, such as "Spanish hymn", with the possibility to link to a list -->
| image               = <!-- without leading "File:" -->
| alt                 = 
| caption             = 
| translation         = <!-- to English, if hymn name is a different language -->
| native_name         = <!-- if hymn name is the translation -->
| native_name_lang    = <!-- two-letter code -->
| composer            = 
| genre               = [[讚美詩|Hymn]]
| occasion            = 
| text                = by <!-- text author(s) --> 
| language            = 
| written             = <!-- {{Timeline-event|date={{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|end_date={{End date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|location=}} -->
| based_on            = <!-- for example biblical quotation, example {{Sourcetext|source=Bible|version=King James|book=1 Corinthians|chapter=13|verse=1|range=–13}} --> 
| meter               = <!-- of the poetry -->
| melody              = <!-- name (in quotation marks) or source of traditional melody, or of hymn whose melody is used, or by composer(s) -->
| composed            = <!-- {{Timeline-event|date={{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|end_date={{End date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|location=}} -->
| published           = <!-- {{Timeline-event|date={{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|location=}} -->
| misc                = room for remarks
}}

Full syntax infobox[编辑]

{{{name}}}
{{{subtitle}}}
{{{type}}} {{{composer}}}作品
[[File:{{{image}}}|{{{image_size}}}|alt={{{alt}}}|upright=1|{{{alt}}}]]
{{{caption}}}
中文名{{{translation}}}
原文名{{{native_name}}}
全名{{{full_title}}}
其他名称{{{other_name}}}
調性{{{key}}}
目錄號{{{catalogue}}}
作品号{{{opus}}}
ISWC英语International Standard Musical Work Code{{{ISWC}}}
年份{{{year}}}
时期{{{period}}}
类型{{{genre}}}
风格{{{style}}}
曲式{{{form}}}
相关作品{{{related}}}
场合{{{occasion}}}
作者{{{written}}}
文本{{{text}}}
歌詞{{{libretto}}}
语言{{{language}}}
作品源於{{{based_on}}}
韻律{{{meter}}}
时间{{{time}}}
创作{{{composed}}}
献给{{{dedication}}}
演出{{{performed}}}
出版{{{published}}}
出版商{{{publisher}}}
录制{{{first_recording}}}
时长{{{duration}}}
樂章{{{movements}}}
配器{{{scoring}}}
独奏{{{solo}}}
人聲{{{vocal}}}
乐器{{{instrumental}}}
評論{{{comment}}}
首演
日期{{{premiere_date}}}
位置{{{premiere_location}}}
指挥{{{premiere_conductor}}}
表演者{{{premiere_performers}}}
{{{misc}}}
{{Infobox musical composition
| name                = <!-- use |list_title= if list -->
| subtitle            =
| type                = 
| composer            = 
| image               = <!-- free image only -->
| image_size          =
| alt                 = 
| border              = <!-- Set to yes for a border -->
| caption             = 
| translation         = 
| native_name         = 
| native_name_lang    = 
| full_title          = 
| full_title_English  = 
| other_name          = 
| key                 = 
| catalogue           = 
| opus                = 
| ISWC                = 
| year                = <!-- {{Start date|YYYY}} (1583 & after only) -->
| period              = 
| genre               = 
| style               = 
| form                = 
| related             = 
| occasion            = 
| written             = <!-- {{Timeline-event|date={{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|end_date={{End date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|location=}} -->
| text                = 
| libretto            = 
| language            = 
| based_on            =
| meter               = 
| time                = <!-- time signature if unusual or worth mentioning -->
| composed            = <!-- {{Timeline-event|date={{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|end_date={{End date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|location=}} -->
| dedication          = 
| performed           = <!-- {{Timeline-event|date={{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|location=}} -->
| published           = <!-- {{Timeline-event|date={{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}}|location=}} --><!--supposedly hAudio microformat-->
| publisher           = 
| first_recording     = 
| duration            = <!-- {{Duration|m=3|s=45}}, optional h parameter for hours --><!-- supposedly hAudio microformat -->
| movements           = 
| scoring             = 
| solo                = 
| vocal               = 
| instrumental        = 
| comment             = 
| premiere_date       = 
| premiere_location   = 
| premiere_conductor  = 
| premiere_performers = 
| misc                = 
}}

Additional parameters[编辑]

  • |list_title= - use in place of 'name' if infobox is used in list article
  • |subtitle= subtitle, appears right below the title
  • |type= appears with the composer above an image: an (optional) help to characterize the composition if the name alone does not do it, especially if it is a foreign name, type for example Mass, String trio, Tone poem, Song cycle
  • |full_title= if the common name is not the full title
  • |other_name= other name(s) the work may be known by, such as Moonlight Sonata
  • |ISWC= International Standard Musical Work Code, such as "T-000.000.001-0"
  • |period= period of the composition such as "contemporary music"
  • |style= style of the composition, such as "Free atonality"
  • |related= related works, such a different version, a use in a later composition
  • |occasion= occasion for which the piece was commissioned or composed
  • |written= more general if "composed" can't be said or is not known
  • |libretto= text if it would be described as a libretto, for example for an oratorio
  • |based_on= for example the theme for variations, or a paraphrase
  • |meter= poetic meter
  • |time= time signature if unusual or worth mentioning
  • |publisher= company (or companies) which published the piece
  • |first_recording= date and location of the first recording
  • |dedication= name(s) of dedicatee(s)
  • |duration= duration of a typical performance, such as "12 minutes"
  • |solo= soloist(s)
  • |vocal= vocal performers
  • |instrumental= instrumental performers
  • |comment= comment for facts not covered otherwise
  • |premiere_date= date the piece was first played for the public
  • |premiere_location= premiere location, such as hall, city, country
  • |premiere_conductor= conductor who led the premiere
  • |premiere_performers= participants in the premiere

Image use[编辑]

|image= may be useful for an image related to the composition, of an autograph manuscript, original printed edition or similar item, the composer, a dedicatee, a place of first performance, you name it. Please use it only if a free (public domain) illustration is available. Since musical compositions are not normally perceived primarily through their written form by the wider public, the visual presence of the written page does not have the same identifying function as it has for books, audio media or similar releases. Therefore, there will not normally be a good justification for including a non-free title page illustration under WP:NFC, as is typically done with such items.

For the same reason, including a non-free title page of an audio recording of the composition in question will also typically be excluded, because in the classical music tradition, no individual audio recording normally has any privileged status in representing the original composition. This may be different, however, for "official" premiere recordings of contemporary works.

Examples[编辑]

Example 1 - Symphony[编辑]

Symphony No. 5
Anton Bruckner作品
Anton Bruckner.jpg
A portrait of Anton Bruckner
調性B-flat major
目錄號WAB 105
创作
  • 1875年 (1875)–1876
  • 1877年 (1877)–1881
献给Karl von Stremayr
出版
  • 1896年 (1896) (ed. Schalk)
  • 1935年 (1935) (ed. Robert Haas)
  • 1951年 (1951) (ed. Leopold Nowak)
录制1937年 (1937)
樂章4
首演
日期1894年4月8日 (1894-04-08)
位置Graz
指挥Franz Schalk
{{Infobox musical composition
| name              = Symphony No. 5
| image             = Anton Bruckner.jpg
| caption           = A portrait of Anton Bruckner
| key               = B-flat major
| dedication        = [[Karl von Stremayr]]
| composer          = [[安东·布鲁克纳|Anton Bruckner]]
| catalogue         = [[Werkverzeichnis Anton Bruckner|WAB]] 105
| movements         = 4
| composed          = {{plainlist|
* {{Start date|1875}}–1876
* {{Start date|1877}}–1881
}}
| premiere_date     = {{Start date|1894|04|08|df=y}}<ref>Paul Hawkshaw and Timothy L. Jackson. "Bruckner, Anton." In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/40030 (accessed 4 June 2011).</ref>
| premiere_location = [[格拉茨|Graz]]
| premiere_conductor= [[Franz Schalk]]
| published         = {{plainlist|
* {{Start date|1896}} (ed. Schalk)
* {{Start date|1935}} (ed. Robert Haas)
* {{nowrap|{{Start date|1951}} (ed. Leopold Nowak)}}
}}
| first_recording   = {{Start date|1937}} [[卡爾·貝姆|Karl Böhm]], [[德累斯顿国家管弦乐团|Dresden Staatskapelle]]
}}

Example 2 - Hymn[编辑]

Vom Himmel hoch, da komm ich her
Hymn by Martin Luther
VomHimmel00007012.jpg
1567 publication
中文名From Heaven Above to Earth I Come
类型
作者1534年 (1534)
文本by Martin Luther
语言German
韻律8.8.8.8
曲調
  • of a secular song (1535)
  • probably by Martin Luther (1539)
出版1535年 (1535)
{{Infobox musical composition
| name                = Vom Himmel hoch, da komm ich her
| image               = VomHimmel00007012.jpg
| caption             = 1567 publication
| translation         = From Heaven Above to Earth I Come
| native_name_lang    = [[德语|German]]
| composer            = 
| genre               = {{plainlist|
* [[讚美詩|Hymn]]
* [[聖誕頌歌|Christmas carol]]
}}
| text                = by [[馬丁·路德|Martin Luther]]
| written             = {{start date|1534}}
| meter               = 8.8.8.8
| language            = German
| melody              = {{plainlist|
* of a secular song (1535)
* probably by Martin Luther (1539)
}}
| published           = {{start date|1535}}
}}

Example 3 - Songs[编辑]

Wesendonck Lieder
Song cycle Richard Wagner作品
Mathilde Wesendonck by Karl Ferdinand Sohn, 1850.jpg
Portrait of Mathilde Wesendonck (1850) by Karl Ferdinand Sohn
目錄號WWV 91
文本Poems by Mathilde Wesendonck
语言German
创作1857年 (1857)–1858
配器voice and piano
{{Infobox musical composition
| name                = {{nowrap|{{lang|de|Wesendonck Lieder}}}}
| type                = [[声乐套曲|Song cycle]]
| composer            = [[理查德·瓦格纳|Richard Wagner]]
| image               = File:Mathilde Wesendonck by Karl Ferdinand Sohn, 1850.jpg
| alt                 = 
| caption             = Portrait of Mathilde Wesendonck (1850) by [[Karl Ferdinand Sohn]]
| Title_English       = Wesendonck Songs
| catalogue           = [[Wagner-Werk-Verzeichnis|WWV]] 91
| text                = Poems by [[Mathilde Wesendonck]]
| language            = [[德语|German]]
| composed            = {{start date|1857}}–1858
| scoring             = voice and piano
}}

Example 4 - original example of the template[编辑]

Sub Arturo plebs
Johannes Alanus作品
Cover
年份Late 14th Century
时期Mediaeval
风格Ars Nova
曲式Motet

Note that the old parameters ("cover") should not be used when new infoboxes are created.

{{Infobox musical composition
| name     = Sub Arturo plebs
| image    = Nocover.svg
| alt      = Cover
| form     = [[經文歌|Motet]]
| composer = [[Johannes Alanus]]
| year     = Late 14th Century
| period   = [[中世紀音樂|Mediaeval]]
| style    = [[Ars Nova]]
}}

Microformats[编辑]

hCalendar[编辑]

此模板產生的HTML标记包含了hCalendar微格式,能夠讓電腦解析事件的详情,便于维基百科将该条目归类,或让用户通过浏览器将该事件添加进日历或日记应用程序中。關於微格式的更多使用資訊,請參閱維基百科的微格式專題

日期只会在使用了{{Start date}}或{{End date}}的情况下显示,URL只会在使用了{{Url}}的情况下被包含。

hCalendar使用的HTML class包括:

  • attendee
  • contact
  • description
  • dtend
  • dtstart
  • location
  • organiser
  • summary
  • url
  • vevent

請勿移除或修改這些class,也請勿更改或移除有相關設定之模板及設定。

hAudio[编辑]

Template:UF-audio

See also[编辑]

Template Data[编辑]

这是用于新版可视化编辑器及其他工具的模板数据文档。

Infobox musical composition模板数据

The template is very general and therefore offers a great choice of parameters. For a given composition, use only those of relevance, look first if the subset covers them.

模板参数

参数说明类型状态
Is_listis_list

无描述

未知可选
List titlelist_title

use in place of 'name' if infobox is used in list article

未知可选
TitlenameNametitleTitle

title of the composition, using the common name; or name(s) of hymn in quotation marks

未知推荐
SubtitlesubtitleSubtitle

subtitle, appears right below the title

未知可选
TypetypeType

appears with the composer above an image: an (optional) help to characterize the composition if the name alone does not do it, especially if it is a foreign name, type for example Mass, String trio, Tone poem, Song cycle

未知可选
ComposercomposerComposer

composer of the piece

未知可选
ImageimageImage

a suitable free image; without leading "File:"

未知可选
Image sizeimage_sizeImage_size

无描述

未知可选
Image uprightimage_upright

See Module:InfoboxImage#Parameters and look for "upright"

未知可选
BorderborderBorder

无描述

未知可选
AltaltAlt

an alternative description of the image for readers who don't see it

未知可选
Captionimage_captioncaptionimage captionCaption

description of the image

未知可选
English nameTitle_Englishtranslation

title in English, if the common name is in different language

未知可选
Native namenative_nameNative_name

native title, if the common name is English

未知可选
Native name languagenative_name_langNative_name_lang

language of the native title/common title not in English

未知可选
Full titlefull_titleFull_title

if the common name is not the full title

未知可选
Full title (English)full_title_EnglishFull_title_English

无描述

未知可选
Other nameother_nameOther_name

other name(s) the work may be known by, such as Moonlight Sonata

未知可选
KeykeyKey

key, such as "C minor", "C-sharp major"

未知可选
CataloguecatalogueCatalogue

catalogue number, listing the catalogue with a link, such as K.

未知可选
Opusopus

opus number, usually abbreviated

例子
[[Opus number|Op.]] 9
未知可选
ISWCISWC

International Standard Musical Work Code, such as "T-000.000.001-0"

未知可选
YearyearYear

year of composition if different from a date below

未知可选
PeriodperiodPeriod

period of the composition such as "contemporary music"

未知可选
GenregenreGenre

genre of the piece, such as choral music; or "Hymn" if it's a hymn

未知可选
StylestyleStyle

style of the composition, such as "Free atonality"

未知可选
FormformForm

form, such as "string quartet"

未知可选
Relatedrelated

related works, such a different version, a use in a later composition

未知可选
OccasionoccasionOccasion

occasion for which the piece was commissioned or composed

未知可选
WrittenwrittenWritten

more general if "composed" can't be said or is not known

未知可选
TexttextText

text source for works with text such as songs and cantatas

未知可选
LibrettolibrettoLibretto

text if it would be described as a libretto, for example for an oratorio

未知可选
LanguagelanguageLanguage

language of the text

未知可选
Based onbased_on

for example the theme for variations, or a paraphrase

未知可选
Metermeter

poetic meter

未知可选
Melodymelody

open to name a melody or its writer, useful for hymns, songs and variations

未知可选
TimetimeTime

time signature if unusual or worth mentioning

未知可选
ComposedcomposedComposed

time and location of composition if known and different from "Performed"

未知可选
DedicationdedicationDedication

name(s) of dedicatee(s)

未知可选
PerformedperformedPerformed

date and location of notable performances, typically the premiere

未知可选
PublishedpublishedPublished

date(s) and location(s) of publishing

未知可选
PublisherpublisherPublisher

company (or companies) which published the piece

未知可选
First recordingfirst_recordingFirst_recording

date and location of the first recording

未知可选
DurationdurationDuration

duration of a typical performance, such as "12 minutes"

未知可选
MovementsmovementsMovements

number of movements

未知可选
ScoringscoringScoring

scoring

未知可选
SolosoloSolo

soloist(s)

未知可选
VocalvocalVocal

vocal performers

未知可选
InstrumentalinstrumentalInstrumental

instrumental performers

未知可选
CommentcommentComment

comment for facts not covered otherwise

未知可选
Premiere datepremiere_datePremiere_datePremiere datepremiere date

date the piece was first played for the public

未知可选
Premiere conductorpremiere_conductorPremiere conductorpremiere conductorPremiere_conductor

conductor who led the premiere

未知可选
Premiere locationpremiere_locationPremiere_locationpremiere locationPremiere location

premiere location, such as hall, city, country

未知可选
Premiere performerspremiere_performersPremiere_performerspremiere performersPremiere performers

participants in the premiere

未知可选
MiscmiscMisc

room to enter additional information

未知可选
Audio sample?Audio sample?

无描述

未知可选